How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clevers, H. (2015). STEM CELLS. What is an adult stem cell? Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6266), 1319–1320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubin, D., & Vogelmann, A. M. (2006). A climatologically significant aerosol longwave indirect effect in the Arctic. Nature, 439(7075), 453–456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pryke, S. R., Rollins, L. A., & Griffith, S. C. (2010). Females use multiple mating and genetically loaded sperm competition to target compatible genes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5994), 964–967.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kuwatani, T., Nagata, K., Okada, M., Watanabe, T., Ogawa, Y., Komai, T., & Tsuchiya, N. (2014). Machine-learning techniques for geochemical discrimination of 2011 Tohoku tsunami deposits. Scientific reports, 4, 7077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raj, P. P., & Erdine, S. (2012). Pain-Relieving Procedures. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Rose, A. (Ed.). (2015). Anticoagulation Management: A Guidebook for Pharmacists (1st ed. 2015.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bourezak, R., & Bilodeau, G.-A. (2006). Iterative Division and Correlograms for Detection and Tracking of Moving Objects. In N. Zheng, X. Jiang, & X. Lan (Eds.), Advances in Machine Vision, Image Processing, and Pattern Analysis: International Workshop on Intelligent Computing in Pattern Analysis/Synthesis, IWICPAS 2006 Xi’an, China, August 26-27, 2006 Proceedings (pp. 46–55). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Higher Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, August 18). Against All Odds, AI Is Owning Humans At A Poker Tournament. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Air Traffic Control: Issues Presented by Proposal to Create a Government Corporation (No. T-RCED-95-114). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tang, J. (2013). Understanding the college experiences of Cambodian American students (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, December 4). Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, p. C32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clevers 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Clevers 2015; Lubin and Vogelmann 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lubin and Vogelmann 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuwatani et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Comput. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)1042-1726
ISSN (online)1867-1233

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