How to format your references using the Bone Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bone Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shelton, J., 2011. Scientists and the media must give a balanced view. Nature 479, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oka, T., McCall, B.J., 2011. Astronomy. Disclosing identities in diffuse interstellar bands. Science 331, 293–294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vasudevan, S., Tong, Y., Steitz, J.A., 2007. Switching from repression to activation: microRNAs can up-regulate translation. Science 318, 1931–1934.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schopf, J.W., Kudryavtsev, A.B., Agresti, D.G., Wdowiak, T.J., Czaja, A.D., 2002. Laser--Raman imagery of Earth’s earliest fossils. Nature 416, 73–76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balani, K., Verma, V., Agarwal, A., Narayan, R., 2014. Biosurfaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kobayashi, T., Schmid, W., Yang, J.-H. (Eds.), 2008. Representation Theory and Automorphic Forms, Progress in Mathematics. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Lopes, A., Oliveira, S., Fragoso, M., Andrade, J.A., Pedro, P., 2009. Wind Risk Assessment in Urban Environments: The Case of Falling Trees During Windstorm Events in Lisbon, in: Střelcová, K., Mátyás, C., Kleidon, A., Lapin, M., Matejka, F., Blaženec, M., Škvarenina, J., Holécy, J. (Eds.), Bioclimatology and Natural Hazards. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 55–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bone Reports.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Terrifying Robo-Priest Gives You Blessings And Haunts Your Dreams [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Information Technology: SBA Needs to Strengthen Oversight of Its Loan Management and Accounting System Modernization (No. GAO-12-395T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yobby, J., 2017. Application of Genetic Algorithm Optimization of Thermodynamic Fluids Designs (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cunningham, J., 2017. Spotting Celebrities on His Lunch Break. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shelton, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Oka and McCall, 2011; Shelton, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oka and McCall, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Schopf et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBone Reports
AbbreviationBone Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-1872

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