How to format your references using the Journal of Computing in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computing in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright, J. (2014). Nanotechnology: Deliver on a promise. Nature, 509(7502), S58-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, J., & Bradford, M. (2007). 2007 visualization challenge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5846), 1857.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, G., Kennedy, M. J., & Christie-Blick, N. (2003). Stable isotopic evidence for methane seeps in Neoproterozoic postglacial cap carbonates. Nature, 426(6968), 822–826.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Caramazza, A., Chialant, D., Capasso, R., & Miceli, G. (2000). Separable processing of consonants and vowels. Nature, 403(6768), 428–430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chitty, J., & Raftery, A. (2013). Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Panda, M., Dehuri, S., & Wang, G.-N. (Eds.). (2014). Social Networking: Mining, Visualization, and Security (Vol. 65). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Andrade, W. L., Machado, P. D. L., Alves, E. L. G., & Almeida, D. R. (2009). Test Case Generation of Embedded Real-Time Systems with Interruptions for FreeRTOS. In M. V. M. Oliveira & J. Woodcock (Eds.), Formal Methods: Foundations and Applications: 12th Brazilian Symposium on Formal Methods, SBMF 2009 Gramado, Brazil, August 19-21, 2009 Revised Selected Papers (pp. 54–69). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computing in Higher Education.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, October 10). Post-Sex Cannibalism In Spiders Is The Ultimate Parental Sacrifice. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Space Shuttle: Need to Sustain Launch Risk Assessment Process Improvements (No. NSIAD-96-73). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scuderi, N. F. (2010). Servant leadership and transformational leadership in church organizations (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M. (2017, June 16). Pennsylvania Lawsuit Is Latest to Call House Redistricting a Partisan Gerrymander. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wright 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Nesbit and Bradford 2007; Wright 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nesbit and Bradford 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Caramazza et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computing in Higher Education
AbbreviationJ. Comput. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)1042-1726
ISSN (online)1867-1233

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