How to format your references using the Aphasiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aphasiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nichols, S. (2011). Experimental philosophy and the problem of free will. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6023), 1401–1403.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bendor, D., & Wang, X. (2005). The neuronal representation of pitch in primate auditory cortex. Nature, 436(7054), 1161–1165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hartgerink, J. D., Beniash, E., & Stupp, S. I. (2001). Self-assembly and mineralization of peptide-amphiphile nanofibers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1684–1688.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Duret, L., Chureau, C., Samain, S., Weissenbach, J., & Avner, P. (2006). The Xist RNA gene evolved in eutherians by pseudogenization of a protein-coding gene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5780), 1653–1655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korst, J., & Pronk, V. (2006). Multimedia Storage and Retrieval. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Güçlü, A. D. (2014). Graphene Quantum Dots. (P. Potasz, M. Korkusinski, & P. Hawrylak, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Reid, C., Collins, J., & Singh, M. (2014). Global Teachers’ Pathways to Australia. In J. Collins & M. Singh (Eds.), Global Teachers, Australian Perspectives: Goodbye Mr Chips, Hello Ms Banerjee (pp. 65–83). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aphasiology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, March 15). Ants Craft Their Own Powerful Antibiotics By Mixing Different Substances. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Administration of the Science Education Project “Man: A Course of Study”(MACOS) (No. MWD-76-26). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sweeney, M. T. (2010). Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare treatment outcomes: Wediko Children’s Services short-term residential treatment program (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. (2005, March 18). Arts, Briefly; Russian Film Studio Sale Is Delayed Yet Again. New York Times, p. E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nichols, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bendor & Wang, 2005; Nichols, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bendor & Wang, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Hartgerink, Beniash, & Stupp, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Duret, Chureau, Samain, Weissenbach, & Avner, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAphasiology
ISSN (print)0268-7038
ISSN (online)1464-5041
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Clinical Neurology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Linguistics and Language

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