How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary European Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary European Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benford, G. 2001. “Where Might It Lead?” Nature 414 (6862): 399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collins, Sinéad, and Graham Bell. 2004. “Phenotypic Consequences of 1,000 Generations of Selection at Elevated CO2 in a Green Alga.” Nature 431 (7008): 566–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitrovica, Jerry X., Natalya Gomez, and Peter U. Clark. 2009. “The Sea-Level Fingerprint of West Antarctic Collapse.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5915): 753.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bessereau, J. L., A. Wright, D. C. Williams, K. Schuske, M. W. Davis, and E. M. Jorgensen. 2001. “Mobilization of a Drosophila Transposon in the Caenorhabditis Elegans Germ Line.” Nature 413 (6851): 70–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, Phillip I. 2006. A Manager’s Guide to the Design and Conduct of Clinical Trials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Prodi, G., ed. 2011. Eigenvalues of Non-Linear Problems. Vol. 67. C.I.M.E. Summer Schools. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gless, Sabine. 2013. “Germany: Balancing Truth Against Protected Constitutional Interests.” In Exclusionary Rules in Comparative Law, edited by Stephen C. Thaman, 113–142. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary European Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. “Liquid Water May Once Have Flowed On Vesta.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Managing Competing Pressures Is Critical to Achieving Program Goals. GAO-03-1012T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ivy, Robert. 2017. “Regional Subsurface Investigation of the Uppermost Cretaceous of Northern Louisiana.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Mets Form Dream Infield, for a Chiropractor.” New York Times, February 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benford 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Benford 2001; Collins and Bell 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collins and Bell 2004)
  • Three authors: (Mitrovica, Gomez, and Clark 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bessereau et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary European Studies
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Eur. Stud.
ISSN (print)1478-2804
ISSN (online)1478-2790
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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