How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary European Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary European Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brauman, John I. 2008. “Chemistry. Not so Simple.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5860): 168.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jain, Sumeet, and Frank S. Bates. 2003. “On the Origins of Morphological Complexity in Block Copolymer Surfactants.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5618): 460–464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Makovicky, Peter J., Sebastián Apesteguía, and Federico L. Agnolín. 2005. “The Earliest Dromaeosaurid Theropod from South America.” Nature 437 (7061): 1007–1011.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Watts, Raymond D., Roger W. Compton, John H. McCammon, Carl L. Rich, Stewart M. Wright, Tom Owens, and Douglas S. Ouren. 2007. “Roadless Space of the Conterminous United States.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5825): 736–738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eden, Amnon H. 2011. Codecharts. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jonker, Willem, and Milan Petković, eds. 2010. Secure Data Management: 7th VLDB Workshop, SDM 2010, Singapore, September 17, 2010. Proceedings. Vol. 6358. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kolobov, Alexander V., and Junji Tominaga. 2012. “Photo-Induced Anisotropy.” In Chalcogenides: Metastability and Phase Change Phenomena, edited by Junji Tominaga, 103–121. Springer Series in Materials Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary European Studies.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2015. “Check Out An Old Toothbrush Vs A New Toothbrush Under An Electron Microscope.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Traffic Safety: Alcohol Ignition Interlocks Are Effective While Installed; Less Is Known about How to Increase Installation Rates. GAO-14-559. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farhad, Keyvan. 2015. “Development of a Web-Based Educational Resource on the Most Effective Micronutrients in the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, Susan. 2014. “Soaring on Paper Wings.” New York Times, October 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brauman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Brauman 2008; Jain and Bates 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jain and Bates 2003)
  • Three authors: (Makovicky, Apesteguía, and Agnolín 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Watts et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary European Studies
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Eur. Stud.
ISSN (print)1478-2804
ISSN (online)1478-2790
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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