How to format your references using the Journal of Cognitive Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cognitive Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Botvinick, M. (2004). Neuroscience. Probing the neural basis of body ownership. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5685), 782–783.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stark, L. A., & Pompei, K. (2010). Winner of Science Prize for Online Resources in Education. Making genetics easy to understand. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5965), 538–539.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naya, Y., Yoshida, M., & Miyashita, Y. (2001). Backward spreading of memory-retrieval signal in the primate temporal cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), 661–664.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Micheli, M., Farnocchia, D., Meech, K. J., Buie, M. W., Hainaut, O. R., Prialnik, D., … Petropoulos, A. E. (2018). Non-gravitational acceleration in the trajectory of 1I/2017 U1 ('Oumuamua). Nature, 559(7713), 223–226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pilot, M. J. (2014). Driving Sustainability to Business Success. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hui, P. (2015). Atlas of Intraoperative Frozen Section Diagnosis in Gynecologic Pathology. (N. Buza, Ed.) (1st ed. 2015). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dragonas, J., Doulamis, A., Miaoulis, G., & Plemenos, D. (2010). Collaborative Foreground Background Object Isolation and Tracking. In D. Plemenos & G. Miaoulis (Eds.), Intelligent Computer Graphics 2010 (pp. 67–84). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cognitive Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, April 10). Solar Plane to Attempt Round-the-World Flight. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Tax Policy: Historical Tax Treatment of INTELSAT and Current Tax Rules for Satellite Corporations (No. GAO-04-994). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mazgaeen, L. (2017). Differential RNAi Approaches to Enhance Knockdown Efficiency of Target Gene Transcripts in the Highly DDT-Resistant 91-R Strain of Drosophila melanogaster (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 18). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Given a Good Lead, Clinton Is No Longer Talking Tough. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Botvinick, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Botvinick, 2004; Stark & Pompei, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stark & Pompei, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Naya, Yoshida, & Miyashita, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Micheli et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cognitive Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Cogn. Psychol. (Hove)
ISSN (print)2044-5911
ISSN (online)2044-592X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Other styles