How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grossman JN. PLANETARY SCIENCE: Enhanced: A Meteorite Falls on Ice. Science 2000;290:283–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krishnaswamy VR, Korrapati PS. Role of dermatopontin in re-epithelialization: implications on keratinocyte migration and proliferation. Sci Rep 2014;4:7385.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu SW, Ogawa N, Ho W. Atomic-scale coupling of photons to single-molecule junctions. Science 2006;312:1362–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sekine T, Kakuta T, Nakamura T, Kobayashi Y, Takashima Y, Harada A. A macroscopic reaction: direct covalent bond formation between materials using a Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction. Sci Rep 2014;4:6348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Borgen UJ, Nakrem HA. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of osteolepiform fish. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Taylor M, Coia L, editors. Gender, Feminism, and Queer Theory in the Self-Study of Teacher Education Practices. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Dowdy JK. Carnival Characters in the Classroom. In: Dowdy JK, Kaplan S, editors. Teaching Drama in the Classroom: A Toolbox for Teachers, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011, p. 17–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Andrew E. The San Andreas Fault Is About To Crack – Here’s What Will Happen When It Does. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aerospace Guidance and Metrology Center: Cost Growth and Other Factors Affect Closure and Privatization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sugawara Y. When the Spaniels conquered Central America: Academic English and first year composition instruction. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kimmelman M. Who Will Fix Penn Station? New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Urology
ISSN (print)2214-3882

Other styles