How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon D. Electrons in artificial atoms. Nature 2000;405:899–900.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cimpian A, Leslie S-J. WOMEN IN SCIENCE. Response to Comment on “Expectations of brilliance underlie gender distributions across academic disciplines.” Science 2015;349:391.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chou C-H, Chuang J-K, Chen F-C. High-performance flexible waveguiding photovoltaics. Sci Rep 2013;3:2244.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yoshida-Ohuchi H, Hosoda M, Kanagami T, Uegaki M, Tashima H. Reduction factors for wooden houses due to external γ-radiation based on in situ measurements after the Fukushima nuclear accident. Sci Rep 2014;4:7541.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu J, Dong X, Chen X, Tong X, Zhang X, Xu S. Fault Location and Service Restoration for Electrical Distribution Systems. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Rippe JM, editor. Fructose, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Sucrose and Health. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Gayon J. Does Oxygen Have a Function, or Where Should the Regress of Functional Ascriptions Stop in Biology? In: Huneman P, editor. Functions: selection and mechanisms, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013, p. 67–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Taub B. Here’s What Drugs Europeans Are Getting High On This Year. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Budget: Key Issues in Facilities and Equipment and Operations Accounts Need Resolution. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall KN. Facilitating physically active identity development in older women. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Searcey D, Hartocollis A, Buettner R, Chen DW. Speaker Silver, a Rare Cancer and State Cash. New York Times 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Urology
ISSN (print)2214-3882

Other styles