How to format your references using the Journal of Composites Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Composites Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Woesik, R. Comment on “Coral reef death during the 1997 Indian Ocean dipole linked to Indonesian wildfires.” Science 2004, 303, 1297; author reply 1297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shcheka, S.S.; Keppler, H. The origin of the terrestrial noble-gas signature. Nature 2012, 490, 531–534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Uyanik, M.; Hayashi, H.; Ishihara, K. High-turnover hypoiodite catalysis for asymmetric synthesis of tocopherols. Science 2014, 345, 291–294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Grine, F.E.; Bailey, R.M.; Harvati, K.; Nathan, R.P.; Morris, A.G.; Henderson, G.M.; Ribot, I.; Pike, A.W.G. Late Pleistocene human skull from Hofmeyr, South Africa, and modern human origins. Science 2007, 315, 226–229.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labuszewski, J.W.; Nyhoff, J.E.; Co, R.; Peterson, P.E. The CME Group Risk Management Handbook; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118266564.
An edited book
Supervision in Psychodrama: Experiential Learning in Psychotherapy and Training; Krall, H., Fürst, J., Fontaine, P., Eds.; Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden: Wiesbaden, 2012; ISBN 9783531196787.
A chapter in an edited book
Groenendijk, L.; Sturm, J. Curing society by better education: Wilhelm Stekel on parental influences in the causation and prevention of compulsion neuroses. In The Self-Marginalization of Wilhelm Stekel: Freudian Circles Inside and Out; Groenendijk, L., Sturm, J., Roazen, P., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2007; pp. 67–83 ISBN 9780387326993.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Composites Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 8 Terrifying Ways The World Could Actually End (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office The Air Force Should Cancel Plans To Acquire Two Computer Systems at Most Bases; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1979;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, W.C. An Evaluation of the Relationship Between Critical Technology Developments and Technology Maturity. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. Updating DNA’s Life Story. New York Times 2017, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Composites Science
AbbreviationJ. Compos. Sci.
ISSN (online)2504-477X

Other styles