How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Foster V. IBI series winner. Exploring the evolution of human mate preference. Science. 2013;342:1060–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Woolhouse M, Donaldson A. Managing foot-and-mouth. Nature. 2001;410:515–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Walsh KJ, Richardson DC, Michel P. Rotational breakup as the origin of small binary asteroids. Nature. 2008;454:188–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dupuy AJ, Akagi K, Largaespada DA, Copeland NG, Jenkins NA. Mammalian mutagenesis using a highly mobile somatic Sleeping Beauty transposon system. Nature. 2005;436:221–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Raczynski S. Modeling and Simulation. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Elbaga O. Foundation ASP for Dreamweaver 8. Turnbull R, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jonkeren O, Ommeren J van, Rietveld P. Effects of low water levels on the river Rhine on the inland waterway transport sector. In: Hansjürgens B, Antes R, editors. Economics and Management of Climate Change: Risks, Mitigation and Adaptation. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. p. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. From Beyonce The Fly To Darth Vader The Beetle, Naming Species Can Help Save Them [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Electronic Disability Claims Processing: SSA Needs to Address Risks Associated with Its Accelerated Systems Development Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Mar. Report No.: GAO-04-466.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Schenkelberg V. Cultural competence training: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices Uphold Lethal Injection In Kentucky Case. New York Times. 2008 Apr 17;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Movement Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Mov. Disord.
ISSN (online)2054-7072

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