How to format your references using the Journal of Community Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Community Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wyatt TD (2009) Fifty years of pheromones. Nature 457:262–263
A journal article with 2 authors
Efferson C, Vogt S (2013) Viewing men’s faces does not lead to accurate predictions of trustworthiness. Sci Rep 3:1047
A journal article with 3 authors
Serabyn E, Mawet D, Burruss R (2010) An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star. Nature 464:1018–1020
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Parnell J, Boyce AJ, Hurst A, et al (2013) Long term geological record of a global deep subsurface microbial habitat in sand injection complexes. Sci Rep 3:1828

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Poikselkä M, Mayer G, Khartabil H, Niemi A (2004) The IMS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Quinn KG (ed) (2012) The Economics of the National Football League: The State of the Art. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Pereira B de B, Pereira CA de B (2016) Support and Simulation Methods. In: Pereira CA de B (ed) Model Choice in Nonnested Families. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Community Genetics.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Heart Disease on a Chip. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Amtrak: Issues for Reauthorization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lovejoy LP (2010) On the control of selective attention in the primate superior colliculus. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2017) Grand and Beloved (Sometimes Hated). New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wyatt 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Wyatt 2009; Efferson and Vogt 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Efferson and Vogt 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Parnell et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Community Genetics
AbbreviationJ. Community Genet.
ISSN (print)1868-310X
ISSN (online)1868-6001
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles