How to format your references using the American Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture (AJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carucci D. 2004. Know thine enemy. Nature 430:944–945.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugimoto N, Nagaosa N. 2012. Spin-orbit echo. Science 336:1413–1416.
A journal article with 3 authors
Osborne I, Lavine M, Coontz R. 2010. Materials for electronics. Looking beyond silicon. Introduction. Science 327:1595.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reimers JR, Cai Z-L, Kobayashi R, Rätsep M, Freiberg A, Krausz E. 2013. Assignment of the Q-bands of the chlorophylls: coherence loss via Qx - Qy mixing. Sci Rep 3:2761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tapiero CS. 2010. Risk Finance and Asset Pricing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hope DA (Ed.). 2009. Contemporary Perspectives on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Nicolai N, Crestani A. 2015. Is There Still an Indication for Primary RPLND in Clinical Stage I Non-seminoma? In Diagnosis and Management of Testicular Cancer: The European Point of View. S Krege (ed.), pp. 29–54. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Hale T. 2016. Everything You Need To Know About Tor And The Deep Web. IFLScience. as found on the IFLScience website (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Avoiding Major Disruptions Will Require Strong Leadership and Effective Partnerships. No. T-AIMD-98-267U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter CA. 2008. The Panhellenic Project: Assessing learning engagement using Web 2.0 technologies. [Doctoral dissertation], Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. 2017. Fantasy Frenzy? Or Eerie Dreams? New York Times:C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carucci 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Carucci 2004, Sugimoto and Nagaosa 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sugimoto and Nagaosa 2012)
  • Three authors: (Osborne et al. 2010)
  • Four or more authors: (Reimers et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0002-9254

Other styles