How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary European Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary European Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levinson, P. 2000. “The Enduring Test.” Nature 404 (6781): 937.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hong, Sungchan, and Takeshi Asai. 2014. “Effect of Panel Shape of Soccer Ball on Its Flight Characteristics.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 5068.
A journal article with 3 authors
Galli, Stephen J., Mindy Tsai, and Adrian M. Piliponsky. 2008. “The Development of Allergic Inflammation.” Nature 454 (7203): 445–454.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lin, Shishi, Sergei Dikler, William D. Blincoe, Ronald D. Ferguson, Robert P. Sheridan, Zhengwei Peng, Donald V. Conway, et al. 2018. “Mapping the Dark Space of Chemical Reactions with Extended Nanomole Synthesis and MALDI-TOF MS.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 361 (6402).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodhew, Steve. 2016. Sustainable Construction Processes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lee, Wenke, Cliff Wang, and David Dagon, eds. 2008. Botnet Detection: Countering the Largest Security Threat. Vol. 36. Advances in Information Security. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, Lu Pien. 2015. “Developing Critical Reflection Through Audio and Video Technology for Some Singapore Primary School Mathematics Teachers.” In Cases of Mathematics Professional Development in East Asian Countries: Using Video to Support Grounded Analysis, edited by Swee Fong Ng, 39–60. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary European Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “NASA Plans To Send People To Mars By 2035.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Children’s Television Act: FCC Could Improve Efforts to Oversee Enforcement and Provide Public Information. GAO-11-659. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tuinenga, Jennifer M. 2010. “John Corigliano’s Sonata for Violin and Piano: An Analysis of Context, Structure, and Style.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2006. “Long Island Weekend: A 48-Hour Treadmill of Activity -- Saturday.” New York Times, November 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levinson 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Levinson 2000; Hong and Asai 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hong and Asai 2014)
  • Three authors: (Galli, Tsai, and Piliponsky 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lin et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary European Studies
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Eur. Stud.
ISSN (print)1478-2804
ISSN (online)1478-2790
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles