How to format your references using the Middle East Critique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Middle East Critique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livingstone, M. S. (2000) Is It Warm? Is It Real? Or Just Low Spatial Frequency?, Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5495), p. 1299b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holm, E. A. & Foiles, S. M. (2010) How Grain Growth Stops: A Mechanism for Grain-Growth Stagnation in Pure Materials, Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5982), pp. 1138–1141.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nazin, G. V., Qiu, X. H. & Ho, W. (2003) Visualization and Spectroscopy of a Metal-Molecule-Metal Bridge, Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5642), pp. 77–81.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stevens, T. E. et al. (2001) Cherenkov Radiation at Speeds below the Light Threshold: Phonon-Assisted Phase Matching, Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), pp. 627–630.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kadane, J. B. & Schum, D. A. (1997) A Probabilistic Analysis of the Sacco and Vanzetti Evidence: Kadane/A Probabilistic. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
Bhalla, S. (ed.) (2005) Databases in Networked Information Systems: 4th International Workshop, DNIS 2005, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Japan, March 28-30, 2005. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 3433 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Schwaiger, M., Raithel, S. & Schloderer, M. (2009) Recognition or Rejection – How a Company’s Reputation Influences Stakeholder Behaviour, in: J. Klewes & R. Wreschniok (eds) Reputation Capital: Building and Maintaining Trust in the 21st Century, pp. 39–55 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Middle East Critique.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) The Massive Waste Happening In Mosquito-Borne Disease Research, IFLScience (IFLScience). Available at https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/massive-waste-happening-mosquito-borne-disease-research/, accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (30 June 2011) Nextgen Air Transportation System: Mechanisms for Collaboration and Technology Transfer Could Be Enhanced to More Fully Leverage Partner Agency and Industry Resources (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office), Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yaudes, K. L. (2017) Change Your Category, Change Your Mind: The Mutability of Folk Models of Mental Health Disorders ( Doctoral dissertation Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (13 December 1992) Newly Selected Chief of Staff Is Widely Known for Loyalty, New York Times, p. 134.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference M. S. Livingstone (2000) Is It Warm? Is It Real? Or Just Low Spatial Frequency?, Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5495), p. 1299b. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.290.5495.1299b..
This sentence cites two references M. S. Livingstone (2000) Is It Warm? Is It Real? Or Just Low Spatial Frequency?, Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5495), p. 1299b. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.290.5495.1299b; E. A. Holm & S. M. Foiles (2010) How Grain Growth Stops: A Mechanism for Grain-Growth Stagnation in Pure Materials, Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5982), pp. 1138–1141. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1187833..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: E. A. Holm & S. M. Foiles (2010) How Grain Growth Stops: A Mechanism for Grain-Growth Stagnation in Pure Materials, Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5982), pp. 1138–1141.
  • Three authors: G. V. Nazin, X. H. Qiu & W. Ho (2003) Visualization and Spectroscopy of a Metal-Molecule-Metal Bridge, Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5642), pp. 77–81.
  • 4 or more authors: T. E. Stevens et al. (2001) Cherenkov Radiation at Speeds below the Light Threshold: Phonon-Assisted Phase Matching, Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), pp. 627–630. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.291.5504.627.

About the journal

Full journal titleMiddle East Critique
AbbreviationMiddle East Crit.
ISSN (print)1943-6149
ISSN (online)1943-6157
ScopeHistory
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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