How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sherwood Lollar B. Geochemistry. Life’s chemical kitchen. Science. 2004;304:972–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wilson RI, Nicoll RA. Endocannabinoid signaling in the brain. Science. 2002;296:678–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sugawara T, Kano F, Murata M. Rab2A is a pivotal switch protein that promotes either secretion or ER-associated degradation of (pro)insulin in insulin-secreting cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6952.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Day JMD, Ash RD, Liu Y, Bellucci JJ, Rumble D 3rd, McDonough WF, et al. Early formation of evolved asteroidal crust. Nature. 2009;457:179–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hillis DR, Duvall JB. Improving Profitability through Green Manufacturing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Xu J. Protein Homology Detection Through Alignment of Markov Random Fields: Using MRFalign. Wang S, Ma J, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Telegeev I, Voronin E, Pakhlov E. Modification of Nanosilica Surface by Methyl Methacrylate Silane Coupling Agents. In: Reithmaier JP, Paunovic P, Kulisch W, Popov C, Petkov P, editors. Nanotechnological Basis for Advanced Sensors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 51–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Scientists Develop Robo-Whiskers That Mimic How Seals Sense [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientist-develop-robo-whiskers-mimic-how-seals-sense/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. F-22 Aircraft: Progress of the Engineering and Manufacturing Development Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Mar. Report No.: T-NSIAD-98-137.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hayes ET. Musical improvisation and the creative process [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines GG. TV’s Go-To Guy For Playing Truth or Dare. New York Times. 2011 Jul 3;AR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Movement Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Mov. Disord.
ISSN (online)2054-7072
Scope

Other styles