How to format your references using the Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Brand, Earth monitoring: Whole Earth comes into focus, Nature. 450 (2007) 797.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.D. Gluckman, M.A. Hanson, Living with the past: evolution, development, and patterns of disease, Science. 305 (2004) 1733–1736.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. Zheludev, R. Smith, T. Aste, When can social media lead financial markets?, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4213.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Granseth, B. Odermatt, S.J. Royle, L. Lagnado, Comment on “The dynamic control of kiss-and-run and vesicular reuse probed with single nanoparticles,” Science. 325 (2009) 1499; author reply 1499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Stamp, Information Security, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
W. Pedrycz, S.-M. Chen, eds., Information Granularity, Big Data, and Computational Intelligence, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Casas, J.L. Ferrer, D. Garcia, J. Perarnau, A. Torday, Traffic Simulation with Aimsun, in: J. Barceló (Ed.), Fundamentals of Traffic Simulation, Springer, New York, NY, 2010: pp. 173–232.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Thawing Ancient Permafrost Shown To Rapidly Become Carbon Dioxide, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, More Competition Needed in the Federal Procurement of Automatic Data Processing Equipment, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Salazar, Small school, big gains: A case study of urban high school reform, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Buckley, Tycoon’s Claims Reverberate in China Despite Censorship and Thin Evidence, New York Times. (2017) A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
AbbreviationComput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng.
ISSN (print)0045-7825
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Physics and Astronomy

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