How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Physics (IJP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A Robinson Nature 526 499 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
A Thornton and K McAuliffe Science 313 227 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
J M Fuster, M Bodner, and J K Kroger Nature 405 347 (2000).
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Y Yamane, S Hemmatiyan, J Ieda, S Maekawa, and J Sinova Sci. Rep. 4 6901 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A Sanchez and B Carro Digital Services in the 21st Century (Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, Inc.) (2017).
An edited book
M Budruk and R Phillips (eds) Quality-of-Life Community Indicators for Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management (Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands) (2011).
A chapter in an edited book
B Zwick, G R Joldes, A Wittek, and K Miller Numerical Algorithm for Simulation of Soft Tissue Swelling and Shrinking in a Total Lagrangian Explicit Dynamics Framework (eds) B Doyle, K Miller, A Wittek, and P M F Nielsen, (Cham : Springer International Publishing) p 37 (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Physics.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel in the Federal Government (Exposure Draft) (Washington, DC : U.S. Government Printing Office) (1997).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D M McKelvey Doctoral dissertation (University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ) (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M J O Murphy New York Times LI7 (2013).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Physics
ISSN (print)0973-1458
ISSN (online)0974-9845

Other styles