How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Research and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Research and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bull, J.J., 2015. Evolution: Reptile sex determination goes wild. Nature 523, 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalaany, N.Y., Sabatini, D.M., 2009. Tumours with PI3K activation are resistant to dietary restriction. Nature 458, 725–731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, M., Fee, M.S., Katz, L.C., 2003. Encoding pheromonal signals in the accessory olfactory bulb of behaving mice. Science 299, 1196–1201.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Janisch, C., Wang, Y., Ma, D., Mehta, N., Elías, A.L., Perea-López, N., Terrones, M., Crespi, V., Liu, Z., 2014. Extraordinary Second Harmonic Generation in tungsten disulfide monolayers. Sci. Rep. 4, 5530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fiske, J.R., Fiske, C.A., 2009. The Big Book of Benefit Auctions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Shumaker, R. (Ed.), 2013. Virtual Augmented and Mixed Reality. Designing and Developing Augmented and Virtual Environments: 5th International Conference, VAMR 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Andina, D., Vega-Corona, A., Seijas, J.I., Alarcòn, M.J., 2007. Application of Neural Networks, in: Andina, Diego, Pham, D.T. (Eds.), Computational Intelligence: For Engineering and Manufacturing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 93–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Research and Design.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. First “Wind Nebula” Seen Around a Magnetar [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. ADP Acquisitions: Patent Automation Encountering Major Planning and Procurement Problems (No. IMTEC-86-19). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sinha, R., 2017. An Integrated Development Environment for the Clara Constraint-Programming Language (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Justices Weigh Limits on Punitive Damages. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bull, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bull, 2015; Kalaany and Sabatini, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kalaany and Sabatini, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Janisch et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Research and Design
AbbreviationChem. Eng. Res. Des.
ISSN (print)0263-8762
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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