How to format your references using the Aphasiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aphasiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bates, G. P. (2006). BIOMEDICINE: One Misfolded Protein Allows Others to Sneak By. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5766), 1385–1386.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jutzi, M., & Asphaug, E. (2015). COMETARY NUCLEI. The shape and structure of cometary nuclei as a result of low-velocity accretion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6241), 1355–1358.
A journal article with 3 authors
den Boer, S. P. A., Baer, B., & Boomsma, J. J. (2010). Seminal fluid mediates ejaculate competition in social insects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5972), 1506–1509.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chu, P., Chen, D. P., Wang, Y. L., Xie, Y. L., Yan, Z. B., Wan, J. G., Liu, J.-M., & Li, J. Y. (2014). Kinetics of 90° domain wall motions and high frequency mesoscopic dielectric response in strained ferroelectrics: a phase-field simulation. Scientific Reports, 4, 5007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ezra, D., Collie, B., & Smith, M. X. (2009). The Retirement Plan Solution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rabl, T., Raghunath, N., Poess, M., Bhandarkar, M., Jacobsen, H.-A., & Baru, C. (Eds.). (2014). Advancing Big Data Benchmarks: Proceedings of the 2013 Workshop Series on Big Data Benchmarking,, Xi’an, China, July16-17, 2013 and, San José, CA, USA, October 9-10, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 8585). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerasimovskaya, E. V., Stenmark, K. R., & Yegutkin, G. G. (2010). Role of Purine-Converting Ecto-Enzymes in Angiogenic Phenotype of Pulmonary Artery Adventitial Vasa Vasorum Endothelial Cells of Chronically Hypoxic Calves. In E. Gerasimovskaya & E. Kaczmarek (Eds.), Extracellular ATP and Adenosine as Regulators of Endothelial Cell Function: Implications for Health and Disease (pp. 73–93). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aphasiology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, October 3). Australia Is Moving And It’s Upsetting Its GPS Coordinates. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Air Traffic Control: Smaller Terminal Systems’ Capacity Requirements Need to Be Defined (IMTEC-90-50). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
CampBell, P. K. (2012). Lenses of indigenous feminism: Digging up the roots of Western patriarchy in “Perma Red” and “Monkey Beach” [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, October 30). Justices to Hear Exxon’s Challenge to Punitive Damages. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bates, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bates, 2006; Jutzi & Asphaug, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jutzi & Asphaug, 2015)
  • Three authors: (den Boer et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAphasiology
ISSN (print)0268-7038
ISSN (online)1464-5041
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Clinical Neurology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Linguistics and Language

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