How to format your references using the Middle East Critique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Middle East Critique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bader, J. (2014) Climate Science: The Origin of Regional Arctic Warming, Nature, 509(7499), pp. 167–168.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lloyd-Jones, G. C. & Ball, L. T. (2014) Catalysis. Self-Control Tames the Coupling of Reactive Radicals, Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6195), pp. 381–382.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wearn, O. R., Reuman, D. C. & Ewers, R. M. (2013) Response to Comment on ‘Extinction Debt and Windows of Conservation Opportunity in the Brazilian Amazon’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6117), p. 271.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bulavin, D. V. et al. (2001) Initiation of a G2/M Checkpoint after Ultraviolet Radiation Requires P38 Kinase, Nature, 411(6833), pp. 102–107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazer, A. (2011) Shifting the Earth (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
Abramowicz, W. (ed.) (2013) Business Information Systems: 16th International Conference, BIS 2013, Poznań, Poland, June 19-21, 2013. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, 157 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Du, Y., Wang, R. & Qu, J. (2013) Spike Train Pattern and Firing Synchronization in a Model of the Olfactory Mitral Cell, in: C. Guo, Z.-G. Hou & Z. Zeng (eds) Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2013: 10th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Dalian, China, July 4-6, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 28–35 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Middle East Critique.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Want To Boost Vaccination? Don’t Punish Parents, Build Their Trust, IFLScience (IFLScience). Available at https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/want-boost-vaccination-don-t-punish-parents-build-their-trust/, accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (29 July 2005) Student Aid And Postsecondary Tax Preferences: Limited Research Exists on Effectiveness of Tools to Assist Students and Families through Title IV Student Aid and Tax Preferences (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office), Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett, A. L. (2019) An Empirical Longitudinal Analysis of Agile Methodologies and Firm Financial Performance ( Doctoral dissertation Washington, DC: George Washington University).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (25 March 2008) Justices to Weigh Search and Consent, New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference J. Bader (2014) Climate Science: The Origin of Regional Arctic Warming, Nature, 509(7499), pp. 167–168..
This sentence cites two references J. Bader (2014) Climate Science: The Origin of Regional Arctic Warming, Nature, 509(7499), pp. 167–168; G. C. Lloyd-Jones & L. T. Ball (2014) Catalysis. Self-Control Tames the Coupling of Reactive Radicals, Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6195), pp. 381–382. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1256755..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: D. V. Bulavin et al. (2001) Initiation of a G2/M Checkpoint after Ultraviolet Radiation Requires P38 Kinase, Nature, 411(6833), pp. 102–107. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35075107.

About the journal

Full journal titleMiddle East Critique
AbbreviationMiddle East Crit.
ISSN (print)1943-6149
ISSN (online)1943-6157
ScopeHistory
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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