How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Physiology A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Physiology A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenking G (2005) Chemistry. Building a quintuple bond. Science 310:796–797
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson H, Tucker AS (2013) Dual origin of the epithelium of the mammalian middle ear. Science 339:1453–1456
A journal article with 3 authors
Murdoch W, Briggs CJ, Swarbrick S (2005) Host suppression and stability in a parasitoid-host system: experimental demonstration. Science 309:610–613
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lay AJ, Jiang XM, Kisker O, et al (2000) Phosphoglycerate kinase acts in tumour angiogenesis as a disulphide reductase. Nature 408:869–873

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li H-X, Lu X (2014) System Design and Control Integration for Advanced Manufacturing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ross H, Lee S, Champagne BJ, et al (eds) (2015) Robotic Approaches to Colorectal Surgery, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Abel T (2007) Cultural Capital in Health Promotion. In: Kickbusch I, Potvin L, Pelikan JM, et al. (eds) Health and Modernity: The Role of Theory in Health Promotion. Springer, New York, NY, pp 43–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Physiology A.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Deep-Sea Octopuses May Be Devouring Jellyfish And Then Using Their Stingers To Hunt. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Planned Use of Information Technology for the Space Station. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dubin-Thaler BJ (2008) Evidence for hierarchical control of conserved, discrete motility types in crawling motility. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Von Aue M (2017) A Radical Redo for ‘Madama Butterfly.’ New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frenking 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Frenking 2005; Thompson and Tucker 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Tucker 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lay et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Physiology A
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Physiol. A Neuroethol. Sens. Neural Behav. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0340-7594
ISSN (online)1432-1351
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Behavioral Neuroscience

Other styles