How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond J. (2010) Social science. The benefits of multilingualism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330, 332–333.
A journal article with 2 authors
Côté J-F, Vuori K. (2009) Cell biology. Two lipids that give direction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324, 346–347.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sinsabaugh RL, Hill BH, Follstad Shah JJ. (2009) Ecoenzymatic stoichiometry of microbial organic nutrient acquisition in soil and sediment. Nature, 462, 795–798.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Tapley BD, Bettadpur S, Ries JC, Thompson PF, Watkins MM. (2004) GRACE measurements of mass variability in the Earth system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305, 503–505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lastovetsky A. (2003) Parallel Computing on Heterogeneous Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Keirsbilck B, Devroe W, Claes E (Eds.). (2009) Facing the Limits of the Law. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu Y, Chen L. (2013) Control of Chaotic Attitude Motion. In: Chaos in Attitude Dynamics of Spacecraft, L Chen, Ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 131–163.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2014) Amazing Footage Of Dolphins And Whales Taken Via Drone. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005) Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. No. GAO-06-199R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker T. (2014) Psychoeducational support groups for postadoptive parents: A grant-writing projectDoctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. (2008) Gun-Control Case Causes Bush Administration Rift. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamond, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Côté and Vuori, 2009; Diamond, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Côté and Vuori, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Sinsabaugh et al., 2009)
  • Four or more authors: (Tapley et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Pathology
ISSN (print)0021-9975
ISSN (online)1532-3129

Other styles