How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weydt, P. 2000. “Biomedical Centre Memorial to Victims of Nazi Research.” Nature 403 (6772): 816.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pallen, Mark J., and Brendan W. Wren. 2007. “Bacterial Pathogenomics.” Nature 449 (7164): 835–842.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayes, Dugan, Graham B. Griffin, and Gregory S. Engel. 2014. “Response to Comment on ‘Engineering Coherence among Excited States in Synthetic Heterodimer Systems.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6188): 1099.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Urani, Alexandre, Raoul Tan, Renzo Rubele, and Daniel Mietchen. 2004. “Scientists and Societies: Giving Young European Students a Voice.” Nature 427 (6972): 378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Al-Shuhail, Abdullatif A., Saleh A. Al-Dossary, and Wail A. Mousa. 2017. Seismic Data Interpretation Using Digital Image Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Goyal, Sagar M., ed. 2006. Viruses in Foods. Food Microbiology and Food Safety. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Heun, Matthew Kuperus, Michael Carbajales-Dale, and Becky Roselius Haney. 2015. “Stocks and Flows of Embodied Energy.” In Beyond GDP: National Accounting in the Age of Resource Depletion, edited by Michael Carbajales-Dale and Becky Roselius Haney, 91–107. Lecture Notes in Energy. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Asia.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. “Awesome Animation Shows You What Colorblind People See.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. B-2 Bomber: Review of the Air Force’s Decision to Change Extremely High Frequency Satellite Communications Antennas. GAO-11-180R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Downey, Sean S. 2009. “Resilient Networks and and the Historical Ecology of Q’eqchi’ Maya Swidden Agriculture.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2017. “Deep Into Arkansas Gang Life.” New York Times, September 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weydt 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Weydt 2000; Pallen and Wren 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pallen and Wren 2007)
  • Three authors: (Hayes, Griffin, and Engel 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Urani et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Asia
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Asia
ISSN (print)0047-2336
ISSN (online)1752-7554
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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