How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroimmunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroimmunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ingham, P.W., 2001. Hedgehog signaling: a tale of two lipids. Science 294, 1879–1881.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maruyama, D., Zochowski, M., 2014. Competition and cooperation between active intra-network and passive extra-network transport processes. Sci. Rep. 4, 5269.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghimire, A., Shafran, E., Gerton, J.M., 2014. Using a sharp metal tip to control the polarization and direction of emission from a quantum dot. Sci. Rep. 4, 6456.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wolf, S.A., Awschalom, D.D., Buhrman, R.A., Daughton, J.M., von Molnár, S., Roukes, M.L., Chtchelkanova, A.Y., Treger, D.M., 2001. Spintronics: a spin-based electronics vision for the future. Science 294, 1488–1495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Palmquist, S.R., 2015. Comprehensive Commentary on Kant’s Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Doumeingts, G., Müller, J., Morel, G., Vallespir, B. (Eds.), 2007. Enterprise Interoperability: New Challenges and Approaches. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Gardiner, S.M., 2013. Socrates on the Impossibility of a Reasonable Politics, in: Anagnostopoulos, G., Miller, F.D., Jr. (Eds.), Reason and Analysis in Ancient Greek Philosophy: Essays in Honor of David Keyt. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 67–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroimmunology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. How to Produce Sparks from Falling Water [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. A Selected Bibliography on Computer Software Conversion (No. 090884). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaplan, J.W., 2014. Not a sonata: A conception of Sonata-Allegro form and a consideration of two marimba works from a Langerian perspective (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble, J., 2017. Airbag Crisis Sends Takata To Its Demise. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ingham, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ingham, 2001; Maruyama and Zochowski, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maruyama and Zochowski, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wolf et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroimmunology
AbbreviationJ. Neuroimmunol.
ISSN (print)0165-5728
Immunology and Allergy
Clinical Neurology

Other styles