How to format your references using the Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P 2003 Ground control Nature 421 969
A journal article with 2 authors
Cloetingh S and Haq B U 2015 Sea level change. Inherited landscapes and sea level change Science 347 1258375
A journal article with 3 authors
Gneezy U, Keenan E A and Gneezy A 2014 Behavioral economics. Avoiding overhead aversion in charity Science 346 632–5
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Kuo H-C, Hui S, Choi J, Asiegbu F O, Valkonen J P T and Lee Y-H 2014 Secret lifestyles of Neurospora crassa Sci. Rep. 4 5135

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leibowitz M L, Bova A and Hammond P B 2010 The Endowment Model of Investing (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Klingbeil H 2015 Theoretical Foundations of Synchrotron and Storage Ring RF Systems ed U Laier and D Lens (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Chan A W H, Quaglia A, Haugk B and Burt A 2014 Fatty Liver Disease Atlas of Liver Pathology ed A Quaglia, B Haugk and A Burt (New York, NY: Springer) pp 71–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Watch This Ex-Circus Lion Feel Grass For The First Time IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2014 Information Technology: IRS Needs to Improve the Reliability and Transparency of Reported Investment Information (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan S A 2010 Ecopoetry and ecocentrism: The poetics of Wallace Stevens and William Carlos Williams Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Abad S and Casey N 2017 Race Is On to Find Survivors of Colombia Mudslide New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
AbbreviationJ. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys.
ISSN (online)1475-7516
ScopeAstronomy and Astrophysics

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