How to format your references using the Journal of Choice Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Choice Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coward, F., 2008. Archaeology. Standing on the shoulders of giants. Science 319, 1493–1495.
A journal article with 2 authors
Varmus, H., Harlow, E., 2012. Science funding: Provocative questions in cancer research. Nature 481, 436–437.
A journal article with 3 authors
del Campo, A., Goold, J., Paternostro, M., 2014. More bang for your buck: super-adiabatic quantum engines. Sci. Rep. 4, 6208.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fadrique, B., Báez, S., Duque, Á., Malizia, A., Blundo, C., Carilla, J., Osinaga-Acosta, O., Malizia, L., Silman, M., Farfán-Ríos, W., Malhi, Y., Young, K.R., Cuesta C, F., Homeier, J., Peralvo, M., Pinto, E., Jadan, O., Aguirre, N., Aguirre, Z., Feeley, K.J., 2018. Widespread but heterogeneous responses of Andean forests to climate change. Nature.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Retherford, R.D., Choe, M.K., 1993. Statistical Models for Causal Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schütze, O., Coello Coello, C.A., Tantar, A.-A., Tantar, E., Bouvry, P., Del Moral, P., Legrand, P. (Eds.), 2013. EVOLVE - A Bridge between Probability, Set Oriented Numerics, and Evolutionary Computation II, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Krantz, S.G., Parks, H.R., 2014. Dynamical Systems, in: Parks, H.R. (Ed.), A Mathematical Odyssey: Journey from the Real to the Complex. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 81–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Choice Modelling.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Against All Odds, AI Is Owning Humans At A Poker Tournament [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Transportation Coordination: Benefits and Barriers Exist, and Planning Efforts Progress Slowly (No. RCED-00-1). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nixon, H.A., 2015. Defining Principals: The Seen and the Unseen. A Critical Discourse Analysis of Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium Standards Five and Six (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W.K., Schwirtz, M., 2017. Amid Rikers Chaos, Jails Chief Often Left Town. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coward, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Coward, 2008; Varmus and Harlow, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Varmus and Harlow, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Fadrique et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Choice Modelling
ISSN (print)1755-5345
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Modelling and Simulation

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