How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Asian Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Asian Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2002). Job insecurity. Nature, 419(6910), 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma, F., & Wills, B. J. (2001). Discovery of hidden blazars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5524), 2050–2053.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruefli-Brasse, A. A., French, D. M., & Dixit, V. M. (2003). Regulation of NF-kappaB-dependent lymphocyte activation and development by paracaspase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5650), 1581–1584.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Quan, T., Li, J., Zhou, H., Li, S., Zheng, T., Yang, Z., … Zeng, S. (2014). Digital reconstruction of the cell body in dense neural circuits using a spherical-coordinated variational model. Scientific Reports, 4, 4970.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boddy, R., & Smith, G. (2010). Effective Experimentation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nixon, M. S. (2006). Human Identification Based on Gait. (T. Tan & R. Chellappa, Eds.) (Vol. 4). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Chow, J. H., & Galarza, R. J. (2013). Excitation System Aggregation. In J. H. Chow (Ed.), Power System Coherency and Model Reduction (pp. 73–90). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Asian Development.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, February 1). This Robotic Flying Bat Could Be The Future Of Drones. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Forest Service: Status of Geographic Information System Acquisition (No. IMTEC-89-27). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wirtz, Y. (2017). Strain Variation between the Monterey and Sisquoc Formations, Southern Santa Maria Basin, California, USA: Implications for Structural Assessment of Fold and Thrust Belts (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2012, May 6). From Misfit With Blog To Author With Deal. New York Times, p. A31B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Ma & Wills, 2001; Smaglik, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ma & Wills, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Ruefli-Brasse, French, & Dixit, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Quan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Asian Development
ISSN (print)1533-9114
ISSN (online)2150-5403
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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