How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duncan MJ. Planetary science: Preventing stars from eating their young. Nature. 2015 Apr 2;520(7545):40–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mitchell-Olds T, Schmitt J. Genetic mechanisms and evolutionary significance of natural variation in Arabidopsis. Nature. 2006 Jun 22;441(7096):947–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins FS, Wilder EL, Zerhouni E. Funding transdisciplinary research. NIH Roadmap/Common Fund at 10 years. Science. 2014 Jul 18;345(6194):274–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu D, Wang X, Wang X, Tian W, Bando Y, Golberg D. Co3O4 nanocages with highly exposed {110} facets for high-performance lithium storage. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2543.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilbao S. Wave and Scattering Methods for Numerical Simulation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Heilmann C. Web Development Solutions: Ajax, APIs, Libraries, and Hosted Services Made Easy. Francis MN, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2007. XVI, 280 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Shirwany NA, Seidman MD. Antioxidants and Their Effect on Stress-Induced Pathology in the Inner Ear. In: Miller J, Le Prell CG, Rybak L, editors. Free Radicals in ENT Pathology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 57–89. (Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Human Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew E. How the 2011 Japanese Tsunami Changed the Face of Science [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax System Modernization: IRS’ Efforts to Improve Taxpayer Correspondence. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Mar. Report No.: IMTEC-90-26.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warfield BS. Speaking of the Self: Theorizing the Dialogical Dimensions of Ethical Agency [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker P, Shear MD. Shifting Tone, President Saves Dark Words for a Faith’s Fringe. New York Times. 2017 May 21;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Human Genetics
AbbreviationIndian J. Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)1998-362X
ISSN (online)0971-6866

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