How to format your references using the Journal of Cold Regions Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cold Regions Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans, P. (2012). “Biochemistry. Resolving some old problems in protein crystallography.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6084), 986–987.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fortágh, J., and Zimmermann, C. (2005). “PHYSICS: Toward Atom Chips.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5711), 860–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saitou, M., Barton, S. C., and Surani, M. A. (2002). “A molecular programme for the specification of germ cell fate in mice.” Nature, 418(6895), 293–300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kraemer, D. J. M., Macrae, C. N., Green, A. E., and Kelley, W. M. (2005). “Musical imagery: sound of silence activates auditory cortex.” Nature, 434(7030), 158.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson, S., and Tobias, K. (2012). Atlas of ear diseases of the dog and cat. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Hinkson, G. (2009). Foundation Fireworks CS4. (C. Erskine, M. Heerema, C. Mallott, M. Keefe, H. Griffith, C. Andres, D. Pundick, S. Anglin, M. Beckner, E. Buckingham, T. Campbell, G. Cornell, J. Gennick, J. Hassell, M. Lowman, M. Moodie, D. Parkes, J. Pepper, F. Pohlmann, B. Renow-Clarke, D. Shakeshaft, M. Wade, T. Welsh, A. Knox, and L. Cheu, eds.), Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramamurthy, T., and Nair, G. B. (2007). “Foodborne Pathogenic Vibrios.” Foodborne Diseases, Infectious Disease, S. Simjee, ed., Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 115–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cold Regions Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). “China Fails In Attempt To Lift Ban On Tiger Farming At Major Wildlife Summit.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Intercity Passenger Rail: Outlook for Improving Amtrak’s Financial Health. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ambaw, Y. (2017). “Promoting the well-being of black student athletes: A grant proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017). “Poetic Spark of a Combustible Iraq Veteran.” New York Times, C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evans 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Evans 2012; Fortágh and Zimmermann 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fortágh and Zimmermann 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kraemer et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cold Regions Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Cold Reg. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-381X
ISSN (online)1943-5495
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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