How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Asian Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Asian Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham, S. (2003). Finding your way. Nature, 425(6954), 209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chien, P., & Weissman, J. S. (2001). Conformational diversity in a yeast prion dictates its seeding specificity. Nature, 410(6825), 223–227.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serreze, M. C., Holland, M. M., & Stroeve, J. (2007). Perspectives on the Arctic’s shrinking sea-ice cover. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5818), 1533–1536.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Masopust, D., Vezys, V., Marzo, A. L., & Lefrançois, L. (2001). Preferential localization of effector memory cells in nonlymphoid tissue. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5512), 2413–2417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mesterton-Gibbons, M. (2007). A Concrete Approach to Mathematical Modelling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Beatley, T. (Ed.). (2012). Green Cities of Europe: Global Lessons on Green Urbanism. Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.
A chapter in an edited book
Bothma, F. C., Roodt, G., & van de Bunt-Kokhuis, S. (2015). Subjective and Objective Work-Based Identity Consequences. In P. G. W. Jansen & G. Roodt (Eds.), Conceptualising and Measuring Work Identity: South-African Perspectives and Findings (pp. 117–147). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Asian Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, October 22). What is a comet, and will ISON explode? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). [Comments on H.R. 4086] (B-208159.9). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz-Quiusky, S. (2015). Substance abuse, smoking, and depression among military veterans [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000, September 5). Unspectacular, but Advancing. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buckingham, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Buckingham, 2003; Chien & Weissman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chien & Weissman, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Serreze et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Masopust et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Asian Development
ISSN (print)1533-9114
ISSN (online)2150-5403
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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