How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics (JAAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Westervelt, R. M. ‘Applied physics. Graphene nanoelectronics’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320,5874(April 2008):324–325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rao, M., and S. Sockanathan. ‘Transmembrane protein GDE2 induces motor neuron differentiation in vivo’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309,5744(September 2005):2212–2215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ioannou, C. C., V. Guttal, and I. D. Couzin. ‘Predatory fish select for coordinated collective motion in virtual prey’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337,6099(September 2012):1212–1215.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Leek, P. J., J. M. Fink, A. Blais, R. Bianchetti, M. Göppl, J. M. Gambetta, … A. Wallraff. ‘Observation of Berry’s phase in a solid-state qubit’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318,5858(December 2007):1889–1892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eynon, J. The Design Manager’s Handbook. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. 2013.
An edited book
Cruz-Uribe, D. V. Weights, Extrapolation and the Theory of Rubio de Francia. (J. M. Martell & C. Pérez, Eds.) (Vol. 215). Basel: Springer. 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Sinha, C. K., S. H. S. Syed, and R. Hinds. ‘Parenteral Nutrition’. In C. K. Sinha & M. Davenport (Eds.), Handbook of Pediatric Surgery (pp. 29–34). London: Springer. 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. ‘How We Can Use The Moon To Get To Mars’. 2015, October 16. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Impact of the Grounding of the Shuttle Fleet (No. GAO-03-1107). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jiang, W. Advanced techniques for semantic concept detection in general videos (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, M., and G. Harris. ‘In Retaliation, U.S. Tells Russia to Shut Consulate And 2 Diplomatic Offices’. New York Times, p. A7. 2017, August 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Westervelt, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Rao and Sockanathan, 2005; Westervelt, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rao and Sockanathan, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Ioannou, Guttal, and Couzin, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Leek et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
ISSN (print)1074-0708
ISSN (online)2056-7405

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