How to format your references using the American Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture (AJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Celotti A. 2008. Astronomy. Life after death. Science 321:1164–1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen MR, Stainforth DA. 2002. Towards objective probabalistic climate forecasting. Nature 419:228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chou C-H, Chuang J-K, Chen F-C. 2013. High-performance flexible waveguiding photovoltaics. Sci Rep 3:2244.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Johansen A, Oishi JS, Mac Low M-M, Klahr H, Henning T, Youdin A. 2007. Rapid planetesimal formation in turbulent circumstellar disks. Nature 448:1022–1025.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandrea N, Stănescu N-D. 2015. Dynamics of the Rigid Solid with General Constraints by a Multibody Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Duffuaa SO. 2015. Planning and Control of Maintenance Systems: Modelling and Analysis. A Raouf (ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Culea M, Culea E, Cozar O, Ilesan D, Udrescu M. 2009. Diagnosis and Control by Using Biomarkers. In International Conference on Advancements of Medicine and Health Care through Technology: 23–26 September, 2009, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. S Vlad, RV Ciupa, and AI Nicu (eds.), pp. 19–24. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2017. The Milky Way Is Running Away From An Extragalactic Void. IFLScience. as found on the IFLScience website (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps to Improve Vetting of Airport Workers. No. GAO-15-704TU.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez TM. 2008. A quasi-experimental study of the relationship between school structure and student outcomes. [Doctoral dissertation], University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tommasini A, Oestreich JR, da FONSECA-WOLLHEIM C, Allen D, Cooper M, Woolfe Z. 2016. For Classical Fans, Boxed Sets and Beyond. New York Times:C13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Celotti 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Allen and Stainforth 2002, Celotti 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allen and Stainforth 2002)
  • Three authors: (Chou et al. 2013)
  • Four or more authors: (Johansen et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0002-9254

Other styles