How to format your references using the Journal of Choice Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Choice Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cole, A.A., 2000. ASTRONOMY: The Distance to the Large Magellanic Cloud. Science 289, 1149–1150.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diaz, R.J., Rosenberg, R., 2008. Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems. Science 321, 926–929.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prospero, J.M., Bullard, J.E., Hodgkins, R., 2012. High-latitude dust over the North Atlantic: inputs from Icelandic proglacial dust storms. Science 335, 1078–1082.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zheng, S., Carpenter, J.S., McCabe, R.J., Beyerlein, I.J., Mara, N.A., 2014. Engineering interface structures and thermal stabilities via SPD processing in bulk nanostructured metals. Sci. Rep. 4, 4226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, W.C., 2016. Resistivity Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cervesato, I., Veith, H., Voronkov, A. (Eds.), 2008. Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning: 15th International Conference, LPAR 2008, Doha, Qatar, November 22-27, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Xie, H., Onal, C., Régnier, S., Sitti, M., 2012. Nanomechanics of AFM Based Nanomanipulation, in: Onal, C., Régnier, S., Sitti, M. (Eds.), Atomic Force Microscopy Based Nanorobotics: Modelling, Simulation, Setup Building and Experiments, Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 87–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Choice Modelling.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New Laser Surgery Can Turn Your Eyes From Brown To Blue For $5000 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Education’s Library: Actions Needed to Improve Its Usefulness (No. HRD-91-61). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, W.C., 2015. Life satisfaction of Air Force civilian male spouses (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2013. Bolshoi Official Raises Attack Questions. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cole, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cole, 2000; Diaz and Rosenberg, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diaz and Rosenberg, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Zheng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Choice Modelling
ISSN (print)1755-5345
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Modelling and Simulation

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