How to format your references using the Journal of Community Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Community Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuyuno I (2006) Stuck in the middle. Nature 442:237
A journal article with 2 authors
Merrell DS, Falkow S (2004) Frontal and stealth attack strategies in microbial pathogenesis. Nature 430:250–256
A journal article with 3 authors
Ekström G, Nettles M, Tsai VC (2006) Seasonality and increasing frequency of Greenland glacial earthquakes. Science 311:1756–1758
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Visscher PM, Smith D, Hall SJ, et al (2001) A viable herd of genetically uniform cattle. Nature 409:303

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aichinger M, Binder A (2013) A Workout in Computational Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Crockett LJ, Carlo G (eds) (2016) Rural Ethnic Minority Youth and Families in the United States: Theory, Research, and Applications, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Chodkiewicz H (2014) Fostering Strategy Use in a Reading-Based Course in EFL Academic Context: Students’ Perspectives. In: Gabryś-Barker D, Wojtaszek A (eds) Studying Second Language Acquisition from a Qualitative Perspective. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 49–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Community Genetics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) The Elements Of Life Have Been Mapped In Our Galaxy For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) [Request for Opinion Concerning Exchange Agreements Between Patent and Trademark Office and Private Firms]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hooper KJ (2017) Los Angeles School Police Department Arrest Diversion: A Process Evaluation. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Gertrude of Arabia. New York Times C7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuyuno 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Merrell and Falkow 2004; Fuyuno 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Merrell and Falkow 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Visscher et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Community Genetics
AbbreviationJ. Community Genet.
ISSN (print)1868-310X
ISSN (online)1868-6001
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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