How to format your references using the Journal of Community Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Community Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ingebritsen SE (2012) Geochemistry. Modeling the formation of porphyry-copper ores. Science 338:1551–1552
A journal article with 2 authors
May M, Brody H (2015) Nature Index 2015 Global. Nature 522:S1
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen J, Rashid T, Feng G (2014) Esterase in imported fire ants, Solenopsis invicta and S. richteri (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): activity, kinetics and variation. Sci Rep 4:7112
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Knight TM, McCoy MW, Chase JM, et al (2005) Trophic cascades across ecosystems. Nature 437:880–883

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sagolla D (2009) 140 Characters. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Holmes WH (2014) Statistical Literacy for Clinical Practitioners. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Hitchmough RA, Patterson GB, Chapple DG (2016) Putting a Name to Diversity: Taxonomy of the New Zealand Lizard Fauna. In: Chapple DG (ed) New Zealand Lizards. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 87–108

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Community Genetics.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Parasitic Birds Plan Their Hits Like Professional Burglars. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Race to the Top: Characteristics of Grantees’ Amended Programs and Education’s Review Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liza JS (2009) Mentors’ perceptions of bullying in middle and high school settings. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M (2017) When the Fire Fades. New York Times AR1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ingebritsen 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ingebritsen 2012; May and Brody 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (May and Brody 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Knight et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Community Genetics
AbbreviationJ. Community Genet.
ISSN (print)1868-310X
ISSN (online)1868-6001
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles