How to format your references using the Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ehrlich, P. R. (2010). Retrospective. Stephen Schneider (1945-2010). Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5993), 776.
A journal article with 2 authors
Derse, D., & Heidecker, G. (2003). Virology. Forced entry--or does HTLV-I have the key? Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5613), 1670–1671.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deal, R. B., Henikoff, J. G., & Henikoff, S. (2010). Genome-wide kinetics of nucleosome turnover determined by metabolic labeling of histones. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5982), 1161–1164.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ni, S., Tan, E., Gurnis, M., & Helmberger, D. (2002). Sharp sides to the African superplume. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), 1850–1852.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Manuele, F. A. (2007). Advanced Safety Management Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury Prevention. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Seitz, P., & Theuwissen, A. J. P. (Eds.). (2011). Single-Photon Imaging (Vol. 160). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fan, Y., & Yin, Y. (2012). Differentiated Time-Frequency Characteristics Based Real-Time Motion Decoding for Lower Extremity Rehabilitation Exoskeleton Robot. In C.-Y. Su, S. Rakheja, & H. Liu (Eds.), Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 5th International Conference, ICIRA 2012, Montreal, Canada, October 3-5, 2012, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 31–40). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 26). Sonic Tractor Beams Are Now A Reality. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Highway Safety: Better Guidance Could Improve Oversight of State Highway Safety Programs (No. GAO-03-474). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cornejo, V. M. (2010). Teachers’ perceptions about promoting mental health in the classroom (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, July 29). Mets Cap Busy Day of Moves by Acquiring a Closer. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ehrlich 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Derse and Heidecker 2003; Ehrlich 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Derse and Heidecker 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Ni et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEmployee Responsibilities and Rights Journal
AbbreviationEmployee Responsibilities Rights J.
ISSN (print)0892-7545
ISSN (online)1573-3378
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Human Factors and Ergonomics

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