How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Diabetology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Diabetology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Crawley JN. Medicine. Testing hypotheses about autism. Science. 2007;318:56–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shedlock DJ, Shen H. Requirement for CD4 T cell help in generating functional CD8 T cell memory. Science. 2003;300:337–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kieffer HH, Christensen PR, Titus TN. CO2 jets formed by sublimation beneath translucent slab ice in Mars’ seasonal south polar ice cap. Nature. 2006;442:793–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Stohr J, Samant MG, Luning J, Callegari AC, Chaudhari P, Doyle JP, et al. Liquid crystal alignment on carbonaceous surfaces with orientational order. Science. 2001;292:2299–302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Anson EM. Alexander’s Heirs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Menchetti PPM, editor. Minimally Invasive Surgery of the Lumbar Spine. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Quarteroni A, Saleri F, Gervasio P. Linear systems. In: Saleri F, Gervasio P, editors. Scientific Computing with MATLAB and Octave. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 129–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Diabetology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Discover How To “Switch Off” Hunger [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-discover-appetite-regulating-brain-circuit/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Serious Problems Continue to Trouble the Air Traffic Control Work Force. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 May. Report No.: T-RCED-89-44.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Curiel AR. A re-examination of the Meyers and Volbrecht motor equation for the identification of suspect effort [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schwirtz M, Stewart N, Baker AL. As Police Seek a Motive, a Killer’s Sister Offers Her Perspective. New York Times. 2017 Jul 7;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Diabetology
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Diabetol.
ISSN (online)1475-2840
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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