How to format your references using the Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M 2010 Structural biology: Crystal-clear images Nature 465 824–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Brucker R M and Bordenstein S R 2014 Response to Comment on “The hologenomic basis of speciation: gut bacteria cause hybrid lethality in the genus Nasonia” Science 345 1011
A journal article with 3 authors
Perrachione T K, Del Tufo S N and Gabrieli J D E 2011 Human voice recognition depends on language ability Science 333 595
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Solovyov V F, Ozaki T, Atrei A, Wu L, Al-Mahboob A, Sadowski J T, Tong X, Nykypanchuk D and Li Q 2014 Highly efficient solid state catalysis by reconstructed (001) ceria surface Sci. Rep. 4 4627

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laplante P A and Ovaska S J 2011 Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Keller A and Martin-Flatin J-P 2006 Self-Managed Networks, Systems, and Services: Second IEEE International Workshop, SelfMan 2006, Dublin, Ireland, June 16, 2006. Proceedings vol 3996 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Jeske S, Meinhardt F and Klassen R 2007 Extranuclear Inheritance: Virus-Like DNA-Elements in Yeast Progress in Botany Progress in Botany ed K Esser, U Löttge, W Beyschlag and J Murata (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 98–129

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2016 We Could Be On The Brink Of Discovering Something Extraordinary At The Large Hadron Collider IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1972 Examination of Selected Aspects of the Financial Management System of Goddard Space Flight Center (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cook A E 2010 Gas hydrate-filled fracture reservoirs on continental margins Doctoral dissertation (New York, NY: Columbia University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B and Rashbaum W K 2017 Before Times Sq. Crash, A String of Legal Issues And a Fall Into Paranoia New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
AbbreviationJ. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys.
ISSN (online)1475-7516
ScopeAstronomy and Astrophysics

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