How to format your references using the Journal of Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, S (2009 ). Journal club. A neuroscientist explores the energy efficiency of the brain. Nature. 461 851
A journal article with 2 authors
Wardle, D A and Zackrisson, O (2005 ). Effects of species and functional group loss on island ecosystem properties. Nature. 435 806–10
A journal article with 3 authors
Osawa, M, Anderson, D E and Erickson, H P (2008 ). Reconstitution of contractile FtsZ rings in liposomes. Science. 320 792–4
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barabash, S, Fedorov, A, Lundin, R and Sauvaud, J-A (2007 ). Martian atmospheric erosion rates. Science. 315 501–3

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shand, M A (2006 ). The Chemistry and Technology of Magnesia. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
(2013 ). Regional Environmental Changes in Siberia and Their Global Consequences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Smyth, M (2011 ). Review of Existing Solar Wineries. Solar Energy in the Winemaking Industry. Springer, London. 241–356

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Combinatorics.

Blog post
Davis, J (2015 ). White House set to Lift Restrictions on Marijuana Research. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977 ). Request for Assistance on Allegations From K. R. Higgins Concerning Planning Research Corporation’s Contract at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kovacev, R J (2008 ). Encouraging Employee Entrepreneurial Spirit: A Phenomenological Case Study of a Large Technology Enterprise. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Howard, J C and Kovaleski, S F (2016 ). Atticus, Here’s Drama on Your Turf. New York Times. C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Combinatorics
AbbreviationJ. Comb.
ISSN (print)2156-3527
ISSN (online)2150-959X

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