How to format your references using the Frontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, P. A. (2008). Physics. An end to the drought of quantum spin liquids. Science 321, 1306–1307.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, J., and Norman, C. (2011). 2010 Visualization Challenge. Science 331, 847–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Willner, A. E., Wang, J., and Huang, H. (2012). Applied physics. A different angle on light communications. Science 337, 655–656.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Santos-Lleo, M., Schartel, N., Tananbaum, H., Tucker, W., and Weisskopf, M. C. (2009). The first decade of science with Chandra and XMM-Newton. Nature 462, 997–1004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shamah, S. (2004). A Currency Options Primer. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Marcus, A. ed. (2015). Design, User Experience, and Usability: Design Discourse: 4th International Conference, DUXU 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Viscusi, G., Batini, C., and Mecella, M. (2010). “eGovernment Vision Elicitation,” in Information Systems for eGovernment: A Quality-of-Service Perspective, eds. C. Batini and M. Mecella (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2014). Peacock Spider Dances To YMCA. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Aviation Safety: Management Improvement Needed in FAA’s Airworthiness Directive Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hintz, L. (2015). Fighting for Us, Inside and Out: National Identity Contestation and Foreign Policy in Turkey.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017). (Early) Spring Reading. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lee, 2008; Nesbit and Norman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nesbit and Norman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Santos-Lleo et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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