How to format your references using the Journal of Choice Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Choice Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Warren, W.S., 2001. Nuclear magnetic resonance. Multidimensional symmetry in a three-dimensional world. Science 294, 1475–1476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Andrew, P., Barnes, W.L., 2004. Energy transfer across a metal film mediated by surface plasmon polaritons. Science 306, 1002–1005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baulch, H.M., Stanley, E.H., Bernhardt, E.S., 2011. Can algal uptake stop NO3(-) pollution? Nature 477, E3; discussion E3-4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hyland, C., Dufresne, E.R., Dufrense, E.R., Forscher, P., 2014. Regeneration of Aplysia bag cell neurons is synergistically enhanced by substrate-bound hemolymph proteins and laminin. Sci. Rep. 4, 4617.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blair, R., Regenstein, J.M., 2015. Genetic Modification and Food Quality. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Berthod, A. (Ed.), 2010. Chiral Recognition in Separation Methods: Mechanisms and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Budka, M., Eastwood, M., Gabrys, B., Kadlec, P., Martin Salvador, M., Schwan, S., Tsakonas, A., Žliobaitė, I., 2014. From Sensor Readings to Predictions: On the Process of Developing Practical Soft Sensors, in: Blockeel, H., Leeuwen, M. van, Vinciotti, V. (Eds.), Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XIII: 13th International Symposium, IDA 2014, Leuven, Belgium, October 30 – November 1, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Choice Modelling.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Houseplants could one day power TVs, computers, and more [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Space Shuttle: The Future of the Vandenberg Launch Site Needs to Be Determined (No. NSIAD-88-158). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bhatnagar, A., 2012. Buckling and weight optimization for non-coupled antisymmetric laminates (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Justices Support Guidelines for Sentencing. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Warren, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Andrew and Barnes, 2004; Warren, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Andrew and Barnes, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hyland et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Choice Modelling
ISSN (print)1755-5345
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Modelling and Simulation

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