How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Visbeck, Martin. 2002. “Climate. The Ocean’s Role in Atlantic Climate Variability.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5590): 2223–2224.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benfey, Philip N., and Thomas Mitchell-Olds. 2008. “From Genotype to Phenotype: Systems Biology Meets Natural Variation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5875): 495–497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Finlay, Jacques C., Gaston E. Small, and Robert W. Sterner. 2013. “Human Influences on Nitrogen Removal in Lakes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342 (6155): 247–250.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Muneepeerakul, Rachata, Enrico Bertuzzo, Heather J. Lynch, William F. Fagan, Andrea Rinaldo, and Ignacio Rodriguez-Iturbe. 2008. “Neutral Metacommunity Models Predict Fish Diversity Patterns in Mississippi-Missouri Basin.” Nature 453 (7192): 220–222.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port, Michael. 2008. Beyond Booked Solid. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Deconinck, Herman, and E. Dick, eds. 2009. Computational Fluid Dynamics 2006: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, ICCFD, Ghent, Belgium, 10-14 July 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Uchihashi, Takayuki, Noriyuki Kodera, and Toshio Ando. 2013. “Nanovisualization of Proteins in Action Using High-Speed AFM.” In Single-Molecule Studies of Proteins, edited by Andres F. Oberhauser, 119–147. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Asia.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “This Volcano’s Lava Is So Cold You Can Fall In And Survive.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Information Technology: Consistently Applying Best Practices Could Help IRS Improve the Reliability of Reported Cost and Schedule Information. GAO-13-401. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Casale, Natalie. 2015. “Generational Preferences in Marketing Medium Selections of Animal Adoptions in Nonprofit Organizations: A Correlational Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, Jim. 2016. “’60s TV, Taxes and a Taste of Trump.” New York Times, October 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Visbeck 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Visbeck 2002; Benfey and Mitchell-Olds 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benfey and Mitchell-Olds 2008)
  • Three authors: (Finlay, Small, and Sterner 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Muneepeerakul et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Asia
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Asia
ISSN (print)0047-2336
ISSN (online)1752-7554
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

Other styles