How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon J. (2008) The Gonzo Scientist. Can scientists dance? Science (New York, N.Y.), 319, 905.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaplinsky NJ, Barton MK. (2004) Plant biology. Plant acupuncture: sticking PINs in the right places. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306, 822–823.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmitz B, Häggström T, Tassinari M. (2003) Sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial chromite traces a major asteroid disruption event. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300, 961–964.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
van den Bogaart G, Meyenberg K, Risselada HJ, Amin H, Willig KI et al. (2011) Membrane protein sequestering by ionic protein-lipid interactions. Nature, 479, 552–555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Strohfeldt KA. (2015) Essentials of Inorganic Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lazaridis M, Colbeck I (Eds.). (2010) Human Exposure to Pollutants via Dermal Absorption and Inhalation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Calvetti D, Somersalo E. (2007) Basic problem in numerical linear algebra. In: Introduction to Bayesian Scientific Computing: Ten Lectures on Subjective Computing, E Somersalo, Ed., Springer, New York, NY, pp. 61–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Pathology.

Blog post
Hale T. (2015) Check Out These Amazing Artworks Created With Microbes In A Petri Dish. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007) Higher Education: Information Sharing Could Help Institutions Identify and Address Challenges Some Asian Americans and Pacific Islander Students Face. No. GAO-07-925. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verret JE. (2019) Property Tax Limitations, School District Revenues, and Equity: Analyses of Pennsylvania’s Act OneDoctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tackett M. (2017) Puerto Rico’s Hurricane Victims Could Find Political Clout in Florida. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kaplinsky and Barton, 2004; Bohannon, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaplinsky and Barton, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Schmitz et al., 2003)
  • Four or more authors: (van den Bogaart et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Pathology
ISSN (print)0021-9975
ISSN (online)1532-3129

Other styles