How to format your references using the Middle East Critique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Middle East Critique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, B. (2010) Patent Fixes for Europe, Nature, 467(7314), p. 395.
A journal article with 2 authors
Plug, L. J. & Werner, B. T. (2002) Nonlinear Dynamics of Ice-Wedge Networks and Resulting Sensitivity to Severe Cooling Events, Nature, 417(6892), pp. 929–933.
A journal article with 3 authors
Orlitsky, A., Santhanam, N. P. & Zhang, J. (2003) Always Good Turing: Asymptotically Optimal Probability Estimation, Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5644), pp. 427–431.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamamoto, J. et al. (2005) Optical Isotropy and Iridescence in a Smectic ‘Blue Phase’, Nature, 437(7058), pp. 525–528.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D. (2008) The JCT Minor Works Building Contracts 2005 (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd).
An edited book
Chaudhuri, P. (2007) View-Dependent Character Animation (London: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Ignatiev, A. A. & Lyashenko, A. V. (2010) Generalization Control Characteristics in Generative Structures, in: A. V. Lyashenko (ed.) Heteromagnetic Microelectronics: Microsystems of Active Type, pp. 149–172 (New York, NY: Springer).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Middle East Critique.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Can Crows Be Trained To Pick Up Litter?, IFLScience (IFLScience). Available at https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/can-crows-be-trained-pick-litter/, accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (31 March 1988) FAA Appropriation Issues (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office), Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Large, K. G. (2008) A Study of Statewide Transfer and Articulation Reporting System (STARS) Approved Courses Completed at an Alabama Community College ( Doctoral dissertation Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fernandez, M., Pérez-Peña, R. & Montgomery, D. (24 July 2017) For Human Cargo, Truck Door Closed Out the Light, and Life, New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference B. van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie (2010) Patent Fixes for Europe, Nature, 467(7314), p. 395. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/467395a..
This sentence cites two references B. van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie (2010) Patent Fixes for Europe, Nature, 467(7314), p. 395. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/467395a; L. J. Plug & B. T. Werner (2002) Nonlinear Dynamics of Ice-Wedge Networks and Resulting Sensitivity to Severe Cooling Events, Nature, 417(6892), pp. 929–933. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature00796..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: J. Yamamoto et al. (2005) Optical Isotropy and Iridescence in a Smectic ‘Blue Phase’, Nature, 437(7058), pp. 525–528. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04034.

About the journal

Full journal titleMiddle East Critique
AbbreviationMiddle East Crit.
ISSN (print)1943-6149
ISSN (online)1943-6157
ScopeHistory
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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