How to format your references using the Frontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schwartz, J. H. (2004). Anthropology. Getting to know Homo erectus. Science 305, 53–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bland, P. A., and Artemieva, N. A. (2003). Efficient disruption of small asteroids by Earth’s atmosphere. Nature 424, 288–291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hinrichs, K.-U., Hmelo, L. R., and Sylva, S. P. (2003). Molecular fossil record of elevated methane levels in late Pleistocene coastal waters. Science 299, 1214–1217.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kim, D.-H., Ahn, J.-H., Choi, W. M., Kim, H.-S., Kim, T.-H., Song, J., et al. (2008). Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits. Science 320, 507–511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berto, F. (2009). There’s Something about Gödel. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Onieva, J. A., Sauveron, D., Chaumette, S., Gollmann, D., and Markantonakis, K. eds. (2008). Information Security Theory and Practices. Smart Devices, Convergence and Next Generation Networks: Second IFIP WG 11.2 International Workshop, WISTP 2008, Seville, Spain, May 13-16, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Elliott, M. (2016). “Stigmergic Collaboration: A Framework for Understanding and Designing Mass Collaboration,” in Mass Collaboration and Education, eds. U. Cress, J. Moskaliuk, and H. Jeong (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 65–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Dutch Architects Create A Habitable Windmill That Could Power A City. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Information Technology Management: Social Security Administration Practices Can Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DiPasquale, V. L. (2010). A phenomenological study of industry professionals’ perceptions of ethics in the title insurance industry.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Mets Split a Doubleheader With the Nationals as Their Bullpen Gets a Workout. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schwartz, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bland and Artemieva, 2003; Schwartz, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bland and Artemieva, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Integrative and Regenerative Pharmacology
AbbreviationFront. Pharmacol.
ISSN (online)1663-9812
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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