How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary European Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary European Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kasevich, Mark A. 2002. “Coherence with Atoms.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5597): 1363–1368.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stevens, R. C., and I. A. Wilson. 2001. “Tech.Sight. Industrializing Structural Biology.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5529): 519–520.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duan, L. M., J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller. 2001. “Geometric Manipulation of Trapped Ions for Quantum Computation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292 (5522): 1695–1697.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Santer, Benjamin D., Stephen Po-Chedley, Mark D. Zelinka, Ivana Cvijanovic, Céline Bonfils, Paul J. Durack, Qiang Fu, et al. 2018. “Human Influence on the Seasonal Cycle of Tropospheric Temperature.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 361 (6399).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott, Allan W., and Rex Frobenius. 2008. RF Measurements for Cellular Phones and Wireless Data Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Van de Laar, Pierre, and Teade Punter, eds. 2011. Views on Evolvability of Embedded Systems. Embedded Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Reinaldo, Francisco, Rui Camacho, Luís P. Reis, and Demétrio Renó Magalhães. 2009. “Fine-Tune Artificial Neural Networks Automatically.” In Proceedings of the European Computing Conference: Volume 1, edited by Nikos Mastorakis, Valeri Mladenov, and Vassiliki T. Kontargyri, 39–43. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary European Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “From Living Computers To Nano-Robots: How We’re Taking DNA Beyond Genetics.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Federal Research Grants: Maintaining Public Accountability Without Inhibiting Creative Research. 094378. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkinson, Brian. 2017. “You Got to Pray Just to Make It Today: The Relationship between Disclosure Disconnects, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment among Atheistic Employees.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2009. “Moving From Team Sport to Lifelong Fitness.” New York Times, January 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kasevich 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kasevich 2002; Stevens and Wilson 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stevens and Wilson 2001)
  • Three authors: (Duan, Cirac, and Zoller 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Santer et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary European Studies
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Eur. Stud.
ISSN (print)1478-2804
ISSN (online)1478-2790
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles