How to format your references using the Journal of Community Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Community Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wagner PJ (2015) EVOLUTION. One era you are in—the next you are out. Science 350:736–737
A journal article with 2 authors
Frank J, Agrawal RK (2000) A ratchet-like inter-subunit reorganization of the ribosome during translocation. Nature 406:318–322
A journal article with 3 authors
Giribet G, Edgecombe GD, Wheeler WC (2001) Arthropod phylogeny based on eight molecular loci and morphology. Nature 413:157–161
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Treusch S, Hamamichi S, Goodman JL, et al (2011) Functional links between Aβ toxicity, endocytic trafficking, and Alzheimer’s disease risk factors in yeast. Science 334:1241–1245

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yin G (2011) Clinical Trial Design: Bayesian and Frequentist Adaptive Methods. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chulaevsky V (2014) Multi-scale Analysis for Random Quantum Systems with Interaction. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Moore GJ, Puglia FJ, Gulbinska MK (2014) Lithium-ion Cells for High-End Applications. In: Gulbinska MK (ed) Lithium-ion Battery Materials and Engineering: Current Topics and Problems from the Manufacturing Perspective. Springer, London, pp 89–113

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Community Genetics.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Researchers Figure Out The “Golden Rule” Of Internet Dating. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Federal Software Licenses: Better Management Needed to Achieve Significant Savings Government-Wide. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ratzlaff K (2012) Dynamics of chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) infection in amphibians in the Rincon Mountains and Tucson, Arizona. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr, Baker AL (2016) Quest for New Life Ends in Tangle of Gang Ties. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wagner 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Frank and Agrawal 2000; Wagner 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frank and Agrawal 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Treusch et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Community Genetics
AbbreviationJ. Community Genet.
ISSN (print)1868-310X
ISSN (online)1868-6001
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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