How to format your references using the Journal of Composites Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Composites Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nogrady, B. Immunotherapy: Chemical Tricks. Nature 2014, 513, S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Low, H.H.; Löwe, J. A Bacterial Dynamin-like Protein. Nature 2006, 444, 766–769.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rieping, W.; Habeck, M.; Nilges, M. Inferential Structure Determination. Science 2005, 309, 303–306.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schuur, E.A.G.; Vogel, J.G.; Crummer, K.G.; Lee, H.; Sickman, J.O.; Osterkamp, T.E. The Effect of Permafrost Thaw on Old Carbon Release and Net Carbon Exchange from Tundra. Nature 2009, 459, 556–559.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, R. Rethinking Pragmatism; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2012; ISBN 9781118253687.
An edited book
Human Casualties in Earthquakes: Progress in Modelling and Mitigation; Spence, R., So, E., Scawthorn, C., Eds.; Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; Vol. 29; ISBN 9789048194544.
A chapter in an edited book
Khan, M.A.; Zaki, Y. Dynamic Spectrum Trade and Game-Theory Based Network Selection in LTE Virtualization Using Uniform Auctioning. In Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 9th IFIP TC 6 International Conference, WWIC 2011, Vilanova i la Geltrú, Spain, June 15-17, 2011. Proceedings; Masip-Bruin, X., Verchere, D., Tsaoussidis, V., Yannuzzi, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 39–55 ISBN 9783642215599.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Composites Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. Edward Snowden Designs Phone Case That Shows When It Is Being Spied On Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Tactical Warning and Attack Assessment System; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1985;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flynn, M.J. Lifeguard Employability Skills. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski, S.F.; Moynihan, C. Well Before Scandals, Cosby’s Wife Faulted Media Treatment of Blacks. New York Times 2015, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Composites Science
AbbreviationJ. Compos. Sci.
ISSN (online)2504-477X

Other styles