How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buzsáki, György. 2005. “Neuroscience. Similar Is Different in Hippocampal Networks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5734): 568–569.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brunnschweiler, C. N., and E. H. Bulte. 2008. “Economics. Linking Natural Resources to Slow Growth and More Conflict.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5876): 616–617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zwieniecki, M. A., P. J. Melcher, and N. M. Michele Holbrook. 2001. “Hydrogel Control of Xylem Hydraulic Resistance in Plants.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5506): 1059–1062.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Stewart, Grant S., Bin Wang, Colin R. Bignell, A. Malcolm R. Taylor, and Stephen J. Elledge. 2003. “MDC1 Is a Mediator of the Mammalian DNA Damage Checkpoint.” Nature 421 (6926): 961–966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ganda, Kanchan M. 2013. Dentist’s Guide to Medical Conditions, Medications, and Complications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nguyen, Hoa Huu Phuc, and M. Angela Cenci, eds. 2015. Behavioral Neurobiology of Huntington’s Disease and Parkinson’s Disease. Vol. 22. Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Capozza, Ivana. 2006. “A Dynamic Game of Technology Diffusion under Emissions Trading: An Experiment.” In Emissions Trading and Business, edited by Ralf Antes, Bernd Hansjürgens, and Peter Letmathe, 53–71. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Asia.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “Private Company Given Permission To Land On The Moon For The First Time Ever.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Airfield Pavement: Keeping Nation’s Runways in Good Condition Could Require Substantially Higher Spending. RCED-98-226. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wong, Andrea N. 2013. “The Model Minority at Risk: Barriers to Mental Health Access for Chinese Americans.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McWHORTER, John. 2017. “Patience Is a (Sexual) Virtue.” New York Times, February 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buzsáki 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Buzsáki 2005; Brunnschweiler and Bulte 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brunnschweiler and Bulte 2008)
  • Three authors: (Zwieniecki, Melcher, and Michele Holbrook 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Stewart et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Asia
AbbreviationJ. Contemp. Asia
ISSN (print)0047-2336
ISSN (online)1752-7554
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies

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