How to format your references using the Annual Review of Physical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Physical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morrow R. 2008. Engineering. Wi-Fi-Fo-Fum. Science. 320(5879):1018–19
A journal article with 2 authors
Weaver M, Krasnow MA. 2008. Dual origin of tissue-specific progenitor cells in Drosophila tracheal remodeling. Science. 321(5895):1496–99
A journal article with 3 authors
Gray-Schopfer V, Wellbrock C, Marais R. 2007. Melanoma biology and new targeted therapy. Nature. 445(7130):851–57
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oria R, Wiegand T, Escribano J, Elosegui-Artola A, Uriarte JJ, et al. 2017. Force loading explains spatial sensing of ligands by cells. Nature. 552(7684):219–24

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qiu RG. 2014. Service Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shin JC, Postiglione GA, Huang F, eds. 2015. Mass Higher Education Development in East Asia: Strategy, Quality, and Challenges, Vol. 2. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XIX, 371 p. 52 illus., 39 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Monti G, Greco M, Cabrini L. 2016. May an “Early” Renal Replacement Therapy Improve Survival? In Reducing Mortality in Acute Kidney Injury, ed G Landoni, A Pisano, A Zangrillo, R Bellomo, pp. 51–58. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Physical Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Earthquakes Can Trigger Aftershocks In Faults Hundreds Of Kilometers Away. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. FCC: Ka-Band Satellite Application and Licensing Procedure. OGC-98-15, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wenger MC. 2011. Free-choice family learning experiences at informal astronomy observing events. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. 2017. For Some Major Leaguers, It’s Always Great to See ‘Friends.’ New York Times, Sep. 18, p. D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Physical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Phys. Chem.
ISSN (print)0066-426X
ISSN (online)1545-1593
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry

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