How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics (JAAE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Medzhitov, R. ‘Origin and physiological roles of inflammation’. Nature 454,7203(July 2008):428–435.
A journal article with 2 authors
Villaume, M. T., and P. S. Baran. ‘Organic chemistry: Reactivity tamed one bond at a time’. Nature 513,7518(September 2014):324–325.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chave, J., D. Alonso, and R. S. Etienne. ‘Theoretical biology: comparing models of species abundance’. Nature 441,7089(May 2006):E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nicolosi, I., F. D. Caracciolo, S. Branca, G. Ventura, and M. Chiappini. ‘Volcanic conduit migration over a basement landslide at Mount Etna (Italy)’. Scientific Reports 4(June 2014):5293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samonas, M. Financial Forecasting, Analysis, and Modelling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2015.
An edited book
Yi, C.-C. (Ed.). The Psychological Well-being of East Asian Youth (Vol. 2). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Petrelli, F., and S. Barni. ‘Malignant Ascites: Diagnosis and Treatment’. In M. V. Kiselevsky (Ed.), Malignant Effusions: Pleuritis, Ascites, Pericardites (pp. 57–76). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. ‘The “Mini Ice Age” Hoopla Is A Giant Failure Of Science Communication’. 2015, July 24. (Accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Targeting and Training of FAA’s Safety Inspector Workforce (No. T-RCED-96-26). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olsen, C. M. A violinist in a non-classical world: Sugizo’s use of violin in popular music (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. ‘QUICK BITE: Cranford; Cranford Didn’t Get the Olympics, Either’. New York Times, p. 14NJ13. 2005, July 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Medzhitov, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Medzhitov, 2008; Villaume and Baran, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Villaume and Baran, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chave, Alonso, and Etienne, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nicolosi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
ISSN (print)1074-0708
ISSN (online)2056-7405

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