How to format your references using the Journal of Composites Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Composites Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedberg, E.C. DNA damage and repair. Nature 2003, 421, 436–440.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dulvy, N.K.; Kindsvater, H.K. Ecology: Recovering the potential of coral reefs. Nature 2015, 520, 304–305.
A journal article with 3 authors
King, J.-R.; Bekinschtein, T.; Dehaene, S. Comment on “Preserved feedforward but impaired top-down processes in the vegetative state.” Science 2011, 334, 1203; author reply 1203.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barnes, T.D.; Kubota, Y.; Hu, D.; Jin, D.Z.; Graybiel, A.M. Activity of striatal neurons reflects dynamic encoding and recoding of procedural memories. Nature 2005, 437, 1158–1161.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Avdeef, A. Absorption and Drug Development; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118286067.
An edited book
Dragan, V. Mathematical Methods in Robust Control of Linear Stochastic Systems; Morozan, T., Stoica, A.-M., Eds.; 2nd ed. 2013.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; ISBN 9781461486626.
A chapter in an edited book
Zolnerowich, G.; Rose, M. The Genus Eretmocerus. In Classical Biological Control of Bemisia tabaci in the United States - A Review of Interagency Research and Implementation; Gould, J., Hoelmer, K., Goolsby, J., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2008; pp. 89–109 ISBN 9781402067396.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Composites Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. The Gender Gap Of Alcohol Consumption Has Almost Disappeared Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Space Transportation: Progress of the X-33 Reusable Launch Vehicle Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moyer, A.S. The A+ Schools Program and School Improvement. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. The City of Lights, When It Was First Lighted. New York Times 2016, CT8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Composites Science
AbbreviationJ. Compos. Sci.
ISSN (online)2504-477X

Other styles