How to format your references using the Chromosome Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromosome Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Majumdar A (2004) Materials science. Thermoelectricity in semiconductor nanostructures. Science 303:777–778
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilks J, Golovkina T (2015) Immunology. Interfering with interferons. Science 347:233–234
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang C, Shim M, Guyot-Sionnest P (2001) Electrochromic nanocrystal quantum dots. Science 291:2390–2392
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li J, Chen Q, Long L-J, et al (2014) Bacterial dynamics within the mucus, tissue and skeleton of the coral Porites lutea during different seasons. Sci Rep 4:7320

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cleaver H, Cawson P, Gorin S, Walker S (2009) Safeguarding Children. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Kreibich C, Jahnke M (eds) (2010) Detection of Intrusions and Malware, and Vulnerability Assessment: 7th International Conference, DIMVA 2010, Bonn, Germany, July 8-9, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Păun G (2014) Some Open Problems about Catalytic, Numerical, and Spiking Neural P Systems. In: Alhazov A, Cojocaru S, Gheorghe M, et al. (eds) Membrane Computing: 14th International Conference, CMC 2013, Chişinău, Republic of Moldova, August 20-23, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromosome Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Genetic analysis reveals there are seven seperate spcies of African crocodiles. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Postsecondary Education: Multiple Tax Preferences and Title IV Student Aid Programs Create a Complex Education Financing Environment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crowley CJ (2010) A critical analysis of the CELF-4: The responsible clinician’s guide to the CELF-4. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2011) A No. 2 Theater Company Grabs the State Spotlight. New York Times A25B

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Majumdar 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Majumdar 2004; Wilks and Golovkina 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilks and Golovkina 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChromosome Research
AbbreviationChromosome Res.
ISSN (print)0967-3849
ISSN (online)1573-6849

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