How to format your references using the Journal of Cognitive Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cognitive Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walsh, C. (2001). correction: Enabling the chemistry of life. Nature, 411(6839), 824.
A journal article with 2 authors
Su, F., & Xu, P. (2014). Genomic analysis of thermophilic Bacillus coagulans strains: efficient producers for platform bio-chemicals. Scientific Reports, 4, 3926.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, C., Potter, A. C., & Senthil, T. (2014). Classification of interacting electronic topological insulators in three dimensions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6171), 629–631.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Beaufort, L., de Garidel-Thoron, T., Mix, A. C., & Pisias, N. G. (2001). ENSO-like forcing on oceanic primary production during the Late Pleistocene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5539), 2440–2444.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carter, K. B. (2014). Actionable Intelligence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mathis, K. (Ed.). (2012). Efficiency, Sustainability, and Justice to Future Generations (Vol. 98). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
El Maliani, A. D., El Hassouni, M., Berthoumieu, Y., & Aboutajdine, D. (2012). Multi-model Approach for Multicomponent Texture Classification. In A. Elmoataz, D. Mammass, O. Lezoray, F. Nouboud, & D. Aboutajdine (Eds.), Image and Signal Processing: 5th International Conference, ICISP 2012, Agadir, Morocco, June 28-30, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 36–44). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cognitive Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 7). Can You Figure Out How This Viral “Infinite Chocolate” Trick Works? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Small Businesses and Innovation, Small Business Research Conference (No. 114641). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grasis, J. A. (2008). Controlling T lymphocyte activation with a molecular rheostat [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, June 20). ‘Bachelor in Paradise’ To Resume Taping. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walsh, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Su & Xu, 2014; Walsh, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Su & Xu, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Beaufort et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cognitive Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Cogn. Psychol. (Hove)
ISSN (print)2044-5911
ISSN (online)2044-592X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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