How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, O. (2001). Chemistry. Nota bene: know thine enemy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5545), 1298.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oncescu, V., & Erickson, D. (2013). High volumetric power density, non-enzymatic, glucose fuel cells. Scientific reports, 3, 1226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Webber, B. L., Le Maitre, D. C., & Kriticos, D. J. (2012). Comment on “Climatic niche shifts are rare among terrestrial plant invaders.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6104), 193; author reply 193.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schwab, J. M., Chiang, N., Arita, M., & Serhan, C. N. (2007). Resolvin E1 and protectin D1 activate inflammation-resolution programmes. Nature, 447(7146), 869–874.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D. (2014). The JCT Standard Building Contract 2011. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Thalheim, B., Schewe, K.-D., Prinz, A., & Buchberger, B. (Eds.). (2015). Correct Software in Web Applications and Web Services. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Roşu, G., Chen, F., & Ball, T. (2008). Synthesizing Monitors for Safety Properties: This Time with Calls and Returns. In M. Leucker (Ed.), Runtime Verification: 8th International Workshop, RV 2008, Budapest, Hungary, March 30, 2008. Selected Papers (pp. 51–68). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Higher Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 20). Volcano Eruptions In Alaska Could Cause Trans-Atlantic Chaos For Airlines. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Federal Assistance Provided to Institutions of Higher Education (No. 100130). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nistal França, F. J. (2017). Nondestructive Evaluation of Southern Pine Lumber (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, June 5). Ruling Helps Prosecutors In Death Penalty Cases. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Oncescu and Erickson 2013; Smith 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oncescu and Erickson 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Schwab et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Comput. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)1042-1726
ISSN (online)1867-1233

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