How to format your references using the Journal of Coastal Life Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Coastal Life Medicine (JCLM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Macilwain C. World view: Experts and democracy. Nature 2009;462(7271):275.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Baum J, Cowman AF. Biochemistry. Revealing a parasite’s invasive trick. Science 2011;333(6041):410–411.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wasan DT, Nikolov AD, Brenner H. Fluid dynamics. Droplets speeding on surfaces. Science 2001;291(5504):605–606.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Capone M, Fabrizio M, Castellani C, Tosatti E. Strongly correlated superconductivity. Science 2002;296(5577):2364–2366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Egan WF. Advanced Frequency Synthesis by Phase Lock. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Majchrzak A. Activating the Tools of Social Media for Innovative Collaboration in the Enterprise. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Golubic S, Radtke G. The trace Rhopalia clavigera isp. n. reflects the development of its maker Eugomontia sacculata Kornmann, 1960. In: Wisshak M, Tapanila L, editors. Current Developments in Bioerosion. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: 95–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Coastal Life Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Dinosaur Crater Drilling Project Declared A ‘Fantastic Success’. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/pioneering-effort-drill-through-dinosaur-killing-impact-crater-declared-outstanding/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Treasury Needs to Strengthen Its Investment Board Operations and Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Goodwell LY. Do athletic trainers have a positive impact on high school athletes’ knowledge of injury prevention and training habits? 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. Trying to Protect A Zigzag Piece Of a Famed Circle. New York Times. 2001;:145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Coastal Life Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Coast. Life Med.
ISSN (print)2309-5288
Scope

Other styles