How to format your references using the Journal of Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venema, L (2011 ). Silicon electronics and beyond. Nature. 479 309
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, A N and Long, S B (2012 ). Crystal structure of the human two-pore domain potassium channel K2P1. Science. 335 432–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Victor, D G, Gerlagh, R and Baiocchi, G (2014 ). Climate policy. Getting serious about categorizing countries. Science. 345 34–6
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clark, P U, Pisias, N G, Stocker, T F and Weaver, A J (2002 ). The role of the thermohaline circulation in abrupt climate change. Nature. 415 863–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chang, C M (2010 ). Service Systems Management and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Liu, H (2016 ). Rule Based Systems for Big Data: A Machine Learning Approach, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Chiang, C-C and Bayrak, C (2009 ). Concurrency and Time in Role-Based Access Control. Advances in Information Security and Its Application: Third International Conference, ISA 2009, Seoul, Korea, June 25-27, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 37–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Combinatorics.

Blog post
Luntz, S (2016 ). Common Swifts Stay Airborne For 10 Months Straight. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994 ). Federal Judicial Space Follow-Up. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laird, E C (2012 ). Training Social Workers to Use Solution-Focused Interviewing with Child Protective Services Clients: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lehman, S (2017 ). And Now for the Good News. New York Times. A2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Combinatorics
AbbreviationJ. Comb.
ISSN (print)2156-3527
ISSN (online)2150-959X

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