How to format your references using the Annual Review of Physical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Physical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strohman R. 2002. Maneuvering in the complex path from genotype to phenotype. Science. 296(5568):701–3
A journal article with 2 authors
Bliss T, Schoepfer R. 2004. Neuroscience. Controlling the ups and downs of synaptic strength. Science. 304(5673):973–74
A journal article with 3 authors
Pielke R Jr, Wigley T, Green C. 2008. Dangerous assumptions. Nature. 452(7187):531–32
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Roerink SF, Sasaki N, Lee-Six H, Young MD, Alexandrov LB, et al. 2018. Intra-tumour diversification in colorectal cancer at the single-cell level. Nature. 556(7702):457–62

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cerroni L, Gatter K, Kerl H. 2009. Skin Lymphoma: The Illustrated Guide. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell
An edited book
Chriss N. 2010. Representation Theory and Complex Geometry. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser. X, 495 p. 5 illus p. 1st ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Yehudai A. 2010. Perspective on Computer Science Education. In Teaching Fundamentals Concepts of Informatics: 4th International Conference on Informatics in Secondary Schools - Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2010, Zurich, Switzerland, January 13-15, 2010. Proceedings, ed J Hromkovič, R Královič, J Vahrenhold, pp. 35–35. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Physical Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2016. The Life-Changing Love Of One Of The 20th Century’s Greatest Physicists. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Federal Communications Commission: Review of the Commission’s Regulations Governing Attribution Ownership Rule. OGC-00-1, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karriem KL. 2010. The relationship between stress and emotional intelligence among direct-care workers. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. 2000. First, There Was Parrying With Mother. New York Times, Aug. 30, p. D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Physical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Phys. Chem.
ISSN (print)0066-426X
ISSN (online)1545-1593
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry

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