How to format your references using the Aphasiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aphasiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balatsky, A. V. (2000). Superconductivity. From obscurity to impurity. Nature, 403(6771), 717–718.
A journal article with 2 authors
Say, R. F., & Fuchs, G. (2010). Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase/phosphatase may be an ancestral gluconeogenic enzyme. Nature, 464(7291), 1077–1081.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ranganathan, R., Cannon, S. C., & Horvitz, H. R. (2000). MOD-1 is a serotonin-gated chloride channel that modulates locomotory behaviour in C. elegans. Nature, 408(6811), 470–475.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Milner, J. J., Toma, C., Yu, B., Zhang, K., Omilusik, K., Phan, A. T., Wang, D., Getzler, A. J., Nguyen, T., Crotty, S., Wang, W., Pipkin, M. E., & Goldrath, A. W. (2017). Runx3 programs CD8+ T cell residency in non-lymphoid tissues and tumours. Nature, 552(7684), 253–257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohanish, R. P. (2005). HazMat Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sepulveda, A. R., & Lynch, J. P. (Eds.). (2013). Molecular Pathology of Neoplastic Gastrointestinal Diseases (Vol. 7). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Vahrenkamp, N., Asfour, T., & Dillmann, R. (2010). Efficient Motion and Grasp Planning for Humanoid Robots. In K. Harada, E. Yoshida, & K. Yokoi (Eds.), Motion Planning for Humanoid Robots (pp. 129–160). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aphasiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 22). Black Hole Winds Might Regulate Size of Galaxy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Designation of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Computer Facility as a Federal Scientific Data Processing Center Could Save Millions (LCD-76-112). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kingsley, S. J. (2012). Preschool teachers’ perceptions of factors influencing their referral decisions for young children with severe behavior problems [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014, January 13). At 28, Abbott Wins 4th U.S. Title and Has a Teenage Teammate for the Olympics. New York Times, D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Balatsky, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Balatsky, 2000; Say & Fuchs, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Say & Fuchs, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Ranganathan et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Milner et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleAphasiology
ISSN (print)0268-7038
ISSN (online)1464-5041
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Clinical Neurology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Linguistics and Language

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