How to format your references using the American Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture (AJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glynn I. 2001. An intriguing door. Nature 413:683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fitzgerald KA, Golenbock DT. 2007. Immunology. The shape of things to come. Science 316:1574–1576.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pan ZW, Dai ZR, Wang ZL. 2001. Nanobelts of semiconducting oxides. Science 291:1947–1949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee JW, Beebe K, Nangle LA, Jang J, Longo-Guess CM, Cook SA, Davisson MT, Sundberg JP, Schimmel P, Ackerman SL. 2006. Editing-defective tRNA synthetase causes protein misfolding and neurodegeneration. Nature 443:50–55.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brenner IR. 2010. How to Survive a Medical Malpractice Lawsuit. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Hu R, Liu J, Zhai M (Eds.). 2010. Mineral Resources Science in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fattorini D, Regoli F. 2012. Hyper-Accumulation of Vanadium in Polychaetes. In Vanadium: Biochemical and Molecular Biological Approaches. H Michibata (ed.), pp. 73–92. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Scientists Successfully Convert Waste Plastic Into Fuel. IFLScience. as found on the IFLScience website (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. Need To Improve Management of ACDA’s Automatic Data Processing and Operations Analysis Functions. No. NSIAD-83-66U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tasoff AJ. 2017. Quantifying the Genetic Capacity of California Grunion (Leuresthes tenuis) to Adapt to Ocean Acidification. [Doctoral dissertation], California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. 2016. A Pot of Gold Has to Be Good, Right? New York Times:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Glynn 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Fitzgerald and Golenbock 2007, Glynn 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fitzgerald and Golenbock 2007)
  • Three authors: (Pan et al. 2001)
  • Four or more authors: (Lee et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0002-9254

Other styles