How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Grünbaum D. Behavior. Align in the sand. Science. 2006;312:1320–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lynch M, Conery JS. The origins of genome complexity. Science. 2003;302:1401–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yu F, Ma J, Han S. Adsorption of tetracycline from aqueous solutions onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes with different oxygen contents. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5326.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lum L, Yao S, Mozer B, Rovescalli A, Von Kessler D, Nirenberg M, et al. Identification of Hedgehog pathway components by RNAi in Drosophila cultured cells. Science. 2003;299:2039–45.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hewitt A. Construction Claims & Responses. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Casoli F. The New Worlds: Extrasolar Planets. Encrenaz T, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. d’Andréa-Novel B, De Lara M. Continuous-Time Linear Dynamical Systems. In: De Lara M, editor. Control Theory for Engineers: A Primer. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 97–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Mike Pence, The US Vice President-Elect, Has Said He Doesn’t Believe That Smoking Kills [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADA Paratransit Services: Survey of Public Transit Agency Officials on Services and Costs (GAO-13-18SP, November, 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-13-17. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Nov. Report No.: GAO-13-18SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Carey SA. Assessing the presence of antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus in reclaimed water used for spray irrigation [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. Like Shopbop, Only It’s in 3-D. New York Times. 2010 Sep 23;E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Movement Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Mov. Disord.
ISSN (online)2054-7072

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