How to format your references using the Journal of Composites Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Composites Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coaker, G. Botany. Pathogen Specialization. Science 2014, 343, 496–497.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sato, T.; Clevers, H. Growing Self-Organizing Mini-Guts from a Single Intestinal Stem Cell: Mechanism and Applications. Science 2013, 340, 1190–1194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cicerone, R.J.; Molina, M.J.; Blake, D.R. Retrospective. F. Sherwood Rowland (1927-2012). Science 2012, 336, 170.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Karnik, S.K.; Chen, H.; McLean, G.W.; Heit, J.J.; Gu, X.; Zhang, A.Y.; Fontaine, M.; Yen, M.H.; Kim, S.K. Menin Controls Growth of Pancreatic Beta-Cells in Pregnant Mice and Promotes Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Science 2007, 318, 806–809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaschke, M.; Donnerhacke, K.-H.; Rill, M.S. Optical Devices in Ophthalmology and Optometry; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2014; ISBN 9783527648962.
An edited book
Robinson, P.J. Behavioral Consultation and Primary Care: A Guide to Integrating Services; Reiter, J.T., Ed.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2007; ISBN 9780387329710.
A chapter in an edited book
Varis, O.; Kummu, M.; Härkönen, S.; Huttunen, J.T. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Reservoirs. In Impacts of Large Dams: A Global Assessment; Tortajada, C., Altinbilek, D., Biswas, A.K., Eds.; Water Resources Development and Management; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 69–94 ISBN 9783642235702.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Composites Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. Playing Tetris Could Reduce Cravings For Drugs, Food and Sex Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal-Aid Highways: Cost and Oversight of Major Highway and Bridge Projects--Issues and Options; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henning, J.N. Top Ten Effective Community College Board Trustees Self-Perceived Leadership Attributes. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. Film Series. New York Times 2017, C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Composites Science
AbbreviationJ. Compos. Sci.
ISSN (online)2504-477X

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