How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strasser BJ. Genetics. GenBank--Natural history in the 21st Century? Science. 2008 Oct 24;322(5901):537–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vukmirovic OG, Tilghman SM. Exploring genome space. Nature. 2000 Jun 15;405(6788):820–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanaka S, Sawaya MR, Yeates TO. Structure and mechanisms of a protein-based organelle in Escherichia coli. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):81–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Opris I, Santos L, Gerhardt GA, Song D, Berger TW, Hampson RE, et al. Prefrontal cortical microcircuits bind perception to executive control. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Exposito E, Diop C. Smart SOA Platforms in Cloud Computing Architectures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Doran BJ. Putting Fear of Crime on the Map: Investigating Perceptions of Crime Using Geographic Information Systems. Burgess MB, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. XVIII, 286 p. (Springer Series on Evidence-Based Crime Policy).
A chapter in an edited book
Ortolani S, Giuffrida C, Crispo B. KLIMAX: Profiling Memory Write Patterns to Detect Keystroke-Harvesting Malware. In: Sommer R, Balzarotti D, Maier G, editors. Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection: 14th International Symposium, RAID 2011, Menlo Park, CA, USA, September 20-21, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 81–100. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Human Genetics.

Blog post
Andrews R. Remarkable 3D Printed Replicas Of Ötzi The Iceman Are Coming To The U.S [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Security: Progress Made, but Federal Aviation Administration Needs to Improve Controls over Air Traffic Control Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Aug. Report No.: GAO-05-712.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sprague T. Cultural perspectives among children of Guatemalan Maya immigrants in Lake Worth, Florida [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Dreams Taste Bittersweet As a Small Store Is Sold. New York Times. 2002 Aug 11;145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Human Genetics
AbbreviationIndian J. Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)1998-362X
ISSN (online)0971-6866

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