How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeebe RE. Journal club. A physicist and biogeochemist gets a kick out of the problem of Brownian motion and diffusion. Nature. 2010 Aug 26;466(7310):1025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eroglu C, Barres BA. Regulation of synaptic connectivity by glia. Nature. 2010 Nov 11;468(7321):223–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jermiin LS, Poladian L, Charleston MA. Evolution. Is the “Big Bang” in animal evolution real? Science. 2005 Dec 23;310(5756):1910–1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Newton PK, Mason J, Hurt B, Bethel K, Bazhenova L, Nieva J, et al. Entropy, complexity, and Markov diagrams for random walk cancer models. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 19;4:7558.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shinohara H, Tagmatarchis N. Endohedral Metallofullerenes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Amato F. Finite-Time Stability and Control. Ambrosino R, Ariola M, Cosentino C, De Tommasi G, editors. London: Springer; 2014. XII, 146 p. 37 illus., 14 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences; vol. 453).
A chapter in an edited book
Bault JP, Loeuillet L. Tips and Traps. In: Loeuillet L, editor. The Normal and Pathological Fetal Brain: Ultrasonographic Features. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 131–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Human Genetics.

Blog post
Fang J. Marmoset Babies Learn to Wait for Their Turn to Talk [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Buyouts at the Department of Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Aug. Report No.: GGD-94-197R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day C. Medication-assisted treatment: Education for those who assist in the treatment of substance use disorders curriculum development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz M, Rashbaum WK, Hakim D. Trump Foot Soldier Sidelined Under Glare of Russia Inquiry. New York Times. 2017 Jul 2;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Human Genetics
AbbreviationIndian J. Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)1998-362X
ISSN (online)0971-6866

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