How to format your references using the The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paulsson, J., 2004. Summing up the noise in gene networks. Nature 427, 415–418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hill, R.A., Barton, R.A., 2005. Psychology: red enhances human performance in contests. Nature 435, 293.
A journal article with 3 authors
Munsky, B., Neuert, G., van Oudenaarden, A., 2012. Using gene expression noise to understand gene regulation. Science 336, 183–187.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Frank, M.J., Samanta, J., Moustafa, A.A., Sherman, S.J., 2007. Hold your horses: impulsivity, deep brain stimulation, and medication in parkinsonism. Science 318, 1309–1312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenberger, W.R., 2005. Risk-Adjusted Lending Conditions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Mori, K. (Ed.), 2014. The Olfactory System: From Odor Molecules to Motivational Behaviors. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Dorożyński, T., Kuna-Marszałek, A., 2016. Attracting FDI to the New EU Member States, in: Trąpczyński, P., Puślecki, Ł., Jarosiński, M. (Eds.), Competitiveness of CEE Economies and Businesses: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Challenges and Opportunities. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 65–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. You Can Buy A Cube Made Of Every Collectible Element On Earth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Executive Office of the President: Analysis of Mandated Report on Key Information Technology Areas (No. GAO-02-779R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Encarnacion, M., 2014. Does the use of clickers while incorporating small groups discussion increase student learning in the chemistry classroom (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2005. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Foreign Interference Condemned. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paulsson, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hill and Barton, 2005; Paulsson, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hill and Barton, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Frank et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences
AbbreviationEgypt. J. Remote Sens. Space Sci.
ISSN (print)1110-9823
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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