How to format your references using the Journal of Advanced Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Advanced Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kniffen DA. Instrument’s ability to do the job is NASA’s priority. Nature 2000;405:14.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Garrott RA, Oli MK. Conservation. A critical crossroad for BLM’s wild horse program. Science 2013;341:847–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yurtsever A, van der Veen RM, Zewail AH. Subparticle ultrafast spectrum imaging in 4D electron microscopy. Science 2012;335:59–64.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Liquori CL, Ricker K, Moseley ML, Jacobsen JF, Kress W, Naylor SL, et al. Myotonic dystrophy type 2 caused by a CCTG expansion in intron 1 of ZNF9. Science 2001;293:864–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Edmonds ME, Foster AVM, Sanders LJ. A Practical Manual of Diabetic Foot Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Rao MM. Probability Theory with Applications. vol. 582. Second Edition. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zhao BG. Pine Wilt Disease in China. In: Zhao BG, Futai K, Sutherland JR, Takeuchi Y, editors. Pine Wilt Disease, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2008, p. 18–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Advanced Research.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. The Burial Site Of Jesus Christ May Be About To Collapse. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: GSA Has Made Progress Planning for a New Governmentwide Program, But Critical Issues Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Felix RC. Strengthening relationships for siblings in foster families: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. A Driving Spirit Is Conspicuous by His Absence. New York Times 2011:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Advanced Research
AbbreviationJ. Adv. Res.
ISSN (print)2090-1232
ScopeMultidisciplinary

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