How to format your references using the Journal of Advanced Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Advanced Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gisin N. Physics. New additions to the Schrödinger cat family. Science 2006;312:63–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thorogood R, Davies NB. Cuckoos combat socially transmitted defenses of reed warbler hosts with a plumage polymorphism. Science 2012;337:578–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu L, Leung EL-H, Tian X. Perspective: The clinical trial barriers. Nature 2011;480:S100.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xiong ZH, Wu D, Vardeny ZV, Shi J. Giant magnetoresistance in organic spin-valves. Nature 2004;427:821–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitola J III. Software Radio Architecture. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
Holmes TP, Prestemon JP, Abt KL, editors. The Economics of Forest Disturbances: Wildfires, Storms, and Invasive Species. vol. 79. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Langill CS, Muller L. Curating Lively Objects: Post-disciplinary Affordances for Media Art Exhibition. In: England D, Schiphorst T, Bryan-Kinns N, editors. Curating the Digital: Space for Art and Interaction, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 31–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Advanced Research.

Blog post
Davis J. One-Third Of All Natural World Heritage Sites Under Threat From Resource Extraction Activity. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. From School to Work. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yudell M. Making race: Biology and the evolution of the race concept in 20th century American thought. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR N. Giant Statues Aplenty, But This One Comes With a Fierce Debate. New York Times 2015:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Advanced Research
AbbreviationJ. Adv. Res.
ISSN (print)2090-1232

Other styles