How to format your references using the Journal of Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bai, C (2005 ). Global voices of science. Ascent of nanoscience in China. Science. 309 61–3
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirwan, M L and Megonigal, J P (2013 ). Tidal wetland stability in the face of human impacts and sea-level rise. Nature. 504 53–60
A journal article with 3 authors
Dharmawardhana, C C, Misra, A and Ching, W-Y (2014 ). Quantum mechanical metric for internal cohesion in cement crystals. Sci. Rep. 4 7332
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yu, X, Chini, C C S, He, M, Mer, G and Chen, J (2003 ). The BRCT domain is a phospho-protein binding domain. Science. 302 639–42

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lachin, J M (2010 ). Biostatistical Methods: The Assessment of Relative Risks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fox, P F (2015 ). Dairy Chemistry and Biochemistry, 2nd ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Yeaman, M R and Bayer, A S (2006 ). Antimicrobial Peptides Versus Invasive Infections. Antimicrobial Peptides and Human Disease. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 111–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Combinatorics.

Blog post
Davis, J (2017 ). Australian Biosecurity Officials Incinerate Rare Botanical Collection Due To “Paperwork Mix-Up.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000 ). Pipeline Safety: The Office of Pipeline Safety Is Changing How It Oversees the Pipeline Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schutt, R (2010 ). Topics in Model-Based Population Inference. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, New York, NY

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger, S and Kanter, J (2017 ). Brexit Talks Stall as E.U. Presses Britain to Pay Up. New York Times. A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Combinatorics
AbbreviationJ. Comb.
ISSN (print)2156-3527
ISSN (online)2150-959X

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