How to format your references using the Environmental and Experimental Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental and Experimental Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Rourke, D., 2014. The science of sustainable supply chains. Science 344, 1124–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Margot, J.L., Brown, M.E., 2003. A low-density M-type asteroid in the main belt. Science 300, 1939–1942.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hirjibehedin, C.F., Lutz, C.P., Heinrich, A.J., 2006. Spin coupling in engineered atomic structures. Science 312, 1021–1024.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Westphal, V., Rizzoli, S.O., Lauterbach, M.A., Kamin, D., Jahn, R., Hell, S.W., 2008. Video-rate far-field optical nanoscopy dissects synaptic vesicle movement. Science 320, 246–249.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kondoz, A.M., 2006. Digital Speech. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Berretti, S., Thampi, S.M., Dasgupta, S. (Eds.), 2016. Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications: Volume 2, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lousame, F.P., Sánchez, E., 2009. A Taxonomy of Collaborative-Based Recommender Systems, in: Castellano, G., Jain, L.C., Fanelli, A.M. (Eds.), Web Personalization in Intelligent Environments, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 81–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental and Experimental Botany.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Watch What Happens When You Add Dye To A Floating Ball Of Water On The ISS [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Higher Education: Challenges in Attracting International Students to the United States and Implications for Global Competitiveness (No. GAO-07-1047T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ferris, R.J., 2014. Numerical investigations of flow past a partially rotating stepped cylinder (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2017. Yuri Drozdov, 91, Top Spy For K.G.B. Who Planted Agents Around the Globe. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Rourke, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Margot and Brown, 2003; O’Rourke, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Margot and Brown, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Westphal et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental and Experimental Botany
AbbreviationEnviron. Exp. Bot.
ISSN (print)0098-8472
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles