How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Research and Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Research and Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Büttiker, M., 2006. Physics. Detecting and controlling electron correlations. Science 313, 1587–1588.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, G.T., Pitnick, S., 2002. Sperm-female coevolution in Drosophila. Science 298, 1230–1233.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holt, L.J., Krutchinsky, A.N., Morgan, D.O., 2008. Positive feedback sharpens the anaphase switch. Nature 454, 353–357.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Galbraith, E.D., Jaccard, S.L., Pedersen, T.F., Sigman, D.M., Haug, G.H., Cook, M., Southon, J.R., Francois, R., 2007. Carbon dioxide release from the North Pacific abyss during the last deglaciation. Nature 449, 890–893.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beach, G.J., 2013. The U.S. Technology Skills Gap. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Osburg, T., Schmidpeter, R. (Eds.), 2013. Social Innovation: Solutions for a Sustainable Future, CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Stan, A., Pop, F.-C., Cremene, M., Giurgiu, M., Pallez, D., 2012. Interactive Intonation Optimisation Using CMA-ES and DCT Parameterisation of the F0 Contour for Speech Synthesis, in: Pelta, D.A., Krasnogor, N., Dumitrescu, D., Chira, C., Lung, R. (Eds.), Nature Inspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimization (NICSO 2011), Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Research and Design.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Can A Lack Of Love Be Deadly? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Railroad Safety: DOT Faces Challenges in Improving Grade Crossing Safety, Track Inspection Standards, and Passenger Car Safety (No. T-RCED-96-114). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynolds, P.R., 2004. Midkine (MK) Regulates Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling During Hypoxia (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Itzkoff, D., Bertsche, R., Spitznagel, E., Hodgman, J., Henig, S., Reeves, H., Hanel, M., Bennett, R., Cowen, T., Newton, M., Kelly, J., Skurnick, L., Cianci, V. (buddy), 2012. The One-Page Magazine. New York Times MM17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Büttiker, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Büttiker, 2006; Miller and Pitnick, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Pitnick, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Galbraith et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Research and Design
AbbreviationChem. Eng. Res. Des.
ISSN (print)0263-8762
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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