How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroimmunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroimmunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirchhoff, F., 2010. Neuroscience. Questionable calcium. Science 327, 1212–1213.
A journal article with 2 authors
Selby, D., Creaser, R.A., 2005. Direct radiometric dating of hydrocarbon deposits using rhenium-osmium isotopes. Science 308, 1293–1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serizawa, T., Hamada, K.-I., Akashi, M., 2004. Polymerization within a molecular-scale stereoregular template. Nature 429, 52–55.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Resta, A., Leoni, T., Barth, C., Ranguis, A., Becker, C., Bruhn, T., Vogt, P., Le Lay, G., 2013. Atomic structures of silicene layers grown on Ag(111): scanning tunneling microscopy and noncontact atomic force microscopy observations. Sci. Rep. 3, 2399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia, T., Anzur, T., 2011. Power Performance. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Seipel, D., Hanus, M., Wolf, A. (Eds.), 2009. Applications of Declarative Programming and Knowledge Management: 17th International Conference, INAP 2007, and 21st Workshop on Logic Programming, WLP 2007, Würzburg, Germany, October 4-6, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Guck, D., Hatefi, H., Hermanns, H., Katoen, J.-P., Timmer, M., 2013. Modelling, Reduction and Analysis of Markov Automata, in: Joshi, K., Siegle, M., Stoelinga, M., D’Argenio, P.R. (Eds.), Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 10th International Conference, QEST 2013, Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 27-30, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 55–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroimmunology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. San Francisco Biohackers Are Wearing Implants Made For Diabetes In The Pursuit Of “Human Enhancement” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. National Airspace System: FAA Has Made Progress but Continues to Face Challenges in Acquiring Major Air Traffic Control Systems (No. GAO-05-331). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fleming, T.C., 2015. The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Besner, L., 2017. Your Happy Place May Be in Need of an Undersea Princess. New York Times MM17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirchhoff, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kirchhoff, 2010; Selby and Creaser, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Selby and Creaser, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Resta et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroimmunology
AbbreviationJ. Neuroimmunol.
ISSN (print)0165-5728
Immunology and Allergy
Clinical Neurology

Other styles