How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hagmann M. PUBLIC HEALTH: Deaths Among Heroin Users Present a Puzzle. Science 2000;288:1941a.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kump LR, Barley ME. Increased subaerial volcanism and the rise of atmospheric oxygen 2.5 billion years ago. Nature 2007;448:1033–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Riemer J, Bulleid N, Herrmann JM. Disulfide formation in the ER and mitochondria: two solutions to a common process. Science 2009;324:1284–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kong H, Zhu M, Cui F, Wang S, Gao X, Lu S, et al. Quantitative assessment of short amplicons in FFPE-derived long-chain RNA. Sci Rep 2014;4:7246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cunningham V. Victorian Poetry Now. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Davidson JK, editor. Models for Computer Aided Tolerancing in Design and Manufacturing: Selected Conference Papers from the 9th CIRP International Seminar on Computer-Aided Tolerancing, held at Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA, 10-12 April, 2005. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Dolev S, Garay J, Gilboa N, Kolesnikov V, Yuditsky Y. Towards Efficient Private Distributed Computation on Unbounded Input Streams. In: Jacobson M, Locasto M, Mohassel P, Safavi-Naini R, editors. Applied Cryptography and Network Security: 11th International Conference, ACNS 2013, Banff, AB, Canada, June 25-28, 2013. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Researchers Identify New Possible Supernova Trigger. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/researchers-identify-new-possible-supernova-trigger/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. High Speed Ground Transportation: Funds Need to Be Focused Under Proposed Legislation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Pearson RS. Relationship Banking in a Competitive Environment With and Without Information Sharing: The Importance of Credit Bureaus in Microfinance. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kristof ND. Tussling Over Jesus. New York Times 2011:A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Urology
ISSN (print)2214-3882
Scope

Other styles