How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Physiology A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Physiology A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
You Z (2014) Materials design. Folding structures out of flat materials. Science 345:623–624
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson RGW, Jacobson K (2002) A role for lipid shells in targeting proteins to caveolae, rafts, and other lipid domains. Science 296:1821–1825
A journal article with 3 authors
Fernandes CC, Podos J, Lundberg JG (2004) Amazonian ecology: tributaries enhance the diversity of electric fishes. Science 305:1960–1962
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Solé S, Gornitzka H, Schoeller WW, et al (2001) (Amino)(aryl)carbenes: stable singlet carbenes featuring a spectator substituent. Science 292:1901–1903

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieser KH (2007) Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Park JJ (jong H, Leung VCM, Wang C-L, Shon T (eds) (2012) Future Information Technology, Application, and Service: FutureTech 2012 Volume 2. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Leusen JHW, Nimmerjahn F (2013) The Role of IgG in Immune Responses. In: Nimmerjahn F (ed) Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Antibody Activity. Springer, New York, NY, pp 85–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Physiology A.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) According To Bill Gates, Something Deadly Is Coming. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Information Technology Management: Social Security Administration Practices Can Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao Y (2006) Morphological and Functional Characterization of the Neurotransmitter GABA in Adult Rat Taste Buds. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) With Her Surgeon Watching, Kvitova Shows Off Skilled Handiwork. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (You 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Jacobson 2002; You 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Jacobson 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Solé et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Physiology A
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Physiol. A Neuroethol. Sens. Neural Behav. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0340-7594
ISSN (online)1432-1351
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Behavioral Neuroscience

Other styles