How to format your references using the Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.E. Hyman, A glimmer of light for neuropsychiatric disorders, Nature. 455 (2008) 890–893.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.A. Desai, L.H. Miller, Malaria: Protein-export pathway illuminated, Nature. 511 (2014) 541–542.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.B. Artyukhin, F.C. Schroeder, L. Avery, Density dependence in Caenorhabditis larval starvation, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2777.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. Porras, P. De Deurwaerdere, Q. Li, M. Marti, R. Morgenstern, R. Sohr, E. Bezard, M. Morari, W.G. Meissner, L-dopa-induced dyskinesia: beyond an excessive dopamine tone in the striatum, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3730.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Barker, J. Chang, Basic Family Therapy, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
A.D. Kaye, A.M. Kaye, R.D. Urman, eds., Essentials of Pharmacology for Anesthesia, Pain Medicine, and Critical Care, Springer, New York, NY, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Y.N. Toulouevski, I.Y. Zinurov, Energy (Heat) Balances of Furnace, in: I.Y. Zinurov (Ed.), Innovation in Electric Arc Furnaces: Scientific Basis for Selection, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 65–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, When Exploding Whales Goes Horribly Wrong, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Vehicle Cybersecurity: DOT and Industry Have Efforts Under Way, but DOT Needs to Define Its Role in Responding to a Real-world Attack, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.M. Bailey, Content Assessment in Intelligent Computer-Aided Language Learning: Meaning Error Diagnosis for English as a Second Language, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Hollander, Offended Fan Wants Ashe Statue Moved, New York Times. (2000) D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng.
ISSN (print)0045-7825
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Physics and Astronomy

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