How to format your references using the Contemporary Buddhism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Buddhism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wykes, Til. 2010. “Cognitive Remediation Therapy Needs Funding.” Nature 468 (7321): 165–166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Einav, Liran, and Jonathan Levin. 2014. “Economics in the Age of Big Data.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6210): 1243089.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, Harry W., 2nd, Wang-Ping Chen, and Michael R. Brudzinski. 2010. “Seismic Evidence of Negligible Water Carried below 400-Km Depth in Subducting Lithosphere.” Nature 467 (7317): 828–831.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yang, Hua, Weiyi Ma, Diankun Gong, Jiehui Hu, and Dezhong Yao. 2014. “A Longitudinal Study on Children’s Music Training Experience and Academic Development.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5854.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lui, S. H. 2011. Numerical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sá, Joaquim Marques de, Luís A. Alexandre, Włodzisław Duch, and Danilo Mandic, eds. 2007. Artificial Neural Networks – ICANN 2007: 17th International Conference, Porto, Portugal, September 9-13, 2007, Proceedings, Part I. Vol. 4668. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carr, Caleb T. 2016. “An Uncertainty Reduction Approach to Applicant Information-Seeking in Social Media: Effects on Attributions and Hiring.” In Social Media in Employee Selection and Recruitment: Theory, Practice, and Current Challenges, edited by Richard N. Landers and Gordon B. Schmidt, 59–78. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Buddhism.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “US Approves World’s Most Sensitive Dark Matter Detector To Begin Hunt In 2020.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Findings on Current AFDC Work Programs and Implications for Pending Legislation. T-HRD-87-12. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arguello, Ivelise Margaret. 2010. “Circle of Sisters Summer Program: A Grant-Writing Project.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “Still Wild For Animal Prints.” New York Times, August 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wykes 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Wykes 2010; Einav and Levin 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Einav and Levin 2014)
  • Three authors: (Green, Chen, and Brudzinski 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Buddhism
ISSN (print)1463-9947
ISSN (online)1476-7953

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