How to format your references using the Journal of Chiropractic Humanities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chiropractic Humanities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ando K. Materials science. Seeking room-temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors. Science. 2006;312(5782):1883-1885.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Weir JT, Schluter D. The latitudinal gradient in recent speciation and extinction rates of birds and mammals. Science. 2007;315(5818):1574-1576.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gu M, Kang H, Li X. Breaking the diffraction-limited resolution barrier in fiber-optical two-photon fluorescence endoscopy by an azimuthally-polarized beam. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3627.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wu M, Zhao D, Zhong W, et al. High-density distributed electrode network, a multi-functional electroporation method for delivery of molecules of different sizes. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3370.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hagen J. Industrial Catalysis. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Samarati P, Yung M, Martinelli F, Ardagna CA, eds. Information Security: 12th International Conference, ISC 2009, Pisa, Italy, September 7-9, 2009. Proceedings. Vol 5735. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Norcliffe E, Konopka AE. Vision and Language in Cross-Linguistic Research on Sentence Production. In: Mishra RK, Srinivasan N, Huettig F, eds. Attention and Vision in Language Processing. Springer India; 2015:77-96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chiropractic Humanities.

Blog post
1.
Evans K. Marriages Fail When Couples Get Stuck In These Two Toxic Relationship Dynamics. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Business Modernization: NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program Does Not Fully Address Agency’s External Reporting Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lucas MA. Bridging the Gap Between Schools and Families Through Teacher Home Visits. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Against All Odds, Mets Overcome a Season of Adversity and Clinch a Playoff Berth. New York Times. October 2, 2016:SP11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chiropractic Humanities
AbbreviationJ. Chiropr. Humanit.
ISSN (print)1556-3499
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine
Chiropractics

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