How to format your references using the Environmental and Experimental Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental and Experimental Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
du Toit, J.T., 2011. Ecology. Coexisting with cattle. Science 333, 1710–1711.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, X., Su, H., 2014. Cuprate-like electronic properties in superlattices with Ag(II)F₂ square sheet. Sci. Rep. 4, 5420.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adkins, J.F., McIntyre, K., Schrag, D.P., 2002. The salinity, temperature, and delta18O of the glacial deep ocean. Science 298, 1769–1773.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sutton, M.A., Schmidt, E.F., Choi, K.-H., Schad, C.A., Whisler, K., Simmons, D., Karanian, D.A., Monteggia, L.M., Neve, R.L., Self, D.W., 2003. Extinction-induced upregulation in AMPA receptors reduces cocaine-seeking behaviour. Nature 421, 70–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambaum, M.H.P., 2010. Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Boer, F.S. de, Bonsangue, M.M., Graf, S., Roever, W.-P. de (Eds.), 2007. Formal Methods for Components and Objects: 5th International Symposium, FMCO 2006, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, November 7-10, 2006, Revised Lectures, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gahbiche, S., Pernelle, N., Saïs, F., 2012. Explaining Reference Reconciliation Decisions: A Coloured Petri Nets Based Approach, in: Guillet, F., Ritschard, G., Zighed, D.A. (Eds.), Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Management: Volume 2, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 63–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental and Experimental Botany.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Astronaut Safety Concerns Confound Longterm Space Exploration [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. NASA Budget: Potential Shortfalls in Funding NASA’s 5-Year Plan (No. T-NSIAD-92-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trichon, M.C., 2010. Self-Help Conferences for People Who Stutter: An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. And They’ll All Go Looking Good. New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (du Toit, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (du Toit, 2011; Yang and Su, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Su, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sutton et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental and Experimental Botany
AbbreviationEnviron. Exp. Bot.
ISSN (print)0098-8472
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles