How to format your references using the Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edwards RG. IVF and the history of stem cells. Nature. 2001 Sep 27;413(6854):349–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boal AK, Rosenzweig AC. Biochemistry. A radical route for nitrogenase carbide insertion. Science. 2012 Sep 28;337(6102):1617–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qian L, Winfree E, Bruck J. Neural network computation with DNA strand displacement cascades. Nature. 2011 Jul 20;475(7356):368–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang J, Zhou H, Zhuang J, Liu Q. Influence of spatial configurations on electromagnetic interference shielding of ordered mesoporous carbon/ordered mesoporous silica/silica composites. Sci. Rep. 2013 Nov 19;3:3252.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Misstear B, Banks D, Clark L. Water Wells and Boreholes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Kwak D. Computation of Viscous Incompressible Flows. Kiris CC, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Han J-M, Yi B-J. An Orbital Velocity-Based Obstacle Avoidance Algorithm for Surgical Robots. In: Lee S, Cho H, Yoon K-J, Lee J, editors. Intelligent Autonomous Systems 12: Volume 2 Proceedings of the 12th International Conference IAS-12, held June 26-29, 2012, Jeju Island, Korea. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 37–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices.

Blog post
Andrew E. Are We Prepared For The Next Big Mediterranean Tsunami? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/are-we-prepared-next-big-mediterranean-tsunami/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Excluded Parties List System: Suspended and Debarred Businesses and Individuals Improperly Receive Federal Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Feb. Report No.: GAO-09-174.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bowmar JS. Building Energy Efficiency and Resilience in the United States, One Disaster at a Time: Fostering Green Building Principles through Disaster Assistance [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski SF. Comic Says<br />His Story <br />About 9/11<br />Was a Lie. New York Times. 2015 Sep 16;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edwards 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Boal and Rosenzweig 2012; Edwards 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boal and Rosenzweig 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices
AbbreviationSci. Phone Apps Mob. Devices
ISSN (online)2364-4958
Scope

Other styles