How to format your references using the Environmental and Experimental Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental and Experimental Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2015. Rejection of GM crops is not a failure for science. Nature 525, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz, D.M., Yoon, T.P., 2014. Solar synthesis: prospects in visible light photocatalysis. Science 343, 1239176.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tersoff, J., Jesson, D.E., Tang, W.X., 2009. Running droplets of gallium from evaporation of gallium arsenide. Science 324, 236–238.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lingel, A., Simon, B., Izaurralde, E., Sattler, M., 2003. Structure and nucleic-acid binding of the Drosophila Argonaute 2 PAZ domain. Nature 426, 465–469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood, J., Brown, W., Howe, H., 2013. IT Auditing and Application Controls for Small and Mid-Sized Enterprises. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Goralski, G., 2008. Foundation Flex for Designers. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Howe, A.S., 2013. Knobology, in: Daniels, J.M., Dexter, W.W. (Eds.), Basics of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 11–13.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental and Experimental Botany.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Astronomers Spot A Black Hole That Looks Just Like A Bullseye [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Financial Management Systems: DHS Has an Opportunity to Incorporate Best Practices in Modernization Efforts (No. GAO-06-553T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela, B.D., 2013. Thirty-Year-Old Mulberry Field (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2010. Treasury Hid A.I.G. Loss, Report Says. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2015; Schultz and Yoon, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schultz and Yoon, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lingel et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental and Experimental Botany
AbbreviationEnviron. Exp. Bot.
ISSN (print)0098-8472
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles