How to format your references using the American Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture (AJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dernburg AF. 2012. Molecular biology. RNA plays meiotic matchmaker. Science 336:681–682.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abrahamsen H, Stenmark H. 2011. Cell biology. Growth signaling from inside. Science 334:611–612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santos NC, Benz W, Mayor M. 2005. Extrasolar planets: constraints for planet formation models. Science 310:251–255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Setoguchi R, Tachibana M, Naoe Y, Muroi S, Akiyama K, Tezuka C, Okuda T, Taniuchi I. 2008. Repression of the transcription factor Th-POK by Runx complexes in cytotoxic T cell development. Science 319:822–825.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brandimarte P. 2014. Handbook in Monte Carlo Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pambuccian SE. 2011. Lymph Node Cytopathology. RH Bardales (ed.). Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Koranyi A. 2011. Holomorphic and Harmonic Functions on Bounded Symmetric Domains. In Geometry of Homogeneous Bounded Domains. E Vesentini (ed.), pp. 125–197. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Evans K. 2016. Stephen Hawking: Humans Only Have About 1,000 Years Left. IFLScience. as found on the IFLScience website (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. IV, No. 2. No. 135433U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller NY. 2017. Nutrition education series for female club soccer players 14 to 18 years of age. [Doctoral dissertation], California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J. 2017. Roz Chast Is New Yorkier Than You. New York Times:MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dernburg 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Abrahamsen and Stenmark 2011, Dernburg 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abrahamsen and Stenmark 2011)
  • Three authors: (Santos et al. 2005)
  • Four or more authors: (Setoguchi et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0002-9254

Other styles