How to format your references using the Bone Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bone Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, D., 2000. A surprising simplicity to protein folding. Nature 405, 39–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stroscio, J.A., Celotta, R.J., 2004. Controlling the dynamics of a single atom in lateral atom manipulation. Science 306, 242–247.
A journal article with 3 authors
Provenzano, V., Shapiro, A.J., Shull, R.D., 2004. Reduction of hysteresis losses in the magnetic refrigerant Gd5Ge2Si2 by the addition of iron. Nature 429, 853–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Domian, I.J., Chiravuri, M., van der Meer, P., Feinberg, A.W., Shi, X., Shao, Y., Wu, S.M., Parker, K.K., Chien, K.R., 2009. Generation of functional ventricular heart muscle from mouse ventricular progenitor cells. Science 326, 426–429.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Traitler, H., Coleman, B., Hofmann, K., 2015. Food Industry Design, Technology and Innovation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fernández-Prieto, D., Sabia, R. (Eds.), 2016. Remote Sensing Advances for Earth System Science: The ESA Changing Earth Science Network: Projects 2011-2013, Springer Earth System Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gent, M.R.A., 2005. On the Stability of Rock Slopes, in: Zimmermann, C., Dean, R.G., Penchev, V., Verhagen, H.J. (Eds.), Environmentally Friendly Coastal Protection: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Environmentally Friendly Coastal Protection Structures Varna, Bulgaria 25–27 May 2004, NATO Science Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bone Reports.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. New Zealand’s 7.8M Earthquake Really Messed Up The Environment [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Kachemak Bay Ferry: Federally Funded Ferry Was Constructed with Limited Oversight and Faces Future Operating Challenges (No. GAO-12-559). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeClerk, C.C., 2008. The relationship between retail store manager leadership styles and employee generational cohort, performance, and satisfaction (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin, S., 2013. They Owe You: Compensation for Your Troubles. New York Times TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2000; Stroscio and Celotta, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stroscio and Celotta, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Domian et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleBone Reports
AbbreviationBone Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-1872

Other styles