How to format your references using the American Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture (AJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Melhuish EC. 2011. Education. Preschool matters. Science 333:299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fengos G, Iber D. 2013. Prediction stability in a data-based, mechanistic model of σF regulation during sporulation in Bacillus subtilis. Sci Rep 3:2755.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weng J-K, Philippe RN, Noel JP. 2012. The rise of chemodiversity in plants. Science 336:1667–1670.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang R, Higgins DC, Hoque MA, Lee D, Hassan F, Chen Z. 2013. Controlled growth of platinum nanowire arrays on sulfur doped graphene as high performance electrocatalyst. Sci Rep 3:2431.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lunn G, Sansone EB. 2012. Destruction of Hazardous Chemicals in the Laboratory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Daras NJ (Ed.). 2014. Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Science and Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Roland CM, Casalini R. 2010. Reorientational Relaxation Time at the Onset of Intermolecular Cooperativity. In Metastable Systems under Pressure. S Rzoska, A Drozd-Rzoska, and V Mazur (eds.), pp. 53–61. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. First Ever Color Photo Of Pluto And Charon Sent Back By New Horizons Spacecraft. IFLScience. as found on the IFLScience website (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. First Look at Senior Executive Service Performance Awards. No. FPCD-80-74U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall SL. 2010. Psychologists’ use of, familiarity, and comfort with Alcoholics Anonymous Slogans in psychotherapy. [Doctoral dissertation], Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. 2010. Check In /Check Out; MIAMI BEACH, FLA.: Soho Beach House. New York Times:TR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Melhuish 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fengos and Iber 2013, Melhuish 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fengos and Iber 2013)
  • Three authors: (Weng et al. 2012)
  • Four or more authors: (Wang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0002-9254

Other styles