How to format your references using the Journal of Cold Regions Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cold Regions Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D. (2004). “Nuts and bolts. Totally stumped?” Nature, 431(7009), 722.
A journal article with 2 authors
Warren, L. A., and Kauffman, M. E. (2003). “Geoscience. Microbial geoengineers.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5609), 1027–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Šubelj, L., Fiala, D., and Bajec, M. (2014). “Network-based statistical comparison of citation topology of bibliographic databases.” Scientific reports, 4, 6496.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tachibana, M., Sparman, M., Sritanaudomchai, H., Ma, H., Clepper, L., Woodward, J., Li, Y., Ramsey, C., Kolotushkina, O., and Mitalipov, S. (2009). “Mitochondrial gene replacement in primate offspring and embryonic stem cells.” Nature, 461(7262), 367–372.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bass, F. (2013). Guide to the Census. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Heineman, G. T., Kofron, J., and Plasil, F. (Eds.). (2010). Research into Practice – Reality and Gaps: 6th International Conference on the Quality of Software Architectures, QoSA 2010, Prague, Czech Republic, June 23 - 25, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Klein, A., and Nikkhah, G. (2014). “Neurotransplantation and the Restoration of Motor Behavior in Parkinson’s Disease.” Samii’s Essentials in Neurosurgery, R. Ramina, P. H. P. de Aguiar, and M. Tatagiba, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 33–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cold Regions Engineering.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). “Researchers And Politicians Slam The War On Drugs As A Failure.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Meeting the Aging Aircraft Challenge: Status and Opportunities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, N. R. (2015). “Subspecies composition, genetic variation and structure of Largemouth Bass in Puerto Rico reservoirs.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2016). “Venice by Way of New York.” New York Times, AR46.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Browne 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Amzica 2010; Church 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Warren and Kauffman 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Froese et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cold Regions Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Cold Reg. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-381X
ISSN (online)1943-5495
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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