How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics (JAAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ridley, R. G. ‘Medical need, scientific opportunity and the drive for antimalarial drugs’. Nature 415,6872(February 2002):686–693.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grünwald, D., and R. H. Singer. ‘In vivo imaging of labelled endogenous β-actin mRNA during nucleocytoplasmic transport’. Nature 467,7315(September 2010):604–607.
A journal article with 3 authors
Idzko, M., D. Ferrari, and H. K. Eltzschig. ‘Nucleotide signalling during inflammation’. Nature 509,7500(May 2014):310–317.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dupont, E., I. L. Hanganu, W. Kilb, S. Hirsch, and H. J. Luhmann. ‘Rapid developmental switch in the mechanisms driving early cortical columnar networks’. Nature 439,7072(January 2006):79–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, A. W. Economics, Real Estate and the Supply of Land. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2008.
An edited book
Hart, S. R. Identifying, Assessing, and Treating Bipolar Disorder at School. (S. E. Brock & I. Jeltova, Eds.). Boston, MA: Springer US. 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu, J., M. Yang, S. Li, and T. Zhao. ‘Learning Bilingual Sentence Representations for Quality Estimation of Machine Translation’. In M. Yang & S. Liu (Eds.), Machine Translation: 12th China Workshop, CWMT 2016, Urumqi, China, August 25–26, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 35–42). Singapore: Springer. 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T. ‘Check Out What Happens When You Add A Glowstick To Magnetized Liquid’. 2015, October 26. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Observations on H.R. 3774, ‘The Aging Aircraft Safety Act of 1989’ (No. T-RCED-90-82). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salifu, A. Names that prick: Royal praise names in Dagbon, northern Ghana (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. ‘A Law School Graduates From Junior High’. New York Times, p. LI2. 2007, January 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ridley, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Grünwald and Singer, 2010; Ridley, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grünwald and Singer, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Idzko, Ferrari, and Eltzschig, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dupont et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
ISSN (print)1074-0708
ISSN (online)2056-7405

Other styles