How to format your references using the Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mullin T. Granular materials. Mixing and de-mixing. Science. 2002 Mar 8;295(5561):1851.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zeller D, Booth S. Costs and benefits of regulating mercury. Science. 2005 Nov 4;310(5749):777–9; author reply 777-9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wohlgemuth S, Ronacher B, Wehner R. Ant odometry in the third dimension. Nature. 2001 Jun 14;411(6839):795–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hayes T, Haston K, Tsui M, Hoang A, Haeffele C, Vonk A. Herbicides: feminization of male frogs in the wild. Nature. 2002 Oct 31;419(6910):895–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wittcoff HA, Reuben BG, Plotkin JS. Industrial Organic Chemicals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Gelbukh A, editor. Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 10th International Conference, CICLing 2009, Mexico City, Mexico, March 1-7, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Sencha AN, Evseeva EV, Mogutov MS, Patrunov YN. Ultrasound Diagnosis of Breast Cancer. In: Evseeva EV, Mogutov MS, Patrunov YN, editors. Breast Ultrasound. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 49–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices.

Blog post
Evans K. Architects Create Free DIY Sustainable “Indoor Garden” For Urban Living [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/ikea-creates-free-diy-sustainable-indoor-garden-for-urban-living/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: NASA Efforts To Establish a Design-To-Life-Cycle Cost Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 May. Report No.: NSIAD-88-147.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amini B. Linear Matrix Inequality Method for Periodic Systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. Powerful or Offensive? Ramadan Ad Depicting Would-Be Terrorist Proves Divisive. New York Times. 2017 May 30;A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mullin 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Mullin 2002; Zeller and Booth 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zeller and Booth 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Hayes et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices
AbbreviationSci. Phone Apps Mob. Devices
ISSN (online)2364-4958
Scope

Other styles