How to format your references using the Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Mackinnon, Structural biology. Voltage sensor meets lipid membrane, Science. 306 (2004) 1304–1305.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.H. Erwin, D.C. Krakauer, Evolution. Insights into innovation, Science. 304 (2004) 1117–1119.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Akil, M.E. Martone, D.C. Van Essen, Challenges and opportunities in mining neuroscience data, Science. 331 (2011) 708–712.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Flick, C. Scholander, Q. Chen, V. Fernandez, B. Pouvelle, J. Gysin, M. Wahlgren, Role of nonimmune IgG bound to PfEMP1 in placental malaria, Science. 293 (2001) 2098–2100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. McBee, Mastering Microsoft® Exchange Server 2007 SP1, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2009.
An edited book
J.R. Smith, Women’s Cancers: Pathways to Healing: A Patient’s Guide to Dealing with Cancer and Abnormal Smears, Springer, London, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Yoda, History of the Relationship between People and Lake Biwa, in: H. Kawanabe, M. Nishino, M. Maehata (Eds.), Lake Biwa: Interactions between Nature and People, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012: pp. 239–307.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, These Two Cheap Drugs Could Cut Breast Cancer Deaths, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Illegal Aliens: Assessing Estimates of Financial Burden on California, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Grandon, The Distribution of Apiaceae in Lafayette and St. Martin Parishes, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Branch, Royal Robbins, Trailblazer and Conscience of Rock Climbers, Dies at 82, New York Times. (2017) B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng.
ISSN (print)0045-7825
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Physics and Astronomy

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