How to format your references using the Journal of Coastal Life Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Coastal Life Medicine (JCLM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA. GEOPHYSICS: Core Takes a Page From the Sea Floor. Science 2000;290(5495):1274b–5b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang Y-C, Ferguson EL. Spatial bistability of Dpp-receptor interactions during Drosophila dorsal-ventral patterning. Nature 2005;434(7030):229–234.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tilman D, Reich PB, Knops JMH. Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment. Nature 2006;441(7093):629–632.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Benincà E, Huisman J, Heerkloss R, Jöhnk KD, Branco P, Van Nes EH, et al. Chaos in a long-term experiment with a plankton community. Nature 2008;451(7180):822–825.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). Supplemental Proceedings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Michelson G (ed.). Teleophthalmology in Preventive Medicine. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Lang DE. Diversity, Democracy, and Documentation: A Self-Study Path to Sharing Social Realities and Challenges in a Field-Based Social Studies Curriculum Methods Course. In: Crowe AR, editor. Advancing Social Studies Education through Self-Study Methodology: The Power, Promise, and Use of Self-Study in Social Studies Education. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2010: 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Coastal Life Medicine.

Blog post
Davis J. New Blood Test Could Predict Ovarian Cancer Risk. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Inquiry About the Research Grant To Develop a Portable Computer To Record Traffic Information for Verifying the Accuracy of Charges for Telecommunications Service. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnston JS. Echo in Three Acts: The Lost Historical Subject in (Dis)articulation. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. New President for the Long Island Rail Road. New York Times. 2007;:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Coastal Life Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Coast. Life Med.
ISSN (print)2309-5288

Other styles