How to format your references using the BBA Clinical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BBA Clinical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Lu, Materials science. The future of metals, Science. 328 (2010) 319–320.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.L. Hartmann, H.H. Hendon, Atmospheric science. Resolving an atmospheric enigma, Science. 318 (2007) 1731–1732.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Barta, S. Dorner, N. Polacek, Mechanism of ribosomal peptide bond formation, Science. 291 (2001) 203.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Da Costa Dias, K. Jovanovic, D. Gonsalves, K. Moodley, U. Reusch, S. Knackmuss, C. Penny, M.S. Weinberg, M. Little, S.F.T. Weiss, Anti-LRP/LR specific antibody IgG1-iS18 and knock-down of LRP/LR by shRNAs rescue cells from Aβ42 induced cytotoxicity, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.E. Sestina, Planning a Successful Future, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
S. Horlacher, ed., Transgender and Intersex: Theoretical, Practical, and Artistic Perspectives, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
D.H. Phan, D. Pointcheval, M. Strefler, Message-Based Traitor Tracing with Optimal Ciphertext Rate, in: A. Hevia, G. Neven (Eds.), Progress in Cryptology – LATINCRYPT 2012: 2nd International Conference on Cryptology and Information Security in Latin America, Santiago, Chile, October 7-10, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 56–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BBA Clinical.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Connecting Animals To The Cloud Could Help Predict Earthquakes, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Coordination: Benefits and Barriers Exist, and Planning Efforts Progress Slowly, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.L. Young, A phenomenological investigation of science center exhibition developers’ expertise development, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
B. Judah, London rolls out the kleptocrats’ carpet, New York Times. (2016) A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBBA Clinical
AbbreviationBBA Clin.
ISSN (print)2214-6474
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Physiology (medical)

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