How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Asian Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Asian Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLaren, A. (2000). Art imitates life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5472), 1777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pflamm-Altenburg, J., & Kroupa, P. (2008). Clustered star formation as a natural explanation for the Halpha cut-off in disk galaxies. Nature, 455(7213), 641–643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alben, S., Shelley, M., & Zhang, J. (2002). Drag reduction through self-similar bending of a flexible body. Nature, 420(6915), 479–481.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gomez, E. F., Venkatraman, V., Grote, J. G., & Steckl, A. J. (2014). DNA bases thymine and adenine in bio-organic light emitting diodes. Scientific Reports, 4, 7105.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMillan, E. J. (2010). Not-for-Profit Budgeting and Financial Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Meheus, J., & Nickles, T. (Eds.). (2009). Models of Discovery and Creativity (Vol. 3). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bartlett, L., & Mogusu, E. (2013). Teachers’ Understandings And Implementation Of Learner-Centered Pedagogy. In L. Bartlett (Ed.), Teaching in Tension: International Pedagogies, National Policies, and Teachers’ Practices in Tanzania (pp. 61–74). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Asian Development.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, April 18). Cuckoos Use Mafia Tactics, And They Work. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Air Force Pilots: U.S. Air Force Requirements, Inventory, and Related Data (NSIAD-88-163). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Phillips, T. L. (2012). “Outsider Within” Narratives of Diversity Leadership: An Exploratory Case Study of Executive Women of Color [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2010, May 9). Irish Inspiration; French Twists. New York Times, NJ16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McLaren, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (McLaren, 2000; Pflamm-Altenburg & Kroupa, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pflamm-Altenburg & Kroupa, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Alben et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gomez et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Asian Development
ISSN (print)1533-9114
ISSN (online)2150-5403
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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