How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Research and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Research and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyman, S., 2014. Mental health: depression needs large human-genetics studies. Nature 515, 189–191.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kasahara, T., Kato, T., 2003. Nutritional biochemistry: A new redox-cofactor vitamin for mammals. Nature 422, 832.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paul, J.W., West, J.P., Gitler, A.D., 2014. Cell Biology. Clogging information flow in ALS. Science 345, 1118–1119.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gibeaux, R., Acker, R., Kitaoka, M., Georgiou, G., van Kruijsbergen, I., Ford, B., Marcotte, E.M., Nomura, D.K., Kwon, T., Veenstra, G.J.C., Heald, R., 2018. Paternal chromosome loss and metabolic crisis contribute to hybrid inviability in Xenopus. Nature 553, 337–341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schorn, C., Taylor, B., 2004. NMR Spectroscopy: Data Acquisition. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Belloni, S., 2011. L’occhio, le sue malattie e le sue cure. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Onyimadu, O., Nakata, K., Wilson, T., Macken, D., Liu, K., 2014. Towards Sentiment Analysis on Parliamentary Debates in Hansard, in: Kim, W., Ding, Y., Kim, H.-G. (Eds.), Semantic Technology: Third Joint International Conference, JIST 2013, Seoul, South Korea, November 28--30, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 48–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Research and Design.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Humans Are Driving A New Burst Of Evolution Including Possibly Our Own [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Analysis of Data for Exports Regulated by the Department of Commerce (No. GAO-07-197R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tromp, M., 2015. Bayesian monitoring of clinical trials: Examples using conjugate priors (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Rojas, R., Fitzsimmons, E.G., 2016. Crane Collapse Kills Man on Busy Manhattan Block. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hyman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hyman, 2014; Kasahara and Kato, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kasahara and Kato, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gibeaux et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Research and Design
AbbreviationChem. Eng. Res. Des.
ISSN (print)0263-8762
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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