How to format your references using the American Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture (AJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P. 2015. Chemistry: Why synthesize? Nature 528:327–329.
A journal article with 2 authors
Semmelhack JL, Wang JW. 2009. Select Drosophila glomeruli mediate innate olfactory attraction and aversion. Nature 459:218–223.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu L-A, Walther P, Lidar DA. 2013. No-go theorem for passive single-rail linear optical quantum computing. Sci Rep 3:1394.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fu W, Du F-H, Su J, Li X-H, Wei X, Ye T-N, Wang K-X, Chen J-S. 2014. In situ catalytic growth of large-area multilayered graphene/MoS2 heterostructures. Sci Rep 4:4673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Golio M. 2006. Engineering Your Retirement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Scholz C, Zentes J (Eds.). 2006. Strategic Management — New Rules for Old Europe. Gabler, Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Dypvik H, Smelror M, Mørk A, Werner SC, Torsvik TH. 2011. Impact Cratering and Post-impact Sedimentation. In The Mjølnir Impact Event and its Consequences: Geology and Geophysics of a Late Jurassic/Early Cretaceous Marine Impact Event. F Tsikalas, H Dypvik, and M Smelror (eds.), pp. 139–174. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Scientist Proposes That Black Holes are Harmless Holograms. IFLScience. as found on the IFLScience website (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Potential Problems That Should Be Considered in Evaluating the Experimental Technology Incentives Program. No. PSAD-77-132U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez PJ. 2013. “Stepping stones”: Empowering mental health patients through connections with significant others: A grant proposal. [Doctoral dissertation], California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2016. California Town and Its Public Retirees Reel Under $1.6 Million Pension Bill. New York Times:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ball 2015, Semmelhack and Wang 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Semmelhack and Wang 2009)
  • Three authors: (Wu et al. 2013)
  • Four or more authors: (Fu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0002-9254

Other styles