How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pleasants, S. (2014). Epidemiology: a moving target. Nature, 515(7526), S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottlieb, R. A., & Bernstein, D. (2015). METABOLISM. Mitochondria shape cardiac metabolism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6265), 1162–1163.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lehmann, E., Brueckner, F., & Cramer, P. (2007). Molecular basis of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase II activity. Nature, 450(7168), 445–449.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Deng, X., Yin, X., Allan, R., Lu, D. D., Maurer, C. W., Haimovitz-Friedman, A., et al. (2008). Ceramide biogenesis is required for radiation-induced apoptosis in the germ line of C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5898), 110–115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wiebe, V. J. (2015). Drug Therapy for Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Csató, G. (2012). The Pullback Equation for Differential Forms. (B. Dacorogna & O. Kneuss, Eds.) (Vol. 83). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Hindriks, K. V., & Roberti, T. (2009). GOAL as a Planning Formalism. In L. Braubach, W. van der Hoek, P. Petta, & A. Pokahr (Eds.), Multiagent System Technologies: 7th German Conference, MATES 2009, Hamburg, Germany, September 9-11, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 29–40). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Higher Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, December 11). North America’s Oldest Horned Dinosaur Would Fit Snuggly in Your Arms. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). NASA: Assessments of Major Projects (No. GAO-16-309SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stroot, P. G. (2004). Novel Reverse Transcription Method Confirms Growth Inhibition of Bacteria Exposed to Domestic Wastewater (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2011, April 30). Michigan: Koran-Burning Pastor Draws a Boisterous Crowd. New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pleasants 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gottlieb and Bernstein 2015; Pleasants 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gottlieb and Bernstein 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Deng et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Comput. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)1042-1726
ISSN (online)1867-1233

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