How to format your references using the Journal of Composites Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Composites Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Subrahmanian, V.S. Computer Science. Cultural Modeling in Real Time. Science 2007, 317, 1509–1510.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, M.R.; Frame, D.J. Atmosphere. Call off the Quest. Science 2007, 318, 582–583.
A journal article with 3 authors
Devincre, B.; Hoc, T.; Kubin, L. Dislocation Mean Free Paths and Strain Hardening of Crystals. Science 2008, 320, 1745–1748.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Carro, M.S.; Lim, W.K.; Alvarez, M.J.; Bollo, R.J.; Zhao, X.; Snyder, E.Y.; Sulman, E.P.; Anne, S.L.; Doetsch, F.; Colman, H.; et al. The Transcriptional Network for Mesenchymal Transformation of Brain Tumours. Nature 2010, 463, 318–325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parke, R.D. Future Families; John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken, NJ, 2013; ISBN 9781118602386.
An edited book
Aquatic Dermatology: Biotic, Chemical and Physical Agents; Bonamonte, D., Angelini, G., Eds.; 2nd ed. 2016.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319406145.
A chapter in an edited book
Damle, A.; Maykel, J.A. Perioperative Considerations. In Robotic Approaches to Colorectal Surgery; Ross, H., Lee, S., Champagne, B.J., Pigazzi, A., Rivadeneira, D.E., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 45–55 ISBN 9783319091198.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Composites Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Study Claims Antarctic Ice Is Growing, But Net Gain Will Reverse In Decades (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Information Security: FAA Needs to Address Weaknesses in Air Traffic Control Systems; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2015;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tarar, W.A. A New Finite Element Procedure for Fatigue Life Predictionand High Strain Rate Assessment of Cold Worked Advanced High Strength Steel. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kepner, T. A 105-M.P.H. Fastball? Nice. What Else You Got? New York Times 2016, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Composites Science
AbbreviationJ. Compos. Sci.
ISSN (online)2504-477X

Other styles