How to format your references using the Journal of Chiropractic Humanities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chiropractic Humanities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zeng W. China’s challenge. Nature. 2008;452(7190):1028-1029.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Paerl HW, Huisman J. Climate. Blooms like it hot. Science. 2008;320(5872):57-58.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Belmonte A, Di Clemente R, Buldyrev SV. The Italian primary school-size distribution and the city-size: a complex nexus. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5301.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hsu H-J, Liang M-R, Chen C-T, Chung B-C. Pregnenolone stabilizes microtubules and promotes zebrafish embryonic cell movement. Nature. 2006;439(7075):480-483.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Armaroli N, Balzani V. Energy for a Sustainable World. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Gjedde A. Neurokinetics: The Dynamics of Neurobiology in Vivo. (Bauer WR, Wong DF, eds.). Springer US; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chevalier C, Ginsbourger D, Bect J, Molchanov I. Estimating and Quantifying Uncertainties on Level Sets Using the Vorob’ev Expectation and Deviation with Gaussian Process Models. In: Ucinski D, Atkinson AC, Patan M, eds. MODa 10 – Advances in Model-Oriented Design and Analysis: Proceedings of the 10th International Workshop in Model-Oriented Design and Analysis Held in Łagów Lubuski, Poland, June 10–14, 2013. Contributions to Statistics. Springer International Publishing; 2013:35-43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chiropractic Humanities.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Solar Fuels: How Planes And Cars Could Be Powered By The Sun. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Need for a National Weather Modification Reseach Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Powell TJ. Saxophone sonatas: 1980–2010. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Cooper M. Misty Copeland Named A Face of Estée Lauder. New York Times. July 31, 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chiropractic Humanities
AbbreviationJ. Chiropr. Humanit.
ISSN (print)1556-3499
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine
Chiropractics

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