How to format your references using the Journal of Choice Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Choice Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gregory, C.D., 2014. Cell biology: The disassembly of death. Nature 507, 312–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aide, T.M., Grau, H.R., 2004. Ecology. Globalization, migration, and Latin American ecosystems. Science 305, 1915–1916.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chao, B.F., Wu, Y.H., Li, Y.S., 2008. Impact of artificial reservoir water impoundment on global sea level. Science 320, 212–214.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, W., Zhou, J., Li, B., Ma, J., Tao, S., Xia, D., Chu, W., Wu, Z., 2014. Detailed investigation of Na2.24FePO4CO3 as a cathode material for Na-ion batteries. Sci. Rep. 4, 4188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Upreti, S.R., 2017. Process Modeling and Simulation for Chemical Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Benner, P., Findeisen, R., Flockerzi, D., Reichl, U., Sundmacher, K. (Eds.), 2014. Large-Scale Networks in Engineering and Life Sciences, Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Neumann, G., Cairns, D., 2016. A Targeted Estimation of Distribution Algorithm Compared to Traditional Methods in Feature Selection, in: Madani, K., Dourado, A., Rosa, A., Filipe, J., Kacprzyk, J. (Eds.), Computational Intelligence: Revised and Selected Papers of the International Joint Conference, IJCCI 2013, Vilamoura, Portugal, September 20-22, 2013, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 83–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Choice Modelling.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Chimps Adapt to Life in Degraded, Human-Dominated Areas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-98-13(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lavoie, D., 2010. Ecotone (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cobb, J.G., 2017. Why Fog Lamps Are Going the Way Of Built-In Ashtrays. New York Times B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gregory, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Aide and Grau, 2004; Gregory, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aide and Grau, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Choice Modelling
ISSN (print)1755-5345
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Modelling and Simulation

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