How to format your references using the Evidence-Based Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evidence-Based Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Winchester S. China: The man who unveiled China. Nature 2008;454:409–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris RGM, Takeuchi T. Neuroscience. The imaginary mind of a mouse. Science 2012;335:1455–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song C, Wang P, Makse HA. A phase diagram for jammed matter. Nature 2008;453:629–32.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barwick B, Park HS, Kwon O-H, et al. 4D imaging of transient structures and morphologies in ultrafast electron microscopy. Science 2008;322:1227–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Larminat P. Climate Change. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2014.
An edited book
Mukhar K. Beginning Java EE 5: From Novice to Professional. Berkeley, CA: : Apress 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Vasco DW. Trajectory-Based Methods for Modeling and Characterization. In: Cai X, Yeh T-CJ, eds. Quantitative Information Fusion for Hydrological Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2008. 69–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evidence-Based Mental Health.

Blog post
Carpineti C. Hundreds of Nuclear Test Clips Have Been Declassified, And The Footage Is Both Awe-Inspiring And Terrifying. IFLScience. 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Issues Related to FAA’s Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laffitte L. A Comparison of Pull-Out and Co-Teaching Models on the Reading Performance of Third through Fifth Grade Elementary Students with a Diagnosed Specific Learning Disability in Reading. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt S. In City Rich in History, Unusual Plan to Preserve Poet’s Home. New York Times. 2016;:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEvidence-Based Mental Health
AbbreviationEvid. Based. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1362-0347
ISSN (online)1468-960X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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