How to format your references using the Case Studies in Construction Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Studies in Construction Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Denison, Worlds of IIF, Nature. 406 (2000) 680.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Jean-Baptiste, E. Fourré, Arctic Ocean: hydrothermal activity on Gakkel Ridge, Nature. 428 (2004) 36.
A journal article with 3 authors
S.P. Good, D. Noone, G. Bowen, WATER RESOURCES. Hydrologic connectivity constrains partitioning of global terrestrial water fluxes, Science. 349 (2015) 175–177.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.D. Sarbassov, D.A. Guertin, S.M. Ali, D.M. Sabatini, Phosphorylation and regulation of Akt/PKB by the rictor-mTOR complex, Science. 307 (2005) 1098–1101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Firth-Cozens, J. Harrison, How to Survive in Medicine, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
H. Reimer, N. Pohlmann, W. Schneider, eds., ISSE 2014 Securing Electronic Business Processes: Highlights of the Information Security Solutions Europe 2014 Conference, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Gharib, P. Giorgini, Modeling and Reasoning About Information Quality Requirements, in: S.A. Fricker, K. Schneider (Eds.), Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: 21st International Working Conference, REFSQ 2015, Essen, Germany, March 23-26, 2015. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Studies in Construction Materials.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Astronomers Produce Detailed Map Of Hydrogen In The Milky Way, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Comments on “The Government Can Be More Productive in Collecting Its Debts by Following Commercial Practices,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.E. Lopez, Understanding and responding to culturally based spiritual phenomena among Latino clinicians, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, An Announcement Hits the Right Note, New York Times. (2014) B21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Studies in Construction Materials
AbbreviationCase Stud. Constr. Mater.
ISSN (print)2214-5095
ScopeMaterials Science (miscellaneous)

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