How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Research and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Research and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greer, J.R., 2014. Chemistry. Nanoframe catalysts. Science 343, 1319–1320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hansen, J.D., Reich, J., 2015. Democratizing education? Examining access and usage patterns in massive open online courses. Science 350, 1245–1248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonçalves, B., Balcan, D., Vespignani, A., 2013. Human mobility and the worldwide impact of intentional localized highly pathogenic virus release. Sci. Rep. 3, 810.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stickley, C.E., St John, K., Koç, N., Jordan, R.W., Passchier, S., Pearce, R.B., Kearns, L.E., 2009. Evidence for middle Eocene Arctic sea ice from diatoms and ice-rafted debris. Nature 460, 376–379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kivy, P., 2011. Once-Told Tales. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Carpenter, J.S., Bai, C., Escobedo, J.P., Hwang, J.-Y., Ikhmayies, S., Li, B., Li, J., Monteiro, S.N., Peng, Z., Zhang, M. (Eds.), 2016. Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gonçalves, R., Knorr, M., Leite, J., 2014. Evolving Bridge Rules in Evolving Multi-Context Systems, in: Bulling, N., Torre, L. van der, Villata, S., Jamroga, W., Vasconcelos, W. (Eds.), Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 15th International Workshop, CLIMA XV, Prague, Czech Republic, August 18-19, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 52–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Research and Design.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. China Has Been Dramatically Underreporting Coal Consumption [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. HUD Information Systems: Immature Software Acquisition Capability Increases Project Risks (No. GAO-01-962). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguirre, B.L., 2010. The rise in pharmaceutical drug abuse among American adolescents (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2016. Bypassing Stigma to Take Care of Herself and a Daughter Like Her. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greer, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Greer, 2014; Hansen and Reich, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hansen and Reich, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Stickley et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Research and Design
AbbreviationChem. Eng. Res. Des.
ISSN (print)0263-8762
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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