How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carpenter BK. (2011) Chemistry. Taking the high road and getting there before you. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332, 1269–1270.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ekström G, Stark CP. (2013) Simple scaling of catastrophic landslide dynamics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339, 1416–1419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harrington J, Palethorpe S, Watson CI. (2000) Does the Queen speak the Queen’s English? Nature, 408, 927–928.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Shim H-W, Lim A-H, Kim J-C, Jang E, Seo S-D et al. (2013) Scalable one-pot bacteria-templating synthesis route toward hierarchical, porous-Co3O4 superstructures for supercapacitor electrodes. Scientific reports, 3, 2325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunker G, Thomson D. (2006) Delivering Utility Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Meyers RA (Ed.). (2011) Complex Systems in Finance and Econometrics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Do LLTN, Nguyen Do LLT, Axe JB, McKnight C, Ball CR et al. (2011) 2008 Education for All Handicapped Children Act. In: Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development, S Goldstein, JA Naglieri, Eds., Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 547–548.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Pathology.

Blog post
Davis J. (2015) Bats Worth Over A Billion Dollars In Pest Control Services. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995) Technology: America’s Schools Not Designed or Equipped for 21st Century. No. T-HEHS-95-127. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sundell M. (2009) From fine art to fashion: Man Ray’s ambivalent avant-gardeDoctoral dissertation, Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Thrush G, Shear MD, Sullivan E. (2017) Former General Taking Control At White House. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carpenter, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Carpenter, 2011; Ekström and Stark, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ekström and Stark, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Harrington et al., 2000)
  • Four or more authors: (Shim et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Pathology
ISSN (print)0021-9975
ISSN (online)1532-3129

Other styles