How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu, P. J. (2004). Early precision compound machine from ancient China. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5677), 1638.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gut, P., & Verdin, E. (2013). The nexus of chromatin regulation and intermediary metabolism. Nature, 502(7472), 489–498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knigge, C., Coe, M. J., & Podsiadlowski, P. (2011). Two populations of X-ray pulsars produced by two types of supernova. Nature, 479(7373), 372–375.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Heppner, F. L., Musahl, C., Arrighi, I., Klein, M. A., Rülicke, T., Oesch, B., et al. (2001). Prevention of scrapie pathogenesis by transgenic expression of anti-prion protein antibodies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5540), 178–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klöpffer, W. (2012). Verhalten und Abbau von Umweltchemikalien. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Gross, R., Sidorenko, A., & Tagirov, L. (Eds.). (2006). Nanoscale Devices - Fundamentals and Applications (Vol. 233). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Tan, C. H. (2008). Signcryption Scheme in Multi-user Setting without Random Oracles. In K. Matsuura & E. Fujisaki (Eds.), Advances in Information and Computer Security: Third International Workshop on Security, IWSEC 2008, Kagawa, Japan, November 25-27, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 64–82). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Higher Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 14). Hovercraft Coming To Market in 2017. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Comments on Department of Education Use of Subsequent-Year Appropriations (No. B-236667). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghadimian, V. (2017). Renewable Energy Marketplace (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. (2016, August 5). Worn With Pride. New York Times, p. MB9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lu 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gut and Verdin 2013; Lu 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gut and Verdin 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Heppner et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Comput. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)1042-1726
ISSN (online)1867-1233

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