How to format your references using the Bioengineered citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioengineered. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hormoz S. Amino acid composition of proteins reduces deleterious impact of mutations. Sci Rep 2013; 3:2919.
A journal article with 2 authors
Song WJ, Tezcan FA. A designed supramolecular protein assembly with in vivo enzymatic activity. Science 2014; 346:1525–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Imaizumi K, Shih JY, Farris HE. Global hyper-synchronous spontaneous activity in the developing optic tectum. Sci Rep 2013; 3:1552.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Abujarour R, Valamehr B, Robinson M, Rezner B, Vranceanu F, Flynn P. Optimized surface markers for the prospective isolation of high-quality hiPSCs using flow cytometry selection. Sci Rep 2013; 3:1179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maudlin T. Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Fernandez B. Unravelling the Mystery of the Atomic Nucleus: A Sixty Year Journey 1896 — 1956. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Taiana R-D. Systematics and Ecology of Tropical Ectomycorrhizal Fungi Using Molecular Approaches. In: Rai M, Varma A, editors. Diversity and Biotechnology of Ectomycorrhizae. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. page 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioengineered.

Blog post
Andrew E. Watch Live Webcast Of Thursday’s Partial Solar Eclipse [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airline Deregulation: Barriers to Entry Continue to Limit Competition in Several Key Domestic Markets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ports MO. Laterally associated proteins modulate α6 integrin cleavage, a permissive process utilized during cancer metastasis. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B, Wang V, Piccoli S. 3 Men From Shelter Held in Sexual Assault on Woman Leaving Church. New York Times2017; :A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBioengineered
AbbreviationBioeng. Bugs
ISSN (print)1949-1018
ISSN (online)1949-1026
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles