How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker J. Cassini at Enceladus. Tiger, tiger, burning bright. Science. 2006 Mar 10;311(5766):1388.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dai X, Huang N. Numerical simulation of drifting snow sublimation in the saltation layer. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 14;4:6611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitney D, Westwood DA, Goodale MA. The influence of visual motion on fast reaching movements to a stationary object. Nature. 2003 Jun 19;423(6942):869–73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Botella H, Blom H, Dorka M, Ahlberg PE, Janvier P. Jaws and teeth of the earliest bony fishes. Nature. 2007 Aug 2;448(7153):583–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flaus JM. Risk Analysis. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Ni YQ, Ye XW, editors. Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on High-Speed and Intercity Railways: Volume 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XVI, 512 p. 407 illus., 315 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; vol. 148).
A chapter in an edited book
Pistrosch F, Hanefeld M. The Metabolic Syndrome and Cancer. In: Beck-Nielsen H, editor. The Metabolic Syndrome: Pharmacology and Clinical Aspects. Vienna: Springer; 2013. p. 55–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Human Genetics.

Blog post
Taub B. Study Shows Dogs Have Episodic Memory, Just Like Humans. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Attack Warning: Status of the Survivable Communications Integration System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jul. Report No.: IMTEC-92-61BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dale B. Changing how we change: A case study of Escondido Union School District [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Mets’ Rally From 10-0 Hole Falls Short. New York Times. 2016 Sep 25;SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Human Genetics
AbbreviationIndian J. Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)1998-362X
ISSN (online)0971-6866

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