How to format your references using the European Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neier, R.: Chemistry. A two-catalyst photochemistry route to homochiral rings. Science. 344, 368–369 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Auer, S., Frenkel, D.: Prediction of absolute crystal-nucleation rate in hard-sphere colloids. Nature. 409, 1020–1023 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Nimmerjahn, A., Kirchhoff, F., Helmchen, F.: Resting microglial cells are highly dynamic surveillants of brain parenchyma in vivo. Science. 308, 1314–1318 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Maricich, S.M., Wellnitz, S.A., Nelson, A.M., Lesniak, D.R., Gerling, G.J., Lumpkin, E.A., Zoghbi, H.Y.: Merkel cells are essential for light-touch responses. Science. 324, 1580–1582 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jamison, D.C.: Perl Programming for Biologists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Schwartz, R.A., Byrne, J.A., Colaninno, A. eds: Technology and Regulation: How Are They Driving Our Markets? Springer US, Boston, MA (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Gray, J.: Enriques: Popularising Science and the Problems of Geometry. In: Hendricks, V.F., Jørgensen, K.F., Lützen, J., and Pedersen, S.A. (eds.) Interactions: Mathematics, Physics and Philosophy, 1860–1930. pp. 135–154. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Scientists Discover A Potential Anti-HIV Protein In Corals


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Education Grants: Promise Neighborhoods Promotes Collaboration but Needs National Evaluation Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warrick, A.D.: “Deep” South: Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, and Environmental Knowledge, 1800-1974, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K.: World Briefing | Europe: Russia: 10 Tons Of Cold Ones, (2004)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationEur. J. Math.
ISSN (print)2199-675X
ISSN (online)2199-6768
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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