How to format your references using the Journal of Cold Regions Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cold Regions Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shepherd, G. M. (2006). “Smell images and the flavour system in the human brain.” Nature, 444(7117), 316–321.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kilpivaara, O., and Aaltonen, L. A. (2013). “Diagnostic cancer genome sequencing and the contribution of germline variants.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6127), 1559–1562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, Y., Nakano, M., and Ikeda, T. (2003). “Photomechanics: directed bending of a polymer film by light.” Nature, 425(6954), 145.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Saitoe, M., Schwarz, T. L., Umbach, J. A., Gundersen, C. B., and Kidokoro, Y. (2001). “Absence of junctional glutamate receptor clusters in Drosophila mutants lacking spontaneous transmitter release.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5529), 514–517.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Howe, T. R. (2011). Marriages & Families in the 21st Century. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Adler, R. A. (Ed.). (2010). Osteoporosis: Pathophysiology and Clinical Management. Contemporary Endocrinology, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Wolford, W., Lu, F., and Valdivia, G. (2013). “Environmental Crisis and the Production of Alternatives: Conservation Practice(s) in the Galapagos Islands.” Science and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands: Frameworks & Perspectives, Social and Ecological Interactions in the Galapagos Islands, S. J. Walsh and C. F. Mena, eds., Springer, New York, NY, 87–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cold Regions Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Space Debris: What Can We Do With Unwanted Satellites?” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). VA Information Technology: Important Initiatives Begun, Yet Serious Vulnerabilities Persist. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villegas, B. (2009). “The optimization and characterization of superconducting magnesium diboride thin films.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). “Planetarium.” New York Times, C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shepherd 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kilpivaara and Aaltonen 2013; Shepherd 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kilpivaara and Aaltonen 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Saitoe et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cold Regions Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Cold Reg. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-381X
ISSN (online)1943-5495
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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