How to format your references using the Journal of Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zegers, R (2005 ). Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 5. Nature. 433 689
A journal article with 2 authors
Price, G D and Howitt, S M (2014 ). Plant science: Towards turbocharged photosynthesis. Nature. 513 497–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Wiedenheft, B, Sternberg, S H and Doudna, J A (2012 ). RNA-guided genetic silencing systems in bacteria and archaea. Nature. 482 331–8
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hansen, S G, Ford, J C, Lewis, M S, Ventura, A B, Hughes, C M, Coyne-Johnson, L, Whizin, N, Oswald, K, Shoemaker, R, Swanson, T, Legasse, A W, Chiuchiolo, M J, Parks, C L, Axthelm, M K, Nelson, J A, Jarvis, M A, Piatak, M, Jr, Lifson, J D and Picker, L J (2011 ). Profound early control of highly pathogenic SIV by an effector memory T-cell vaccine. Nature. 473 523–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hu, J C (2011 ). Asset Securitization. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809
An edited book
(2009 ). South American Primates: Comparative Perspectives in the Study of Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Fouque, J-P, Garnier, J, Papanicolaou, G and Sølna, K (2007 ). Effective Properties of Randomly Layered Media. Wave Propagation and Time Reversal in Randomly Layered Media. Springer, New York, NY. 61–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Combinatorics.

Blog post
Luntz, S (2015 ). Oldest Known Message-In-A-Bottle Found. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979 ). Protest of Contract Award to NASA by City of Los Angeles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nonu, M E (2017 ). Eagle Lake Climate Change during the Holocene and during the Last 100 Years. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Higgins, A (2013 ). Lawyers Hint At Possibility Of Recovery Of Stolen Art. New York Times. A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Combinatorics
AbbreviationJ. Comb.
ISSN (print)2156-3527
ISSN (online)2150-959X

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