How to format your references using the Chromosome Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromosome Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner K (2007) Civil aviation faces green challenge. Nature 448:120–121
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson LDS, Jameson SC (2009) Immunology. A chronic need for IL-21. Science 324:1525–1526
A journal article with 3 authors
Cramer P, Bushnell DA, Kornberg RD (2001) Structural basis of transcription: RNA polymerase II at 2.8 angstrom resolution. Science 292:1863–1876
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sun J, Zeng J, Wang X, et al (2014) Concealing with structured light. Sci Rep 4:4093

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berto F (2009) There’s Something about Gödel. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Mukhopadhyay SC, Huang RYM (eds) (2008) Sensors: Advancements in Modeling, Design Issues, Fabrication and Practical Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hurault J, Kouidri S, Bakir F, Rey R (2009) Experimental Investigation of Wall Pressure Fluctuations in Axial Flow Fans with Different Swept. In: Xu J, Wu Y, Zhang Y, Zhang J (eds) Fluid Machinery and Fluid Mechanics: 4th International Symposium (4th ISFMFE). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 20–26

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromosome Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Study Sheds Light On The Origin Of Huntington’s Disease Within The Brain. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Highway Finance: States’ Expanding Use of Tolling Illustrates Diverse Challenges and Strategies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krutsinger R (2014) Evaluation of Grassland Restoration Success in Illinois Using Indicators of Ecosystem Function. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2016) TV’s United States of ‘Sieg Heil.’ New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleiner 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kleiner 2007; Johnson and Jameson 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Jameson 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChromosome Research
AbbreviationChromosome Res.
ISSN (print)0967-3849
ISSN (online)1573-6849

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