How to format your references using the Journal of Cold Regions Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cold Regions Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vega-Villa, K. 2014. “Biodiversity: Ecuador deters protection efforts.” Science, 343 (6168): 248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boettiger, A. N., and M. Levine. 2009. “Synchronous and stochastic patterns of gene activation in the Drosophila embryo.” Science, 325 (5939): 471–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joughin, I., W. Abdalati, and M. Fahnestock. 2004. “Large fluctuations in speed on Greenland’s Jakobshavn Isbrae glacier.” Nature, 432 (7017): 608–610.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Manyala, N., Y. Sidis, J. F. DiTusa, G. Aeppli, D. P. Young, and Z. Fisk. 2000. “Magnetoresistance from quantum interference effects in ferromagnets.” Nature, 404 (6778): 581–584.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase, C. W., Jr. 2013. Demand-Driven Forecasting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Quirk, T. J. 2015. Excel 2013 for Biological and Life Sciences Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems. Excel for Statistics, (M. Quirk and H. F. Horton, eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dillmann, R., J. Albiez, B. Gaßmann, and T. Kerscher. 2005. “Biologically Motivated Control of Walking Machines.” Climbing and Walking Robots: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference CLAWAR 2004, P. de González Santos, ed., 55–69. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cold Regions Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. “Spacing Of Letters, Not Shape Of Letters, Slightly Increases Reading Speed Of Those With Dyslexia.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Implementation of the Beach Act of 2000: EPA and States Have Made Progress, but Additional Actions Could Improve Public Health Protection. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glock, M. 2008. “Cultural futuristics: Bringing consciousness to cultural complexes and soul to scenario based planning.” Doctoral dissertation. Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. 2014. “‘John D. Ducks for Apples.’” New York Times, October 31, 2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vega-Villa 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Boettiger and Levine 2009; Vega-Villa 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boettiger and Levine 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Manyala et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cold Regions Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Cold Reg. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-381X
ISSN (online)1943-5495
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles