How to format your references using the Frontiers in Dementia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Dementia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Urban, K. W. (2008). Studying atomic structures by aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy. Science 321, 506–510.
A journal article with 2 authors
Henzler-Wildman, K., and Kern, D. (2007). Dynamic personalities of proteins. Nature 450, 964–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
King, G., Pan, J., and Roberts, M. E. (2014). Political science. Reverse-engineering censorship in China: randomized experimentation and participant observation. Science 345, 1251722.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tilman, D., Reich, P. B., Knops, J., Wedin, D., Mielke, T., and Lehman, C. (2001). Diversity and productivity in a long-term grassland experiment. Science 294, 843–845.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lafontaine, E., and Comet, M. (2016). Nanothermites. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Normand, N., Guédon, J., and Autrusseau, F. eds. (2016). Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 19th IAPR International Conference, DGCI 2016, Nantes, France, April 18-20, 2016. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Vafadar, S., and Abdollahzadeh Barfourosh, A. (2011). “Towards Requirement Analysis Pattern for Learning Agents,” in Agent-Oriented Software Engineering XI: 11th International Workshop, AOSE 2010, Toronto, Canada, May 10-11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. D. Weyns and M.-P. Gleizes (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 79–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Dementia.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Skipping Rocks On Frozen Lake Makes The “Coolest Sound Ever.” IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Women in STEM Research: Federal Agencies Differ in the Data They Collect on Grant Applicants. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reimer, E. L. (2010). Grant proposal: Support services for families of children diagnosed with autism.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006). Justices Hear Arguments On Late-Term Abortion. New York Times, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Urban, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Henzler-Wildman and Kern, 2007; Urban, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Henzler-Wildman and Kern, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tilman et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Dementia
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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