How to format your references using the Bone Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bone Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami, G.F., 2000. A 1,000-year chain of thinkers. Nature 404, 227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pfeiffer, B.E., Foster, D.J., 2013. Hippocampal place-cell sequences depict future paths to remembered goals. Nature 497, 74–79.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharon, E., Cohen, G., Fineberg, J., 2001. Propagating solitary waves along a rapidly moving crack front. Nature 410, 68–71.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Silva, J.M., Marran, K., Parker, J.S., Silva, J., Golding, M., Schlabach, M.R., Elledge, S.J., Hannon, G.J., Chang, K., 2008. Profiling essential genes in human mammary cells by multiplex RNAi screening. Science 319, 617–620.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pardoux, É., 2008. Markov Processes and Applications: Algorithms, Networks, Genome and Finance, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Witzany, G. (Ed.), 2011. Biocommunication in Soil Microorganisms, Soil Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhan, L., Nie, Z., Ye, J., Wang, Y., Jin, Y., Jahanshad, N., Prasad, G., de Zubicaray, G.I., McMahon, K.L., Martin, N.G., Wright, M.J., Thompson, P.M., 2014. Multiple Stages Classification of Alzheimer’s Disease Based on Structural Brain Networks Using Generalized Low Rank Approximations (GLRAM), in: O’Donnell, L., Nedjati-Gilani, G., Rathi, Y., Reisert, M., Schneider, T. (Eds.), Computational Diffusion MRI: MICCAI Workshop, Boston, MA, USA, September 2014, Mathematics and Visualization. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bone Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Five Myths About Gravitational Waves [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Railroad Safety: DOD Can Improve the Safety of On-Base Track and Equipment (No. RCED-91-135). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kalafut, A.J., 2010. Proactive cyberfraud detection through infrastructure analysis (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2012. Untouchable Pensions May Be Tested in California. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bignami, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bignami, 2000; Pfeiffer and Foster, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pfeiffer and Foster, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Silva et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBone Reports
AbbreviationBone Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-1872

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