How to format your references using the Environmental and Experimental Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental and Experimental Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, M.D., 2008. Economics. Learning with regret. Science 319, 1052–1053.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koo, H.-J., Velev, O.D., 2013. Regenerable photovoltaic devices with a hydrogel-embedded microvascular network. Sci. Rep. 3, 2357.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lai, Y.-T., Cascio, D., Yeates, T.O., 2012. Structure of a 16-nm cage designed by using protein oligomers. Science 336, 1129.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rempel, M., Schüssler, M., Cameron, R.H., Knölker, M., 2009. Penumbral structure and outflows in simulated sunspots. Science 325, 171–174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, G.M., Furlong, J.C., 2010. Environmental Biotechnology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Biza, I., 2016. Research on Teaching and Learning Mathematics at the Tertiary Level: State-of-the-art and Looking Ahead, ICME-13 Topical Surveys. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ignatiev, A.A., Lyashenko, A.V., 2010. Heteromagnetic Oscillator, in: Lyashenko, A.V. (Ed.), Heteromagnetic Microelectronics: Microsystems of Active Type. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 175–197.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental and Experimental Botany.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Can Insects Feed A Hungry Planet? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. FAA Facilities: Improved Condition Assessment Methods Could Better Inform Maintenance Decisions and Capital- Planning Efforts (No. GAO-13-757). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Datta, A., 2017. Speech Synthesis Using Unsupervised Learning (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Supreme Court Refuses Case Challenging Group’s Designation as Terrorists. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen, 2008; Koo and Velev, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koo and Velev, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Rempel et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental and Experimental Botany
AbbreviationEnviron. Exp. Bot.
ISSN (print)0098-8472
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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