How to format your references using the Journal of Cognitive Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cognitive Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kher, U. (2010). A call for collaboration. Nature, 466(7304), S21-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karlan, D., & Zinman, J. (2011). Microcredit in theory and practice: using randomized credit scoring for impact evaluation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6035), 1278–1284.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maduwage, K., O’Leary, M. A., & Isbister, G. K. (2014). Diagnosis of snake envenomation using a simple phospholipase A2 assay. Scientific Reports, 4, 4827.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Maphutha, S., Moothi, K., Meyyappan, M., & Iyuke, S. E. (2013). A carbon nanotube-infused polysulfone membrane with polyvinyl alcohol layer for treating oil-containing waste water. Scientific Reports, 3, 1509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schütz, H., Wiedemann, P. M., Hennings, W., Mertens, J., & Clauberg, M. (2006). Comparative Risk Assessment. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Pavlou, G., Ahmed, T., & Dagiuklas, T. (Eds.). (2008). Management of Converged Multimedia Networks and Services: 11th IFIP/IEEE International Conference on Management of Multimedia and Mobile Networks and Services, MMNS 2008, Samos Island, Greece, September 22-26, 2008. Proceedings (Vol. 5274). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dawson, A., Kringos, N., Scarpas, T., & Pavšič, P. (2009). Water in the Pavement Surfacing. In A. Dawson (Ed.), Water in Road Structures: Movement, Drainage and Effects (pp. 81–105). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cognitive Psychology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, May 25). Extreme Methane-Producing Microbes Found At Earth’s Surface Hint At Life On Mars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Social Security: Telephone Access to Local Field Offices (HRD-91-112). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chon, J. Y. (2012). Coping as a mediator of the relation between teacher perceived stress and teacher-student relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, January 7). Inquiry Into Gosman’s, Up for Sale, Continues. New York Times, 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kher, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Karlan & Zinman, 2011; Kher, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karlan & Zinman, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Maduwage et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Maphutha et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cognitive Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Cogn. Psychol. (Hove)
ISSN (print)2044-5911
ISSN (online)2044-592X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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