How to format your references using the Chromosome Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromosome Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel JM (2001) The REM sleep-memory consolidation hypothesis. Science 294:1058–1063
A journal article with 2 authors
Gibbs MJ, Gibbs AJ (2006) Molecular virology: was the 1918 pandemic caused by a bird flu? Nature 440:E8; discussion E9-10
A journal article with 3 authors
Suda M, Kato R, Yamamoto HM (2015) Superconductivity. Light-induced superconductivity using a photoactive electric double layer. Science 347:743–746
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Eisenbarth SC, Colegio OR, O’Connor W, et al (2008) Crucial role for the Nalp3 inflammasome in the immunostimulatory properties of aluminium adjuvants. Nature 453:1122–1126

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perini K, Sabbion P (2017) Urban Sustainability and River Restoration. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Marcinkiewicz J, Schaffer SW (eds) (2015) Taurine 9. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Rasmussen KJR (2005) Stainless Steel Structures. In: Rondal J, Dubina D (eds) Light Gauge Metal Structures Recent Advances. Springer, Vienna, pp 67–119

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromosome Research.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) How To Protect Your Private Data When You Travel To The United States. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Better Management Needed in Civil Agencies Over Selection of In-House or Contract Performance of Support Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nasiriamini S (2010) The need for adaptive network application architectures. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) With a Final Shot, the Mets Are Denied as the Braves Snatch a Sweep. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegel 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Siegel 2001; Gibbs and Gibbs 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gibbs and Gibbs 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Eisenbarth et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleChromosome Research
AbbreviationChromosome Res.
ISSN (print)0967-3849
ISSN (online)1573-6849

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