How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Coleman P. Physics. Watching electrons break up. Science 2007;316:1290–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lounis B, Moerner WE. Single photons on demand from a single molecule at room temperature. Nature 2000;407:491–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Le Galliard J-F, Clobert J, Ferrière R. Physical performance and Darwinian fitness in lizards. Nature 2004;432:502–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kopp RE, Simons FJ, Mitrovica JX, Maloof AC, Oppenheimer M. Probabilistic assessment of sea level during the last interglacial stage. Nature 2009;462:863–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Delgado RL-C, Araki M. Spoken, Multilingual and Multimodal Dialogue Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Kanosue K, Oshima S, Cao Z-B, Oka K, editors. Physical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Rott H, Hansson SO. Safe Contraction Revisited. In: Hansson SO, editor. David Makinson on Classical Methods for Non-Classical Problems, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 35–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Urology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. New Stem Cell Therapy Could Treat Mitochondrial Diseases. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/stem-cell-therapy-could-treat-mitochondrial-disease/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Barriers Limit Royalty Sharing’s Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Yao D. In situ activity of NAC11-7 roseobacters in coastal waters off the Chesapeake Bay based on ftsZ expression. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Soble J. Airbag Crisis Sends Takata To Its Demise. New York Times 2017:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Urology
ISSN (print)2214-3882
Scope

Other styles