How to format your references using the Journal of Cold Regions Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cold Regions Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden, C. (2004). “Long hours aside, respondents say jobs offer ‘as much fun as you can have.’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5678), 1830–1837.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chatterjee, S., and Grosshans, H. (2009). “Active turnover modulates mature microRNA activity in Caenorhabditis elegans.” Nature, 461(7263), 546–549.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serabyn, E., Mawet, D., and Burruss, R. (2010). “An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star.” Nature, 464(7291), 1018–1020.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Singh, S. K., Kagalwala, M. N., Parker-Thornburg, J., Adams, H., and Majumder, S. (2008). “REST maintains self-renewal and pluripotency of embryonic stem cells.” Nature, 453(7192), 223–227.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huang, H. K. (2005). PACS and Imaging Informatics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Scatena, R. (Ed.). (2015). Advances in Cancer Biomarkers: From biochemistry to clinic for a critical revision. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Imbellone, A., Botte, B., and Medaglia, C. M. (2015). “Intouch: Mobile Game-Based Learning for Non Routine Skills.” Games and Learning Alliance: Third International Conference, GALA 2014, Bucharest, Romania, July 2-4, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, A. De Gloria, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 44–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cold Regions Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). “100-Million-Year-Old Relationship May Soon Be Driven To Extinction.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Medical Education: Curriculum and Financing Strategies Need to Encourage Primary Care Training. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tseng, Y. H.-H. (2008). “Motivation of participation in inservice training based on problem solving: A modified Delphi study.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., and Eder, S. (2017). “Donating Profits From Foreign Officials Is Complicated Task, Trump Group Says.” New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holden 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Chatterjee and Grosshans 2009; Holden 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chatterjee and Grosshans 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Singh et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cold Regions Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Cold Reg. Eng.
ISSN (print)0887-381X
ISSN (online)1943-5495
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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