How to format your references using the The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenwood, B., 2004. Between hope and a hard place. Nature 430, 926–927.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lasaga, A.C., Luttge, A., 2001. Variation of crystal dissolution rate based on a dissolution stepwave model. Science 291, 2400–2404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dharmawardhana, C.C., Misra, A., Ching, W.-Y., 2014. Quantum mechanical metric for internal cohesion in cement crystals. Sci. Rep. 4, 7332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alford, M., Blaschke, D., Drago, A., Klähn, T., Pagliara, G., Schaffner-Bielich, J., 2007. Astrophysics: quark matter in compact stars? Nature 445, E7-8; discussion E8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norwitz, E.R., Belfort, M.A., Saade, G.R., Miller, H., 2010. Obstetric Clinical Algorithms: Management and Evidence. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Gaaloul, K., Schmidt, R., Nurcan, S., Guerreiro, S., Ma, Q. (Eds.), 2015. Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 16th International Conference, BPMDS 2015, 20th International Conference, EMMSAD 2015, Held at CAiSE 2015, Stockholm, Sweden, June 8-9, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Oquendo, F., Leite, J., Batista, T., 2016. Specifying Behavior of Software Architectures, in: Leite, J., Batista, T. (Eds.), Software Architecture in Action: Designing and Executing Architectural Models with SysADL Grounded on the OMG SysML Standard, Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 65–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Flexible Electronic Implants Wrap Around Tissues [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Student Aid Information and Private Tuition-Guarantee Programs (No. T-PEMD-91-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pham, A.T., 2012. Factorization of polynomials modulo a prime (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, E., 2017. Fraud Culture Rises in India, Aiming at U.S. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenwood, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Greenwood, 2004; Lasaga and Luttge, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lasaga and Luttge, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Alford et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences
AbbreviationEgypt. J. Remote Sens. Space Sci.
ISSN (print)1110-9823
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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