How to format your references using the Annual Review of Physical Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Physical Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger K. 2002. Private foundations push for higher postdoc salaries. Nature. 415(6868):5
A journal article with 2 authors
Riordan O, Warnke L. 2011. Explosive percolation is continuous. Science. 333(6040):322–24
A journal article with 3 authors
Arash B, Wang Q, Varadan VK. 2014. Mechanical properties of carbon nanotube/polymer composites. Sci. Rep. 4:6479
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee E, Lee SJ, Koskimaki JE, Han Z, Pandey NB, Popel AS. 2014. Inhibition of breast cancer growth and metastasis by a biomimetic peptide. Sci. Rep. 4:7139

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Institute of Timber Constr. 2012. Timber Construction Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Skouras E. 2013. Stimulation of Trigeminal Afferents Improves Motor Recovery After Facial Nerve Injury: Functional, Electrophysiological and Morphological Proofs, Vol. 213. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XV, 110 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Gohlke M, Beaudoin JF, Amielh M, Anselmet F. 2009. Effect of Unsteady Separation on an Automotive Bluff-Body in Cross-Wind. In IUTAM Symposium on Unsteady Separated Flows and their Control: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium “Unsteady Separated Flows and their Control“, Corfu, Greece, 18–22 June 2007, ed M Braza, K Hourigan, pp. 35–46. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Physical Chemistry.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2017. How Rain Helped Shaped The Surface Of Mars. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. [Comments on Responsibility for Peacetime Administration of Ready Reserve Fleet]. B-229174.2, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wisdom V. 2015. Reverie: A portal to the numinous—an exploration into early childhood psychospiritual awareness. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB. 2016. Tax Cuts for Americans Like Trump. New York Times, Sep. 2, p. B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Physical Chemistry
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Phys. Chem.
ISSN (print)0066-426X
ISSN (online)1545-1593
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry

Other styles