How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroimmunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroimmunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parks, J.E., 2nd, 2010. Chemistry. Less costly catalysts for controlling engine emissions. Science 327, 1584–1585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wordsworth, R., Pierrehumbert, R., 2013. Hydrogen-nitrogen greenhouse warming in Earth’s early atmosphere. Science 339, 64–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hines, P.J., Wible, B., McCartney, M., 2010. Science, language, and literacy. Learning to read, reading to learn. Introduction. Science 328, 447.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ishida, N., Byrnes, T., Nori, F., Yamamoto, Y., 2013. Photoluminescence of a microcavity quantum dot system in the quantum strong-coupling regime. Sci. Rep. 3, 1180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gaisford, S., Saunders, M., 2012. Essentials of Pharmaceutical Preformulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Oestern, H.-J., Trentz, O., Uranues, S. (Eds.), 2014. General Trauma Care and Related Aspects: Trauma Surgery II, European Manual of Medicine. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Beraldi, P., Consigli, G., Simone, F.D., Iaquinta, G., Violi, A., 2011. Hedging Market and Credit Risk in Corporate Bond Portfolios, in: Bertocchi, M., Consigli, G., Dempster, M.A.H. (Eds.), Stochastic Optimization Methods in Finance and Energy: New Financial Products and Energy Market Strategies, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 73–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroimmunology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Genetic Study Reveals That There Are Four Species Of Giraffe, Not One [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Space Acquisitions: DOD Is Making Progress to Rapidly Deliver Low Cost Space Capabilities, but Challenges Remain (No. GAO-08-516). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cinquemani, S., 2017. Fostering New Spaces: Challenging Dominant Constructions of Power and Knowledge in Early Childhood Art Education (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Surico, J., 2017. The Film Festival in a Backyard. New York Times MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parks, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Parks, 2010; Wordsworth and Pierrehumbert, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wordsworth and Pierrehumbert, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ishida et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroimmunology
AbbreviationJ. Neuroimmunol.
ISSN (print)0165-5728
Immunology and Allergy
Clinical Neurology

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