How to format your references using the Annual Review of Physical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Physical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen D. 2005. Nuts and bolts. Nature. 433(7025):554
A journal article with 2 authors
Nijhout HF, Grunert LW. 2010. The cellular and physiological mechanism of wing-body scaling in Manduca sexta. Science. 330(6011):1693–95
A journal article with 3 authors
Behie SW, Zelisko PM, Bidochka MJ. 2012. Endophytic insect-parasitic fungi translocate nitrogen directly from insects to plants. Science. 336(6088):1576–77
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hubbert C, Guardiola A, Shao R, Kawaguchi Y, Ito A, et al. 2002. HDAC6 is a microtubule-associated deacetylase. Nature. 417(6887):455–58

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adam C. 2016. Forensic Evidence in Court. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Szyszczak E, Gronden JW van de, eds. 2013. Financing Services of General Economic Interest: Reform and Modernization. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press. XVIII, 298 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Rainov NG, Whittle IR, Doh-ura K. 2005. Treatment Options in Patients with Prion Disease - the Role of Long Term Cerebroventricular Infusion of Pentosan Polysulphate. In Prions: Food and Drug Safety, ed T Kitamoto, pp. 41–66. Tokyo: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Physical Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Baby Raccoon Climbs Tree With A Lot Of Help From Its Mom. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Commercial Motor Carriers: More Could Be Done to Determine Impact of Excessive Loading and Unloading Wait Times on Hours of Service Violations. GAO-11-198, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Phelps-Hillen JL. 2017. Institutional Review Boards and Writing Studies Research: A Justice-Oriented Study. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2010. Bond Between Generations, With Football On the Side. New York Times, Nov. 28, p. SP1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Physical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Phys. Chem.
ISSN (print)0066-426X
ISSN (online)1545-1593
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry

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