How to format your references using the Frontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Farese, P. (2012). Technology: How to build a low-energy future. Nature 488, 275–277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cho, U. S., and Xu, W. (2007). Crystal structure of a protein phosphatase 2A heterotrimeric holoenzyme. Nature 445, 53–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Storch, D., Marquet, P. A., and Gaston, K. J. (2005). Ecology. Untangling an entangled bank. Science 307, 684–686.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bibby, T. S., Mary, I., Nield, J., Partensky, F., and Barber, J. (2003). Low-light-adapted Prochlorococcus species possess specific antennae for each photosystem. Nature 424, 1051–1054.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ji, Z.-G. (2017). Hydrodynamics and Water Quality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Avison, D., Kasper, G. M., Pernici, B., Ramos, I., and Roode, D. eds. (2008). Advances in Information Systems Research, Education and Practice: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, TC 8, Information Systems, September 7-10, 2008, Milano, Italy. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Tang, H., and Li, Z.-L. (2014). “Land Surface Temperature Retrieval from Thermal Infrared Data,” in Quantitative Remote Sensing in Thermal Infrared: Theory and Applications Springer Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry., ed. Z.-L. Li (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 93–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017). Professor Brian Cox: “It’s Very Difficult To Argue With An Idiot.” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976). Information Reported by Federal Organizations on the Purpose, Duration, and Cost Associated With Cable Television. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meyer-Barrett, J. M. (2017). Exercising Their Privilege to Borrow: A Demonstrated Understanding of the Obligation of Student Loans in a Community College.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000). Offended Fan Wants Ashe Statue Moved. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Farese, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Cho and Xu, 2007; Farese, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cho and Xu, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Bibby et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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