How to format your references using the Chromosome Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromosome Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gasse F (2001) Paleoclimate. Hydrological changes in Africa. Science 292:2259–2260
A journal article with 2 authors
Barrangou R, Klaenhammer TR (2014) Microbiology: Bacteria get vaccinated. Nature 513:175–176
A journal article with 3 authors
Goossen LJ, Deng G, Levy LM (2006) Synthesis of biaryls via catalytic decarboxylative coupling. Science 313:662–664
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Herbert SP, Huisken J, Kim TN, et al (2009) Arterial-venous segregation by selective cell sprouting: an alternative mode of blood vessel formation. Science 326:294–298

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perry DE, Haluska MJ (2016) Hiring Greatness. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dickerson JH, Boccaccini AR (eds) (2012) Electrophoretic Deposition of Nanomaterials. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Achten P, van Eekelen M, Plasmeijer R, van Weelden A (2005) GEC: A Toolkit for Generic Rapid Prototyping of Type Safe Interactive Applications. In: Vene V, Uustalu T (eds) Advanced Functional Programming: 5th International School, AFP 2004, Tartu, Estonia, August 14 – 21, 2004, Revised Lectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 210–244

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromosome Research.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) This Is How The Flu Invades Your Body. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Drug Education: Limited Progress in Program Evaluation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carolina DS (2009) A qualitative study of the healthcare experiences and health information acquisition of African American men. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stack L, Healy J (2015) They Shared Their Working Hours, and Their Dying Moments. New York Times A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gasse 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gasse 2001; Barrangou and Klaenhammer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barrangou and Klaenhammer 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Herbert et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleChromosome Research
AbbreviationChromosome Res.
ISSN (print)0967-3849
ISSN (online)1573-6849

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