How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroimmunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroimmunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rockström, J., 2015. A “perfect” agreement in Paris is not essential. Nature 527, 411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teagle, D., Ildefonse, B., 2011. Journey to the mantle of the Earth. Nature 471, 437–439.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kempner, J., Perlis, C.S., Merz, J.F., 2005. Ethics. Forbidden knowledge. Science 307, 854.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Heekeren, H.R., Marrett, S., Bandettini, P.A., Ungerleider, L.G., 2004. A general mechanism for perceptual decision-making in the human brain. Nature 431, 859–862.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arboleda, H., Royer, J.-C., 2012. Model-Driven and Software Product Line Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zhang, X., 2011. Vehicle Power Management: Modeling, Control and Optimization, Power Systems. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Esch, H., 2012. Foraging Honey Bees: How Foragers Determine and Transmit Information About Feeding Site Locations, in: Galizia, C.G., Eisenhardt, D., Giurfa, M. (Eds.), Honeybee Neurobiology and Behavior: A Tribute to Randolf Menzel. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroimmunology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Failed Stars Could Reveal New Clues About How Planets Form [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Social Security: Telephone Access to Local Field Offices (No. HRD-91-112). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Libman, M., 2012. A policy analysis of the Penal Code Section 186.20-186.33: California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., 2017. Seeking a Shift to Entrepreneurship, Executive Will Leave JPMorgan. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rockström, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Rockström, 2015; Teagle and Ildefonse, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teagle and Ildefonse, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Heekeren et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroimmunology
AbbreviationJ. Neuroimmunol.
ISSN (print)0165-5728
Immunology and Allergy
Clinical Neurology

Other styles