How to format your references using the Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rader C. Chemical biology: How to minimalize antibodies. Nature. 2015 Feb 5;518(7537):38–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ding B, Seeman NC. Operation of a DNA robot arm inserted into a 2D DNA crystalline substrate. Science. 2006 Dec 8;314(5805):1583–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Desai SA, Bezrukov SM, Zimmerberg J. A voltage-dependent channel involved in nutrient uptake by red blood cells infected with the malaria parasite. Nature. 2000 Aug 31;406(6799):1001–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li JB, Levanon EY, Yoon J-K, Aach J, Xie B, Leproust E, et al. Genome-wide identification of human RNA editing sites by parallel DNA capturing and sequencing. Science. 2009 May 29;324(5931):1210–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Golding P. Next Generation Wireless Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Kwan R, Fong J, Kwok L-F, Lam J, editors. Hybrid Learning: 4th International Conference, ICHL 2011, Hong Kong, China, August 10-12, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Lam H-K, Leung FH-F. Chapter 5 Stability Analysis of FMB Control Systems Using PDLF. In: Leung FH-F, editor. Stability Analysis of Fuzzy-Model-Based Control Systems: Linear-Matrix-Inequality Approach. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 85–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Scientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices.

Blog post
Andrew D. Ice Melting From the Inside Out Creates Frozen Waterfall. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Research Supports Limited Use of Personal Computer Aviation Training Devices for Pilots. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jul. Report No.: RCED-99-143.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reig MA. Cross-Dialectal Variability in Propositional Anaphora: A Quantitative and Pragmatic Study of Null Objects in Mexican and Peninsular Spanish [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Silver-Greenberg J, Protess B, Corkery M. Deal With Saudis Underlines Benefits of Backing President. New York Times. 2017 Aug 19;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rader 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ding and Seeman 2006; Rader 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ding and Seeman 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleScientific Phone Apps and Mobile Devices
AbbreviationSci. Phone Apps Mob. Devices
ISSN (online)2364-4958
Scope

Other styles