How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Krauss TF. Physics. Control at the quantum level. Science. 2005;308:1122–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Parker JL, Newstead S. Molecular basis of nitrate uptake by the plant nitrate transporter NRT1.1. Nature. 2014;507:68–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Luhmann HJ, Kirischuk S, Kilb W. Comment on “Local impermeant anions establish the neuronal chloride concentration.” Science. 2014;345:1130.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sudarsan N, Lee ER, Weinberg Z, Moy RH, Kim JN, Link KH, et al. Riboswitches in eubacteria sense the second messenger cyclic di-GMP. Science. 2008;321:411–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Blair R. Organic Production and Food Quality. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Blanchini F. Set-Theoretic Methods in Control. 2nd ed. 2015. Miani S, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hwang EK, Park CS, Baek JM. Artificial seed production and cultivation of the edible brown alga, Sargassum fulvellum (Turner) C. Agardh: Developing a new species for seaweed cultivation in Korea. In: Anderson R, Brodie J, Onsøyen E, Critchley AT, editors. Eighteenth International Seaweed Symposium: Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Seaweed Symposium, held in Bergen, Norway, 20 – 25 June 2004. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 25–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Virus-Like Particles Deliver Treatments To Cancer Cells. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: Federal and State Efforts to Support Declining Intercity Bus Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Mar. Report No.: T-RCED-93-16.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Soltani A. Parenting and disciplinary practices of Iranian mothers: A quantitative study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. LaFRANIERE S, Palmer E. In 130 of Worst Shootings, Vision of Porous Gun Laws. New York Times. 2016 Oct 21;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Movement Disorders
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Mov. Disord.
ISSN (online)2054-7072
Scope

Other styles