How to format your references using the Journal of Computational Physics: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computational Physics: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Butler, France plans marine research port at Brest, Nature. 405 (2000) 498.
A journal article with 2 authors
W.C. Ratcliff, R.F. Denison, Microbiology. Alternative actions for antibiotics, Science. 332 (2011) 547–548.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.X. Prochaska, J.C. Howk, A.M. Wolfe, The elemental abundance pattern in a galaxy at z = 2.626, Nature. 423 (2003) 57–59.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Nakashiba, J.Z. Young, T.J. McHugh, D.L. Buhl, S. Tonegawa, Transgenic inhibition of synaptic transmission reveals role of CA3 output in hippocampal learning, Science. 319 (2008) 1260–1264.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.A. Saleh, M.A. Rahman, An Introduction to Wavelet Modulated Inverters, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
D. Tack, M.K. Kalra, P.A. Gevenois, eds., Radiation Dose from Multidetector CT, 2nd ed. 2012, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Jain, R. Pandey, S.S. Shukla, Natural Sources of Anti-inflammation, in: R. Pandey, S.S. Shukla (Eds.), Inflammation: Natural Resources and Its Applications, Springer India, New Delhi, 2015: pp. 25–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computational Physics: X.

Blog post
J. Davis, Rate Of New HIV Infection In London Fell By 40 Percent Due To Internet-Bought Drugs, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Further Actions Needed To Centralize Procurement of Automatic Data Processing Equipment To Comply With Objectives of Public Law 89-306, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Razzaghi, Quantum Tunneling in Hydride Transfer Reactions in Solution, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Underfunded and Over the Top, New York Times. (2010) B20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computational Physics: X
ISSN (print)2590-0552

Other styles