How to format your references using the Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cole-Hamilton D J 2003 Homogeneous catalysis--new approaches to catalyst separation, recovery, and recycling Science 299 1702–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Guo Z and Ohlstein B 2015 Stem cell regulation. Bidirectional Notch signaling regulates Drosophila intestinal stem cell multipotency Science 350
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu X, Jin L and Zhou Z H 2008 3.88 A structure of cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus by cryo-electron microscopy Nature 453 415–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Lenggenhager B, Tadi T, Metzinger T and Blanke O 2007 Video ergo sum: manipulating bodily self-consciousness Science 317 1096–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schroeder K, Thompson T, Frith K and Pencheon D 2012 Sustainable Healthcare (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Puniya A K, Singh R and Kamra D N 2015 Rumen Microbiology: From Evolution to Revolution (New Delhi: Springer India)
A chapter in an edited book
Hillard E A, Vessières A and Jaouen G 2010 Ferrocene Functionalized Endocrine Modulators as Anticancer Agents Medicinal Organometallic Chemistry Topics in Organometallic Chemistry ed G Jaouen and N Metzler-Nolte (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 81–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Doctors in India Remove 232 Teeth From Mouth Of Teenage Boy IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2014 Airline Competition: The Average Number of Competitors in Markets Serving the Majority of Passengers Has Changed Little in Recent Years, but Stakeholders Voice Concerns about Competition (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LeBlanc L 2009 Group home placement for children with serious emotional disturbance: A grant proposal project Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2006 Justices Reaffirm Abortion Access For Emergencies New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
AbbreviationJ. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys.
ISSN (online)1475-7516
ScopeAstronomy and Astrophysics

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