How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart, M. (2003). Structural biology. Nuclear trafficking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5650), 1513–1514.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillips, G. N., & Evans, K. A. (2004). Role of CO2 in the formation of gold deposits. Nature, 429(6994), 860–863.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halberda, J., Mazzocco, M. M. M., & Feigenson, L. (2008). Individual differences in non-verbal number acuity correlate with maths achievement. Nature, 455(7213), 665–668.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Potapova, T. A., Daum, J. R., Pittman, B. D., Hudson, J. R., Jones, T. N., Satinover, D. L., et al. (2006). The reversibility of mitotic exit in vertebrate cells. Nature, 440(7086), 954–958.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ledolter, J. (2013). Data Mining and Business Analytics with R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Soh, K.-S., Kang, K. A., & Harrison, D. K. (Eds.). (2012). The Primo Vascular System: Its Role in Cancer and Regeneration (1st ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, M., & Nakao, A. (2011). Feather-Weight Network Namespace Isolation Based on User-Specific Addressing and Routing in Commodity OS. In T. Magedanz, A. Gavras, N. H. Thanh, & J. S. Chase (Eds.), Testbeds and Research Infrastructures. Development of Networks and Communities: 6th International ICST Conference, TridentCom 2010, Berlin, Germany, May 18-20, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 53–68). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Higher Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 3). Astronomers Believe They’re Witnessing The Birth Of A New Planet. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). University Research: Controlling Inappropriate Access to Federally Funded Research Results (No. RCED-92-104). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barrie, D. B. (2010). On the interaction of wind energy with climate and weather (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. (2015, June 24). Colombia Military Accused of Deception on Deaths. New York Times, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stewart 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Phillips and Evans 2004; Stewart 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Phillips and Evans 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Potapova et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Comput. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)1042-1726
ISSN (online)1867-1233

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