How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman M. (2006) The quiet rise of the clinical contractor. Nature, 441, 22–23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morrison SJ, Kimble J. (2006) Asymmetric and symmetric stem-cell divisions in development and cancer. Nature, 441, 1068–1074.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schummers J, Yu H, Sur M. (2008) Tuned responses of astrocytes and their influence on hemodynamic signals in the visual cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320, 1638–1643.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Choi SH, Boo SJ, Lee J-H, Kang YC. (2014) Electrochemical properties of tungsten sulfide-carbon composite microspheres prepared by spray pyrolysis. Scientific reports, 4, 5755.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gavin H, Porter T. (2014) Female Aggression. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Thyssen JP, Maibach HI (Eds.). (2014) Filaggrin: Basic Science, Epidemiology, Clinical Aspects and Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Noor NM, Abdullah S. (2015) A Data-Driven Study of the English Lexical Verbs Some Quantitative and Qualitative Evidence in Learners’ Academic Writing. In: Proceedings of the Colloquium on Administrative Science and Technology: CoAST 2013, R Hashim, AB Abdul Majeed, Eds., Springer, Singapore, pp. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. (2013) Strange, newly-discovered exoplanet defies planetary formation theories. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000) Early Childhood Programs: Characteristics Affect the Availability of School Readiness Information. No. HEHS-00-38. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kafi W. (2013) The effects of patient demographic variables on cesarean section-related surgical site infection ratesDoctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J. (2016) Grandmasters to Face Off in Tiebreaker. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Morrison and Kimble, 2006; Wadman, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morrison and Kimble, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Schummers et al., 2008)
  • Four or more authors: (Choi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Pathology
ISSN (print)0021-9975
ISSN (online)1532-3129

Other styles