How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics (JAAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. ‘Boosting biotech in Finland’. Nature 431,7011(October 2004):1020–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Han, J. S., and J. D. Boeke. ‘A highly active synthetic mammalian retrotransposon’. Nature 429,6989(May 2004):314–318.
A journal article with 3 authors
Penner, J. E., X. Dong, and Y. Chen. ‘Observational evidence of a change in radiative forcing due to the indirect aerosol effect’. Nature 427,6971(January 2004):231–234.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brown, M. G., A. O. Dokun, J. W. Heusel, H. R. Smith, D. L. Beckman, E. A. Blattenberger, … W. M. Yokoyama. ‘Vital involvement of a natural killer cell activation receptor in resistance to viral infection’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292,5518(May 2001):934–937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Feldmann, D. Social Movements For Good. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2015.
An edited book
Mahlich, J., and W. Pascha (Eds.). Korean Science and Technology in an International Perspective. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD. 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Mourek, J., and L. Miko. ‘Ontogeny of the famulus in selected members of Damaeidae (Acari: Oribatida) and its suitability as a phylogenetic marker’. In M. W. Sabelis & J. Bruin (Eds.), Trends in Acarology: Proceedings of the 12th International Congress (pp. 31–36). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. ‘Hydrothermal Activity Discovered On Enceladus’. 2015, March 12. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA Is Taking Steps to Validate the Science Underlying Its Passenger Behavior Detection Program, but Efforts May Not Be Comprehensive (No. GAO-11-461T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vestergaard, E. V. The shadow in Latvian mythological legends: A Jungian perspective (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, F. ‘MEMORIAL MUSEUM TO HONOR STATE POLICE’. New York Times, p. 11NJ6. 1985, October 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Han and Boeke, 2004; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Han and Boeke, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Penner, Dong, and Chen, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brown et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
ISSN (print)1074-0708
ISSN (online)2056-7405

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