How to format your references using the Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis M E 2003 Materials science. Distinguishing the (almost) indistinguishable Science 300 438–9
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaech S M and Ahmed R 2003 Immunology. CD8 T cells remember with a little help Science 300 263–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Alston J M, Beddow J M and Pardey P G 2009 Agriculture. Agricultural research, productivity, and food prices in the long run Science 325 1209–10
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Song S J, Seok J Y, Yoon J H, Kim K M, Kim G H, Lee M H and Hwang C S 2013 Real-time identification of the evolution of conducting nano-filaments in TiO2 thin film ReRAM Sci. Rep. 3 3443

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hogan K 2008 The Secret Language of Business (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Backhaus J 2015 Great Nations at Peril vol 17 (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Xue H, Wang L and Li D 2013 Design and Development of Dissolved Oxygen Real-Time Prediction and Early Warning System for Brocaded Carp Aquaculture Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture VI: 6th IFIP WG 5.14 International Conference, CCTA 2012, Zhangjiajie, China, October 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part I IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology ed D Li and Y Chen (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 35–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Can You Solve These 5 Physics Phenomena? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1995 International Broadcasting: Downsizing and Relocating Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
French D C 2012 A Case against E-Waste: Where One Country’s Trash is (Not) Another Country’s Treasure: Developing National E-Waste Legislation to Regulate E-Waste Exportation Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M W 2015 Puerto Rico Debt Crisis Closes In on Jan. 1 Deadline New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
AbbreviationJ. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys.
ISSN (online)1475-7516
ScopeAstronomy and Astrophysics

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