How to format your references using the Journal of Advanced Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Advanced Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schwartz M. Perspective: incision revision. Nature 2014;516:S17.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watanabe R, Noji H. Characterization of the temperature-sensitive reaction of F1-ATPase by using single-molecule manipulation. Sci Rep 2014;4:4962.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsui K, Yoshida H, Ikuhara Y. Nanocrystalline, ultra-degradation-resistant zirconia: its grain boundary nanostructure and nanochemistry. Sci Rep 2014;4:4758.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Robledo L, Elzerman J, Jundt G, Atatüre M, Högele A, Fält S, et al. Conditional dynamics of interacting quantum dots. Science 2008;320:772–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lau VKN, Ricky Kwok Y-K. Channel-Adaptive Technologies and Cross-Layer Designs for Wireless Systems with Multiple Antennas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Livingstone DW, Guile D, editors. The Knowledge Economy and Lifelong Learning: A Critical Reader. vol. 4. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Nuhoğlu Soysal Y, Wong S-Y. Educating Future Citizens in Europe and Asia. In: Benavot A, Braslavsky C, Truong N, editors. School Knowledge in Comparative and Historical Perspective: Changing Curricula in Primary and Secondary Education, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007, p. 73–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Advanced Research.

Blog post
Andrews R. Explosion At Mount Etna Nearly Kills BBC Film Crew. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Opportunities Still Exist To Better Use the Mint’s Data Processing Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goetz SB. Perceptions toward a restraint-free practice: A case study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Support Guidelines for Sentencing. New York Times 2007:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Advanced Research
AbbreviationJ. Adv. Res.
ISSN (print)2090-1232

Other styles