How to format your references using the Journal of Combinatorics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Combinatorics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K (2004 ). Glittering prizes. Nature. 428 676–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Gross, R A and Kalra, B (2002 ). Biodegradable polymers for the environment. Science. 297 803–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Goddard, M R, Godfray, H C J and Burt, A (2005 ). Sex increases the efficacy of natural selection in experimental yeast populations. Nature. 434 636–40
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Usmani, A, Ganguli, N, Sarkar, H, Dhup, S, Batta, S R, Vimal, M, Ganguli, N, Basu, S, Nagarajan, P and Majumdar, S S (2013 ). A non-surgical approach for male germ cell mediated gene transmission through transgenesis. Sci. Rep. 3 3430

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, S R, Gregory, W M, Twelves, C and Brown, J (2014 ). A Practical Guide to Designing Phase II Trials in Oncology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Krey, U (2007 ). Basic Theoretical Physics: A Concise Overview. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Altman, E, Avrachenkov, K, Barakat, C and Chandrayana, K (2007 ). A Multilevel Approach for the Modelling of Large TCP/IP Networks. Recent Advances in Modeling and Simulation Tools for Communication Networks and Services. Springer US, Boston, MA. 69–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Combinatorics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K (2016 ). Does Burnt Food Give You Cancer? IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007 ). NASA: Issues Surrounding the Transition from the Space Shuttle to the Next Generation of Human Space Flight Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nomberg, R I (2009 ). Understanding Interest Group Strategies: A Case Study of Civic Leaders Collaborating with Local Government. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J (2016 ). Robert A. Wilson, 94; Ran a Haven for Poets. New York Times. D7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Combinatorics
AbbreviationJ. Comb.
ISSN (print)2156-3527
ISSN (online)2150-959X

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