How to format your references using the Journal of Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, J (2005 ). American Society of Gene Therapy meeting. Retroviral vectors: a double-edged sword. Science. 308 1735–6
A journal article with 2 authors
Dove, W and Susman, M (2012 ). Retrospective. James F. Crow (1916-2012). Science. 335 812
A journal article with 3 authors
Hnasko, T S, Sotak, B N and Palmiter, R D (2005 ). Morphine reward in dopamine-deficient mice. Nature. 438 854–7
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vickers, N J, Christensen, T A, Baker, T C and Hildebrand, J G (2001 ). Odour-plume dynamics influence the brain’s olfactory code. Nature. 410 466–70

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodman, A H (2012 ). Rehabilitating and Resettling Offenders in the Community. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
(2016 ). The Social Sciences of Quantification: From Politics of Large Numbers to Target-Driven Policies. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Scott, M M and Frew, A J (2013 ). Exploring the Role of In-Trip Applications for Sustainable Tourism: Expert Perspectives. Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2013: Proceedings of the International Conference in Innsbruck, Austria, January 22-25, 2013. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 36–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Combinatorics.

Blog post
Luntz, S (2016 ). Protective Coating Could Revolutionize Waterproofing. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999 ). Social Security Administration: Update on Year 2000 and Other Key Information Technology Initiatives. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, L (2010 ). A Cross-Cultural Examination of the Needs and Behaviors of Female Caregivers of Cancer Patients at the End of Life: A Theoretical Elaboration. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M (1992 ). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: In Hindsight; Texas-Size Failure. New York Times. 111

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Combinatorics
AbbreviationJ. Comb.
ISSN (print)2156-3527
ISSN (online)2150-959X

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