How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brumfiel G. Antihydrogen: holding up a mirror to physics’ world view. Nature. 2002;420:731.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kuriyan J, Eisenberg D. The origin of protein interactions and allostery in colocalization. Nature. 2007;450:983–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hart GW, Housley MP, Slawson C. Cycling of O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine on nucleocytoplasmic proteins. Nature. 2007;446:1017–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lee SB, Mitchell DT, Trofin L, Nevanen TK, Söderlund H, Martin CR. Antibody-based bio-nanotube membranes for enantiomeric drug separations. Science. 2002;296:2198–200.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Garde F, Aelenei D, Aelenei L, Scognamiglio A, Ayoub J. Solution Sets for Net-Zero Energy Buildings. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
1. Magnenat-Thalmann N, Yuan J, Thalmann D, You B-J, editors. Context Aware Human-Robot and Human-Agent Interaction. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Di Michele L. Sleep and Dreams in Cardiovascular Pathophysiology. In: Roncella A, Pristipino C, editors. Psychotherapy for Ischemic Heart Disease: An Evidence-based Clinical Approach. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 73–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Mushrooms Capable of Generating Wind to Distribute Spores [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/mushrooms-capable-generating-wind-distribute-spores/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Whistleblower Protection Program: Opportunities Exist for OSHA and DOT to Strengthen Collaborative Mechanisms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Mar. Report No.: GAO-14-286.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. D’Ambrosio JL. Perspectives on the Geomorphic Evolution and Ecology of Modified Channels and Two-Stage Ditches in the Agriculturally-Dominated Midwestern United States [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Koblin J. Trump’s Address Attracts 48 Million Viewers. New York Times. 2017 Mar 1;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Movement Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Mov. Disord.
ISSN (online)2054-7072
Scope

Other styles