How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, Erika. 2004. “Retraction Signals End of Cell-Biology Debate.” Nature 427 (6975): 574.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stagon, Stephen P., and Hanchen Huang. 2013. “Airtight Metallic Sealing at Room Temperature under Small Mechanical Pressure.” Scientific Reports 3 (October): 3066.
A journal article with 3 authors
Achlioptas, Dimitris, Raissa M. D’Souza, and Joel Spencer. 2009. “Explosive Percolation in Random Networks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5920): 1453–1455.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nepstad, D., D. McGrath, A. Alencar, A. C. Barros, G. Carvalho, M. Santilli, and M. del C. Vera Diaz. 2002. “Environment. Frontier Governance in Amazonia.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5555): 629–631.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan, Ernest P. 2013. Algorithmic Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Breckle, Siegmar-W, Walter Wucherer, Liliya A. Dimeyeva, and Nathalia P. Ogar, eds. 2012. Aralkum - a Man-Made Desert: The Desiccated Floor of the Aral Sea (Central Asia). Vol. 218. Ecological Studies, Analysis and Synthesis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Itino, Takao, and Akira S. Hirao. 2016. “Plant Genetic Diversity and Plant–Pollinator Interactions Along Altitudinal Gradients.” In Structure and Function of Mountain Ecosystems in Japan: Biodiversity and Vulnerability to Climate Change, edited by Gaku Kudo, 63–88. Ecological Research Monographs. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Asia.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “Millions Of Parasitic Wasps Released In The US In Attempt To Control Invasive Beetle.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Nextgen Air Transportation System: Mechanisms for Collaboration and Technology Transfer Could Be Enhanced to More Fully Leverage Partner Agency and Industry Resources. GAO-11-604. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norman, Cherie L. 2015. “Perceptions of Non-Traditional Programs within Missouri School Districts.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, Michael R. 2017. “How the President Wrongly Blamed The Times for a Terrorist’s Survival.” New York Times, July 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2004; Stagon and Huang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stagon and Huang 2013)
  • Three authors: (Achlioptas, D’Souza, and Spencer 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nepstad et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Asia
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Asia
ISSN (print)0047-2336
ISSN (online)1752-7554
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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