How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaeberlein, Matt. 2010. “Lessons on Longevity from Budding Yeast.” Nature 464 (7288): 513–519.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, T. N., and J. Räisänen. 2002. “Quantifying the Risk of Extreme Seasonal Precipitation Events in a Changing Climate.” Nature 415 (6871): 512–514.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cincotta, R. P., J. Wisnewski, and R. Engelman. 2000. “Human Population in the Biodiversity Hotspots.” Nature 404 (6781): 990–992.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Liu, Zhida, Hang Zhou, Wenjun Wang, Wenjie Tan, Yang-Xin Fu, and Mingzhao Zhu. 2014. “A Novel Method for Synthetic Vaccine Construction Based on Protein Assembly.” Scientific Reports 4 (December): 7266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reinke, Petra. 2012. Inorganic Nanostructures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kumar, M. S. N., M. Tafalla, and P. Caselli, eds. 2005. Cores to Clusters: A Scientific Autobiography. Vol. 324. Astrophysics and Space Science Library. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kubczak, Christian, Tiziana Margaria, Bernhard Steffen, and Ralf Nagel. 2009. “Service-Oriented Mediation with JABC/JETI.” In Semantic Web Services Challenge: Results from the First Year, edited by Charles Petrie, Tiziana Margaria, Holger Lausen, and Michal Zaremba, 71–99. Semantic Web And Beyond. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Asia.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Largest Ever Yellow Hypergiant Star Spotted.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Health Information Technology: More Detailed Plans Needed for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Redesigned BioSense Program. GAO-09-100. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hitchings, Jack D. 2008. “Teachers’ Perceptions of Evidence-Based Decision Making: A Case Study of Three Schools in British Columbia.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2009. “Takeout That Moved On.” New York Times, November 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaeberlein 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kaeberlein 2010; Palmer and Räisänen 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer and Räisänen 2002)
  • Three authors: (Cincotta, Wisnewski, and Engelman 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Asia
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Asia
ISSN (print)0047-2336
ISSN (online)1752-7554
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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