How to format your references using the Evidence-Based Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evidence-Based Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kavanaugh MP. Accessing a transporter structure. Nature 2004;431:752–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang H-Y, Malbon CC. Wnt signaling, Ca2+, and cyclic GMP: visualizing Frizzled functions. Science 2003;300:1529–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fine PVA, Mesones I, Coley PD. Herbivores promote habitat specialization by trees in Amazonian forests. Science 2004;305:663–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Malin MC, Edgett KS, Posiolova LV, et al. Present-day impact cratering rate and contemporary gully activity on Mars. Science 2006;314:1573–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
James L. Sustainability Footprints in SMEs. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc 2014.
An edited book
Bindereif A, editor. RNA Metabolism in Trypanosomes. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Herkenhoff L, Fogli J. Survey Design. In: Fogli J, ed. Applied Statistics for Business and Management using Microsoft Excel. New York, NY: : Springer 2013. 117–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evidence-Based Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientist Invents Ice Cream That Changes Color As You Lick It. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Architecture Needed to Guide NASA’s Financial Management Modernization. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillespie L. Trust in Leadership: Investigation of Andragogical Learning and Implications for Student Placement Outcomes. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Witz B. Judge Dismisses Familia’s Criminal Case. New York Times. 2016;:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEvidence-Based Mental Health
AbbreviationEvid. Based. Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1362-0347
ISSN (online)1468-960X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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