How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics (JAAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ploegh, H. L. ‘A lipid-based model for the creation of an escape hatch from the endoplasmic reticulum’. Nature 448,7152(July 2007):435–438.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hagoort, P., and W. J. M. Levelt. ‘Neuroscience. The speaking brain’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326,5951(October 2009):372–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell, A., P. Wei, and W. A. Lim. ‘Oscillatory stress stimulation uncovers an Achilles’ heel of the yeast MAPK signaling network’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 350,6266(December 2015):1379–1383.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dhillon, M. S., C. J. Cockcroft, T. Munsey, K. J. Smith, A. J. Powell, P. Carter, … A. Sivaprasadarao. ‘A functional Kv1.2-hERG chimaeric channel expressed in Pichia pastoris’. Scientific Reports 4(February 2014):4201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis, R. Language Teaching Research and Language Pedagogy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2012.
An edited book
Ritsner, M. (Ed.). Handbook of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, Volume II: Phenotypic and Endophenotypic Presentations. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Dyl, T. ‘The Numerical Analysis of Burnishing Process of Hollow Steel Tubes’. In J. Awrejcewicz, K. J. Kaliński, R. Szewczyk, & M. Kaliczyńska (Eds.), Mechatronics: Ideas, Challenges, Solutions and Applications (pp. 65–75). Cham: Springer International Publishing. 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. ‘John Oliver Does Science Communication Right’. 2014, May 15. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Global Warming: Limitations of General Circulation Models and Costs of Modeling Efforts (No. RCED-95-164). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Binkley, P. M. Relationship of Graduate Student Involvement to Graduate Alumni Donor Behavior (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M. ‘From the Cavaliers, A Nifty Glimpse Of “What If?”’ New York Times, p. SP3. 2017, June 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ottino, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2003; Weinberg, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hagoort and Levelt, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Mitchell, Wei, and Lim, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
ISSN (print)1074-0708
ISSN (online)2056-7405

Other styles