How to format your references using the Journal of Community Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Community Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pretty J (2003) Social capital and the collective management of resources. Science 302:1912–1914
A journal article with 2 authors
Krueger AB, Malecková J (2009) Attitudes and action: public opinion and the occurrence of international terrorism. Science 325:1534–1536
A journal article with 3 authors
Zaimi K, Ishak A, Pop I (2014) Boundary layer flow and heat transfer over a nonlinearly permeable stretching/shrinking sheet in a nanofluid. Sci Rep 4:4404
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Strand A, Asami T, Alonso J, et al (2003) Chloroplast to nucleus communication triggered by accumulation of Mg-protoporphyrinIX. Nature 421:79–83

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenberger WR (2005) Risk-Adjusted Lending Conditions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Shen HT, Pei J, Özsu MT, et al (eds) (2010) Web-Age Information Management: WAIM 2010 International Workshops: IWGD 2010, XMLDM 2010, WCMT 2010, Jiuzhaigou Valley, China, July 15-17, 2010 Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Scheumann M, Rabesandratana A, Zimmermann E (2007) Predation, Communication, and Cognition in Lemurs. In: Gursky SL, Nekaris KAI (eds) Primate Anti-Predator Strategies. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 100–126

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Community Genetics.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Ex-NASA Engineer Joins Uber To Develop Flying Car. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Los Angeles Red Line: Financing Decisions Could Affect This and Other Los Angeles County Rail Capital Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gogni de Tolentino MG (2010) Challenges and successes of monolingual Spanish-speaking foster parents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yaccino S, Cooper M (2013) Cries of Betrayal As Detroit Plans To Cut Pensions. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pretty 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Pretty 2003; Krueger and Malecková 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krueger and Malecková 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Strand et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Community Genetics
AbbreviationJ. Community Genet.
ISSN (print)1868-310X
ISSN (online)1868-6001
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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