How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary European Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary European Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, David. 2009. “Japan Election Sparks Science Pledges.” Nature 460 (7258): 938.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sur, Mriganka, and John L. R. Rubenstein. 2005. “Patterning and Plasticity of the Cerebral Cortex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5749): 805–810.
A journal article with 3 authors
Surdutovich, Eugene, Alexander V. Yakubovich, and Andrey V. Solov’yov. 2013. “Biodamage via Shock Waves Initiated by Irradiation with Ions.” Scientific Reports 3: 1289.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Müller, J., F. Merget, S. Sharif Azadeh, J. Hauck, S. Romero García, B. Shen, and J. Witzens. 2014. “Optical Peaking Enhancement in High-Speed Ring Modulators.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies, Joshua. 2010. Implementing SSL/TLS Using Cryptography and PKI. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Angelis, Elena, Mark A. J. Chaplain, and Nicola Bellomo, eds. 2008. Selected Topics in Cancer Modeling: Genesis, Evolution, Immune Competition, and Therapy. Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Shih, Chia-Yen, Jesús Capitán, Pedro José Marrón, Antidio Viguria, Francisco Alarcón, Marc Schwarzbach, Maximilian Laiacker, Konstantin Kondak, José Ramiro Martínez-de Dios, and Aníbal Ollero. 2014. “On the Cooperation between Mobile Robots and Wireless Sensor Networks.” In Cooperative Robots and Sensor Networks 2014, edited by Anis Koubaa and Abdelmajid Khelil, 67–86. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary European Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Check Out This New Stunning Survey Of The Distant Universe.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. NASA Property: Poor Lending Practices and Controls at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. NSIAD-94-116. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Binkley, Paul Michael. 2012. “Relationship of Graduate Student Involvement to Graduate Alumni Donor Behavior.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. 2017. “Dempsey’s Hat Trick Seals a Win and Steadies a World Cup Campaign.” New York Times, March 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2009; Sur and Rubenstein 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sur and Rubenstein 2005)
  • Three authors: (Surdutovich, Yakubovich, and Solov’yov 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Müller et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary European Studies
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Eur. Stud.
ISSN (print)1478-2804
ISSN (online)1478-2790
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles