How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Research and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Research and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barker, P.A., 2007. Atmospheric science. The monsoon’s past. Science 316, 1295–1296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tang, S., Presgraves, D.C., 2009. Evolution of the Drosophila nuclear pore complex results in multiple hybrid incompatibilities. Science 323, 779–782.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moritz, C.T., Perlmutter, S.I., Fetz, E.E., 2008. Direct control of paralysed muscles by cortical neurons. Nature 456, 639–642.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Uehlein, N., Lovisolo, C., Siefritz, F., Kaldenhoff, R., 2003. The tobacco aquaporin NtAQP1 is a membrane CO2 pore with physiological functions. Nature 425, 734–737.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derryberry, D.R., 2014. Basic Data Analysis for Time Series with R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Behnassi, M., Pollmann, O., Kissinger, G. (Eds.), 2013. Sustainable Food Security in the Era of Local and Global Environmental Change. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ameratunga, J., Sivakugan, N., Das, B.M., 2016. Standard Penetration Test, in: Sivakugan, N., Das, B.M. (Eds.), Correlations of Soil and Rock Properties in Geotechnical Engineering, Developments in Geotechnical Engineering. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 87–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Research and Design.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. Why Don’t Scavengers Get Sick? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Possible Extended Use of the Federal Telecommunications System by DOD (No. B-133201). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson, K.L., 2017. Patient and Family Engagement Initiative: A Quantitative Causal-Comparative Analysis (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. A Collision at the Plate Shakes Up Flores and Leaves the Mets Reeling. New York Times SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barker, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Barker, 2007; Tang and Presgraves, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tang and Presgraves, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Uehlein et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Research and Design
AbbreviationChem. Eng. Res. Des.
ISSN (print)0263-8762
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

Other styles