How to format your references using the European Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K.: The places in between. Nature. 446, 944–945 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Giljohann, D.A., Mirkin, C.A.: Drivers of biodiagnostic development. Nature. 462, 461–464 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakuda, A., Hayashi, A., Tatsumisago, M.: Sulfide solid electrolyte with favorable mechanical property for all-solid-state lithium battery. Sci. Rep. 3, 2261 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roosen-Runge, F., Zhang, F., Schreiber, F., Roth, R.: Ion-activated attractive patches as a mechanism for controlled protein interactions. Sci. Rep. 4, 7016 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmons, M., Dalgleish, E.: Corporate Actions. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK (2006)
An edited book
Hao, Y., Liu, J., Wang, Y.-P., Cheung, Y.-M., Yin, H., Jiao, L., Ma, J., Jiao, Y.-C. eds: Computational Intelligence and Security: International Conference, CIS 2005, Xi’an, China, December 15-19, 2005, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Lin, C.Y.-Y., Chen, J.: Two-Stage Model of Societal Innovation. In: Chen, J. (ed.) The Impact of Societal and Social Innovation: A Case-Based Approach. pp. 51–62. Springer, Singapore (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Distant Super-Earth Exoplanet Has A Climate Perfect For Simple Life,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Report to the Secretary, HEW, on the National Direct Student Loan Delinquency Rate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1976)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pratt, P.R.: Analysis of the thermo-mechanical characteristics of the LENSTM process for steels using the finite element method, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J.: ‘Today’ Host Discussing NBC Exit After Lewd Tape, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationEur. J. Math.
ISSN (print)2199-675X
ISSN (online)2199-6768
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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