How to format your references using the Journal of Choice Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Choice Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duncan, S.R., 2012. Perspective: Clues, not conclusions. Nature 489, S15.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klein, G., Klein, E., 2001. Bridge or ravine? Nature 413, 365.
A journal article with 3 authors
Walsh, J.P., Cho, C., Cohen, W.M., 2005. Science and law. View from the bench: patents and material transfers. Science 309, 2002–2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blanke, O., Ortigue, S., Landis, T., Seeck, M., 2002. Stimulating illusory own-body perceptions. Nature 419, 269–270.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eligehausen, R., Mallée, R., Silva, J.F., 2012. Anchorage in Concrete Construction. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Lu, J., Kerre, E. (Eds.), 2013. A Tribute to Prof. Dr. Da Ruan. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Braun, T., Gotzhein, R., Wiebel, M., 2011. Integration of FlexRay into the SDL-Model-Driven Development Approach, in: Kraemer, F.A., Herrmann, P. (Eds.), System Analysis and Modeling: About Models: 6th International Workshop, SAM 2010, Oslo, Norway, October 4-5, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 56–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Choice Modelling.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. France To Ban Breeding Of Captive Orcas And Dolphins [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. General Government Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-96-28(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasan, S.N., 2012. Design and optimization of 2012 Formula SAE chassis with finite element analysis for CSULB (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L., 2017. Election Influence, Separate and Unequal. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Duncan, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Duncan, 2012; Klein and Klein, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klein and Klein, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Blanke et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Choice Modelling
ISSN (print)1755-5345
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Modelling and Simulation

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