How to format your references using the Journal of Advanced Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Advanced Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Weintraub K. Drug development: Releasing the brakes. Nature 2013;504:S6-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Semple CAM, Taylor MS. Molecular biology. The structure of change. Science 2009;323:347–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Baran PS, Maimone TJ, Richter JM. Total synthesis of marine natural products without using protecting groups. Nature 2007;446:404–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Eathiraj S, Pan X, Ritacco C, Lambright DG. Structural basis of family-wide Rab GTPase recognition by rabenosyn-5. Nature 2005;436:415–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Callard F, Sartorius N, Arboleda-Flórez J, Bartlett P, Helmchen H, Stuart H, et al. Mental Illness, Discrimination and the Law. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Holzhacker RL, Wittek R, Woltjer J, editors. Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia. vol. 2. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bylina J, Bylina B, Zoła A, Skaraczyński T. A Markovian Model of a Call Center with Time Varying Arrival Rate and Skill Based Routing. In: Kwiecień A, Gaj P, Stera P, editors. Computer Networks: 16th Conference, CN 2009, Wisła, Poland, June 16-20, 2009. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 26–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Advanced Research.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Endangered Frog May Be Developing Resistance To Deadly Fungus. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Update on Critical Issues Facing IRS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wang Y. Yield aggregation impacts on area-based insurance and commodity program. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kishkovsky S. Russian Novelist Scoffs at Post-Soviet Leaders. New York Times 2002:114.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Advanced Research
AbbreviationJ. Adv. Res.
ISSN (print)2090-1232
ScopeMultidisciplinary

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