How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics (JAAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Onozuka, D. ‘Effect of non-stationary climate on infectious gastroenteritis transmission in Japan’. Scientific Reports 4(June 2014):5157.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiest, O., and P. Helquist. ‘Chemistry. Striking a balance to control stereochemistry’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333,6051(September 2011):1831–1832.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Dyck, D., J. R. Jinschek, and F.-R. Chen. ‘“Big Bang” tomography as a new route to atomic-resolution electron tomography’. Nature 486,7402(June 2012):243–246.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tiberj, A., M. Rubio-Roy, M. Paillet, J.-R. Huntzinger, P. Landois, M. Mikolasek, … A.-A. Zahab. ‘Reversible optical doping of graphene’. Scientific Reports 3(2013):2355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, D. IP Multicast with Applications to IPTV and Mobile DVB-H. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2007.
An edited book
Clough, P., C. Foley, C. Gurrin, G. J. F. Jones, W. Kraaij, H. Lee, and V. Mudoch (Eds.). Advances in Information Retrieval: 33rd European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2011, Dublin, Ireland, April 18-21, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 6611). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Algaba, F., J. Y. Ro, S. S. Shen, and L. D. Truong. ‘Testis’. In S. S. Shen & J. Y. Ro (Eds.), Frozen Section Library: Genitourinary Tract (pp. 137–159). New York, NY: Springer. 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. ‘Bony Crests On Skulls Of Extinct Species Could Reveal Social Dynamics’. 2017, May 5. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FCC: Maritime Communications (No. OGC-98-66). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Razzaghi, M. Quantum Tunneling in Hydride Transfer Reactions in Solution (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. ‘Drink Lots of Fluids, and Save Time for a Frisking’. New York Times, p. SPG2. 2006, September 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Onozuka, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Onozuka, 2014; Wiest and Helquist, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiest and Helquist, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Van Dyck, Jinschek, and Chen, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tiberj et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
ISSN (print)1074-0708
ISSN (online)2056-7405

Other styles