How to format your references using the International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C., 2015. Screening: Early alert. Nature 521, S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lilley, B.N., Ploegh, H.L., 2004. A membrane protein required for dislocation of misfolded proteins from the ER. Nature 429, 834–840.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sato, T.K., Overduin, M., Emr, S.D., 2001. Location, location, location: membrane targeting directed by PX domains. Science 294, 1881–1885.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ying, Q.-L., Nichols, J., Evans, E.P., Smith, A.G., 2002. Changing potency by spontaneous fusion. Nature 416, 545–548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, R.C., 2010. The Hedge Fund Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Abergel, F., Aoyama, H., Chakrabarti, B.K., Chakraborti, A., Ghosh, A. (Eds.), 2015. Econophysics and Data Driven Modelling of Market Dynamics, New Economic Windows. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
du Plessis, J., Saenger, I., 2007. The Supervisory Board as Company Organ, in: Großfeld, B., Luttermann, C., Saenger, I., Sandrock, O. (Eds.), German Corporate Governance in International and European Context. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. NASA Is Moving Its Dawn Spacecraft Into A Higher Orbit Around Ceres [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Amtrak: Management and Accountability Issues Contribute to Unprofitability of Food and Beverage Service (No. GAO-05-761T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maddox, C.E., 2012. Postcolonial play: Encounters with sport and physical culture in contemporary India (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2010. Southern Barbecue, Up North. New York Times NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lilley and Ploegh, 2004; Willyard, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lilley and Ploegh, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ying et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
AbbreviationInt. J. Heat Fluid Flow
ISSN (print)0142-727X
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Mechanical Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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