How to format your references using the Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alroy J 2010 The shifting balance of diversity among major marine animal groups Science 329 1191–4
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuper A and Marks J 2011 Anthropologists unite! Nature 470 166–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim J H, Haule K and Kotliar G 2007 Fluctuating valence in a correlated solid and the anomalous properties of delta-plutonium Nature 446 513–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Xu C-X, Zheng Y-X, Zheng X-H, Hu Q, Zhao Y, Ji L-N and Mao Z-W 2013 V-shaped dinuclear Pt(II) complexes: selective interaction with human telomeric G-quadruplex and significant inhibition towards telomerase Sci. Rep. 3 2060

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raghavan V 2016 Combustion Technology (Chichester, UK: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Kartikeyan S 2007 HIV and AIDS: Basic Elements and Priorities ed R N Bharmal, R P Tiwari and P S Bisen (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Carr C T 2016 An Uncertainty Reduction Approach to Applicant Information-Seeking in Social Media: Effects on Attributions and Hiring Social Media in Employee Selection and Recruitment: Theory, Practice, and Current Challenges ed R N Landers and G B Schmidt (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 59–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2015 Pebble Theory Of Planet Formation Could Explain Why Earth Is Bigger Than Mars IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2003 Title I: Although Definitions of Administrative Expenditures Vary, Almost All Districts Studied Spent Less Than 10 Percent on Administration (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peng E 2017 Teaching and Coaching Brazilian Jiujitsu: An Instructional Manual Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M 2013 Forging Path to Starting Line For Younger Disabled Athletes New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
AbbreviationJ. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys.
ISSN (online)1475-7516
ScopeAstronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles