How to format your references using the Frontiers in Dementia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Dementia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greaves, M. (2014). Retrospective. Janet Rowley (1925-2013). Science 343, 626.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eiben, A. E., and Smith, J. (2015). From evolutionary computation to the evolution of things. Nature 521, 476–482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeganathan, K. B., Malureanu, L., and van Deursen, J. M. (2005). The Rae1-Nup98 complex prevents aneuploidy by inhibiting securin degradation. Nature 438, 1036–1039.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tenoever, B. R., Ng, S.-L., Chua, M. A., McWhirter, S. M., García-Sastre, A., and Maniatis, T. (2007). Multiple functions of the IKK-related kinase IKKepsilon in interferon-mediated antiviral immunity. Science 315, 1274–1278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vallin, R. W. (2013). The Elements of Cantor Sets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tessaris, S., Franconi, E., Eiter, T., Gutierrez, C., Handschuh, S., Rousset, M.-C., et al. eds. (2009). Reasoning Web. Semantic Technologies for Information Systems: 5th International Summer School 2009, Brixen-Bressanone, Italy, August 30 - September 4, 2009, Tutorial Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tehrani, M. A., Akbari, A., and Majumder, M. (2014). “Polylactic Acid (PLA) Layered Silicate Nanocomposites,” in Handbook of Polymernanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application: Volume A: Layered Silicates, eds. J. K. Pandey, K. R. Reddy, A. K. Mohanty, and M. Misra (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Dementia.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Researchers Image Wave-Particle Duality Light For The First Time Ever. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Cost and Schedule Commitments but Continues to Use Reserves to Address Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nye, K. M. (2010). Crème de Pêche.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000). A Mister Softee Who Found His Calling. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greaves, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Greaves, 2014; Eiben and Smith, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eiben and Smith, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Tenoever et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Dementia
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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