How to format your references using the European Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldstein, L.: US election: Know your representatives. Nature. 489, 494–495 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Weir, J.T., Schluter, D.: The latitudinal gradient in recent speciation and extinction rates of birds and mammals. Science. 315, 1574–1576 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanaka, G., Urabe, C., Aihara, K.: Random and targeted interventions for epidemic control in metapopulation models. Sci. Rep. 4, 5522 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chong, A.S., Shen, J., Tao, J., Yin, D., Kuznetsov, A., Hara, M., Philipson, L.H.: Reversal of diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice without spleen cell-derived beta cell regeneration. Science. 311, 1774–1775 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdullaeva, Z.: Nano- and Biomaterials. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2017)
An edited book
Biehl, M., Hammer, B., Verleysen, M., Villmann, T. eds: Similarity-Based Clustering: Recent Developments and Biomedical Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Reichmuth, C.: Psychophysical Studies of Auditory Masking in Marine Mammals: Key Concepts and New Directions. In: Popper, A.N. and Hawkins, A. (eds.) The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life. pp. 23–27. Springer, New York, NY (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Bird Presumed To Be Extinct Since 1940’s Spotted In Myanmar,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Head Start: Undercover Testing Finds Fraud and Abuse at Selected Head Start Centers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2010)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuan, J.: Membrane Protein Insertion in Bacteria by the YidC and Sec Pathway, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cheever, S.: ‘Why Didn’t Rebecca Stop at the Railroad Crossing?,’ (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationEur. J. Math.
ISSN (print)2199-675X
ISSN (online)2199-6768
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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