How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker J. (2007) Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Water, water, not everywhere? Introduction to special issue. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317, 1705.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willenbring JK, von Blanckenburg F. (2010) Long-term stability of global erosion rates and weathering during late-Cenozoic cooling. Nature, 465, 211–214.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dyall SD, Brown MT, Johnson PJ. (2004) Ancient invasions: from endosymbionts to organelles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304, 253–257.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Pilania G, Wang C, Jiang X, Rajasekaran S, Ramprasad R. (2013) Accelerating materials property predictions using machine learning. Scientific reports, 3, 2810.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bradford R. (2015) Is Shakespeare Any Good? John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Tynjälä P, Stenström M-L, Saarnivaara M (Eds.). (2012) Transitions and Transformations in Learning and Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Han Y-S, Ko S-K, Salomaa K. (2014) State Complexity of Deletion. In: Developments in Language Theory: 18th International Conference, DLT 2014, Ekaterinburg, Russia, August 26-29, 2014. Proceedings, AM Shur, MV Volkov, Eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Pathology.

Blog post
Davis J. (2015) One In Eight Children Currently At Risk Of Measles In The U.S. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990) Supplemental Student Loans: Legislative Changes Have Sharply Reduced Loan Volume. No. HRD-90-149FS. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fan H-T. (2012) Design of delta operator based decision feedback equalizer for high-speed backplane data communicationDoctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Austen I, Gladstone R. (2014) Gunman’s Attack on Parliament Shakes Ottawa. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2007; Willenbring and von Blanckenburg, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Willenbring and von Blanckenburg, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Dyall et al., 2004)
  • Four or more authors: (Pilania et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Pathology
ISSN (print)0021-9975
ISSN (online)1532-3129

Other styles