How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Blake DT. Neuroscience: how brains learn to control machines. Nature 2012;483:284–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Burgisser A, Bergantz GW. A rapid mechanism to remobilize and homogenize highly crystalline magma bodies. Nature 2011;471:212–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kim S, Ubel P, De Vries R. Pruning the regulatory tree. Nature 2009;457:534–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Luterbacher J, Dietrich D, Xoplaki E, Grosjean M, Wanner H. European seasonal and annual temperature variability, trends, and extremes since 1500. Science 2004;303:1499–503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Martinelli RJ, Waddell JM, Rahschulte TJ. Program Management for Improved Business Results. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Johnson R. Nonautonomous Linear Hamiltonian Systems: Oscillation, Spectral Theory and Control. vol. 36. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Shih Y-K, Su H, Kao S-S. On the Hamiltonian-Connectedness for Graphs Satisfying Ore’s Theorem. In: Chang R-S, Jain LC, Peng S-L, editors. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications - Volume 1: Proceedings of the International Computer Symposium ICS 2012 Held at Hualien, Taiwan, December 12–14, 2012, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 25–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Urology.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. AI Can Now “Draw” Humans - And It’s Absolutely Horrifying. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Monitoring Practices To Show Compliance With Speed Limits Should Be Reexamined. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Sydow K. A life review and Memory Album program to enhance family communication in assisted living. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. Parade’s End. New York Times 2016:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Urology
ISSN (print)2214-3882
Scope

Other styles