How to format your references using the European Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R.: Palaeoanthropology: face to face with our past. Nature. 420, 735–736 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Knight, J.C., Russell, P.S.J.: Applied optics. New ways to guide light. Science. 296, 276–277 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishimura, E.K., Granter, S.R., Fisher, D.E.: Mechanisms of hair graying: incomplete melanocyte stem cell maintenance in the niche. Science. 307, 720–724 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, X., Yang, C., Chai, J., Shi, Y., Xue, D.: Mechanisms of AIF-mediated apoptotic DNA degradation in Caenorhabditis elegans. Science. 298, 1587–1592 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joglekar, A.M.: Industrial Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Meir, E.G. ed: CNS Cancer: Models, Markers, Prognostic Factors, Targets, and Therapeutic Approaches. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshimura, T., Fujii, Y., Ito, T.: Grouping Co-occurrence Filtering Based on Bayesian Filtering. In: Jiang, H., Ding, W., Ali, M., and Wu, X. (eds.) Advanced Research in Applied Artificial Intelligence: 25th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2012, Dalian, China, June 9-12, 2012. Proceedings. pp. 30–39. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Giving Seaweed To Cattle Could Bring A Stop To Belch-Based Climate Change,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Tax System Modernization: IRS’ Challenge for the 21st Century. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1990)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forlizzi, M.L.: Congruency of supervisor and counselor perceptions of actual and preferred counselor work behaviors, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver-Greenberg, J., Corkery, M.: The Used Car Was Repossessed, But the Lender Is Still Collecting, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationEur. J. Math.
ISSN (print)2199-675X
ISSN (online)2199-6768
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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