How to format your references using the Bone Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bone Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M., 2011. Vaccines: a moving target. Nature 474, S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hirschberg, J., Manning, C.D., 2015. Advances in natural language processing. Science 349, 261–266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carlson, R.W., Boyet, M., Horan, M., 2007. Chondrite barium, neodymium, and samarium isotopic heterogeneity and early Earth differentiation. Science 316, 1175–1178.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Klass, K.-D., Zompro, O., Kristensen, N.P., Adis, J., 2002. Mantophasmatodea: a new insect order with extant members in the Afrotropics. Science 296, 1456–1459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coleman, D.D., Westcott, D.A., Harkins, B.E., 2016. CWSP®: Certified Wireless Security Professional Study Guide CWSP-205. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
Arase, D. (Ed.), 2016. China’s Rise and Changing Order in East Asia, Politics and Development of Contemporary China. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Yengoh, G.T., Dent, D., Olsson, L., Tengberg, A.E., Tucker, C.J., 2016. Limits to the Use of NDVI in Land Degradation Assessment, in: Dent, D., Olsson, L., Tengberg, A.E., Tucker, C.J., III (Eds.), Use of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) to Assess Land Degradation at Multiple Scales: Current Status, Future Trends, and Practical Considerations, SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 27–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bone Reports.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Misinformation On Social Media: Can Technology Save Us? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/technology/misinformation-on-social-media-can-technology-save-us/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Federal Highway Administration: Parts and Accessories Necessary for Safe Operations, Lighting Devices, Reflectors, and Electrical Equipment (No. OGC-99-39). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, J.Y., 2008. Socio-Spatial Exclusion Based on Human Activities and Social Networks in Space-Time: A Case Study of Koreans in Columbus, Ohio (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, B.Y.K., 2001. Dreams of a Summer Camp Take the Form of Reality. New York Times G10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein, 2011; Hirschberg and Manning, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hirschberg and Manning, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Klass et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBone Reports
AbbreviationBone Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-1872
Scope

Other styles