How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer MN. (2014) Misjudgements will drive social trials underground. Nature, 511, 265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bradshaw WE, Holzapfel CM. (2006) Climate change. Evolutionary response to rapid climate change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312, 1477–1478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Archibald JD, Averianov AO, Ekdale EG. (2001) Late Cretaceous relatives of rabbits, rodents, and other extant eutherian mammals. Nature, 414, 62–65.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Scott TF, Schneider AD, Cook WD, Bowman CN. (2005) Photoinduced plasticity in cross-linked polymers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308, 1615–1617.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Rewini H, Abd-El-Barr M. (2004) Advanced Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chung S-H, Andersen OS, Krishnamurthy V (Eds.). (2007) Biological Membrane Ion Channels: Dynamics, Structure, and Applications. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Levine SN, Smith JO Iii. (2007) A Compact and Malleable Sines+Transients+Noise Model for Sound. In: Analysis, Synthesis, and Perception of Musical Sounds: The Sound of Music, JW Beauchamp, Ed., Springer, New York, NY, pp. 145–174.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2015) Losing Bees Will Sting More Than Just Our Taste For Honey. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996) Programs for Land-Grant Schools. No. HEHS-96-91R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Genc A. (2008) Phase Stability in Metallic MultilayersDoctoral dissertation, Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. (2016) Here’s a Solution. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meyer, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bradshaw and Holzapfel, 2006; Meyer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bradshaw and Holzapfel, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Archibald et al., 2001)
  • Four or more authors: (Scott et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Pathology
ISSN (print)0021-9975
ISSN (online)1532-3129

Other styles