How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Physiology A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Physiology A (J Comp Physiol A). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirshner RP (2003) Throwing light on dark energy. Science 300:1914–1918
A journal article with 2 authors
Cincotta RP, Crane BB (2001) Public health. The Mexico City policy and U.S. family planning assistance. Science 294:525–526
A journal article with 3 authors
Baskin A, Sadeghpour HR, Král P (2014) Correlated diskoid-like electronic states. Sci Rep 4:5913
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sato Y, Kojima R, Okumura M, et al (2013) Synergistic cooperation of PDI family members in peroxiredoxin 4-driven oxidative protein folding. Sci Rep 3:2456

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martinsen U (2017) Kostenrechnung in der Bauwirtschaft. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Tuszynski JA (ed) (2006) The Emerging Physics of Consciousness. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Frantz RP (2015) Pulmonary Hypertension in Chronic Heart and Lung Disease. In: Klinger JR, Frantz RP (eds) Diagnosis and Management of Pulmonary Hypertension. Springer, New York, NY, pp 93–113

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Physiology A.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Scientists Generate Sperm Precursors From Skin Cells Of Infertile Men. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Federal Chief Information Officer: Leadership Needed to Confront Serious Challenges and Emerging Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tran LN (2013) Low-cost vehicle remote diagnostic system. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Witt JF (2016) Court Provocateur. New York Times BR27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirshner 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kirshner 2003, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cincotta and Crane 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sato et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Physiology A
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Physiol. A Neuroethol. Sens. Neural Behav. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0340-7594
ISSN (online)1432-1351
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Behavioral Neuroscience

Other styles