How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nave K-A. Myelination and support of axonal integrity by glia. Nature 2010;468:244–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulin PR, Nelson KA. Irreversible organic crystalline chemistry monitored in real time. Science 2006;313:1756–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cook-Deegan R, Chandrasekharan S, Angrist M. The dangers of diagnostic monopolies. Nature 2009;458:405–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huang Y, Duan X, Cui Y, Lauhon LJ, Kim KH, Lieber CM. Logic gates and computation from assembled nanowire building blocks. Science 2001;294:1313–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Janke SJ, Tinsley FC. Introduction to Linear Models and Statistical Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Jarvis SA, Wright SA, Hammond SD, editors. High Performance Computing Systems. Performance Modeling, Benchmarking, and Simulation: 5th International Workshop, PMBS 2014, New Orleans, LA, USA, November 16, 2014. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 8966. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Velázquez A, Medina García C, Durán Medina E, Amador A, Gopar Merino LF. SECLAVEMEX Aimed at Integrating Land-cover and Vegetation Mapping. In: Medina García C, Durán Medina E, Amador A, Gopar Merino LF, editors. Standardized Hierarchical Vegetation Classification: Mexican and Global Patterns, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 75–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. The Second Generation Of Stars Keeps An Imprint Of Their Predecessors. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ASCS Needs Better Information To Adequately Assess Proposed County and State Office Automation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Washington S. Counseling students ability to diagnose Asperger’s Syndrome. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Big Setback For Wright; Season Ends For Cespedes. New York Times 2017:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Urology
ISSN (print)2214-3882

Other styles