How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary European Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary European Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalcanton, Julianne J. 2009. “18 Years of Science with the Hubble Space Telescope.” Nature 457 (7225): 41–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long, Jennifer L., and Dinesh K. Chhetri. 2015. “Tissue Engineering. Restoring Voice.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350 (6263): 908–909.
A journal article with 3 authors
Szemenyei, Heidi, Mike Hannon, and Jeff A. Long. 2008. “TOPLESS Mediates Auxin-Dependent Transcriptional Repression during Arabidopsis Embryogenesis.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5868): 1384–1386.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Peng, Nan, Ning Meng, Shengqing Wang, Fei Zhao, Jing Zhao, Le Su, Shangli Zhang, Yun Zhang, Baoxiang Zhao, and Junying Miao. 2014. “An Activator of MTOR Inhibits OxLDL-Induced Autophagy and Apoptosis in Vascular Endothelial Cells and Restricts Atherosclerosis in Apolipoprotein E/ Mice.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair, Robert. 2011. Organic Production and Food Quality. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Coluccia, Giulio. 2015. Compressed Sensing for Distributed Systems. Edited by Chiara Ravazzi and Enrico Magli. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Werfel, Justin. 2012. “Collective Construction with Robot Swarms.” In Morphogenetic Engineering: Toward Programmable Complex Systems, edited by René Doursat, Hiroki Sayama, and Olivier Michel, 115–140. Understanding Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary European Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2016. “Watch What Happens When A Cat Tries To Eat A Live Octopus.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. School District Claim to Department of Air Force. B-193864. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fountain, Jason Morgan. 2014. “Differences in Generational Work Values in America and Their Implications for Educational Leadership: A Longitudinal Test of Twenge’s Model.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, John. 2017. “A Ratings Milestone For ‘Game of Thrones.’” New York Times, August 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalcanton 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dalcanton 2009; Long and Chhetri 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Long and Chhetri 2015)
  • Three authors: (Szemenyei, Hannon, and Long 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Peng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary European Studies
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Eur. Stud.
ISSN (print)1478-2804
ISSN (online)1478-2790
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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