How to format your references using the International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowerman, B., 2005. Cell biology. Oxidative stress and cancer: a beta-catenin convergence. Science 308, 1119–1120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hedges, S.B., Kumar, S., 2002. Genomics. Vertebrate genomes compared. Science 297, 1283–1285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Basu, P., Qiu, J., Powell, K., 2008. Making a difference. Nature 455, 1002–1003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meghraoui, M., Delouis, B., Ferry, M., Giardini, D., Huggenberger, P., Spottke, I., Granet, M., 2001. Active normal faulting in the upper Rhine graben and paleoseismic identification of the 1356 Basel earthquake. Science 293, 2070–2073.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Illian, J., Penttinen, A., Stoyan, H., Stoyan, D., 2008. Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Heywang, W., 2008. Piezoelectricity: Evolution and Future of a Technology, Springer Series in Materials Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuo, N.-C., 2012. Achieving Education for All –Together, in: Tatto, M.T. (Ed.), Learning and Doing Policy Analysis in Education: Examining Diverse Approaches to Increasing Educational Access. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 93–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Skin Cancer Drug Allows Fruit Flies to Live Longer [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects (No. GAO-11-239SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kamis, R.P., 2013. The Relationship between Expanded Concepts of Self and Well-Being (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2016. Just What the Candidate Ordered. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowerman, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bowerman, 2005; Hedges and Kumar, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hedges and Kumar, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Meghraoui et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
AbbreviationInt. J. Heat Fluid Flow
ISSN (print)0142-727X
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Mechanical Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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