How to format your references using the Journal of Community Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Community Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koshland DE Jr (2007) Philosophy of science. The Cha-Cha-Cha Theory of Scientific Discovery. Science 317:761–762
A journal article with 2 authors
Woolhouse MEJ, Ward MJ (2013) Microbiology. Sources of antimicrobial resistance. Science 341:1460–1461
A journal article with 3 authors
Ko HW, Jiang J, Edery I (2002) Role for Slimb in the degradation of Drosophila Period protein phosphorylated by Doubletime. Nature 420:673–678
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Freitag M, Lee DW, Kothe GO, et al (2004) DNA methylation is independent of RNA interference in Neurospora. Science 304:1939

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bucci D (2017) Analog Electronics for Measuring Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mazumder SK (ed) (2011) Wireless Networking Based Control. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Gest H (2005) History of the word photosynthesis and evolution of its definition. In: Govindjee, Beatty JT, Gest H, Allen JF (eds) Discoveries in Photosynthesis. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 39–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Community Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Prey’s Eye View of Eagle Flight. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/prey’s-eye-view-eagle-flight/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) National Airspace System: Assessment of FAA’s Efforts to Augment the Global Positioning System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hagarty EP (2008) A predictive risk modeling system for the management of small-scale water and wastewater facilities: Toward long-term sustainability of our national parks. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Inspiring Horse Honored. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koshland 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Koshland 2007; Woolhouse and Ward 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woolhouse and Ward 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Freitag et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Community Genetics
AbbreviationJ. Community Genet.
ISSN (print)1868-310X
ISSN (online)1868-6001
ScopeEpidemiology
Genetics(clinical)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles