How to format your references using the Aphasiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aphasiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grossman, J. N. (2000). PLANETARY SCIENCE: Enhanced: A Meteorite Falls on Ice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5490), 283–285.
A journal article with 2 authors
Makeyev, E. V., & Maniatis, T. (2008). Multilevel regulation of gene expression by microRNAs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5871), 1789–1790.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garofalo, S., Maier, M. E., & di Pellegrino, G. (2014). Mediofrontal negativity signals unexpected omission of aversive events. Scientific Reports, 4, 4816.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chow, D., He, X., Snow, A. L., Rose-John, S., & Garcia, K. C. (2001). Structure of an extracellular gp130 cytokine receptor signaling complex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5511), 2150–2155.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Poikselkä, M., Mayer, G., Khartabil, H., & Niemi, A. (2004). The IMS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Waseda, Y. (2011). X-Ray Diffraction Crystallography: Introduction, Examples and Solved Problems (E. Matsubara & K. Shinoda, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Q., Zhang, C., & Zhang, S. (2008). Uncertainty Issues in Secure Messages. In C. Zhang & S. Zhang (Eds.), Secure Transaction Protocol Analysis: Models and Applications (pp. 131–173). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aphasiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 30). Meet The Ghost Sharks And Deep-Sea Demons That Will Haunt Your Dreams. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Telecommunications: Weaknesses in Procedures and Performance Management Hinder Junk Fax Enforcement (GAO-06-425). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zarate Ramirez, F. (2012). Pedagogical and performance approach to selected bel canto songs and arias of Bellini and Donizetti [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2017, February 23). Top Judge Goes Where Flaws Are Acute to Address State of Courts. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grossman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Grossman, 2000; Makeyev & Maniatis, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Makeyev & Maniatis, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Garofalo et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chow et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAphasiology
ISSN (print)0268-7038
ISSN (online)1464-5041
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Clinical Neurology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Linguistics and Language

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