How to format your references using the Folia Microbiologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Folia Microbiologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaston KJ (2013) Sustainability: A green light for efficiency. Nature 497:560–561
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson DWJ, Solomon S (2002) Interpretation of recent Southern Hemisphere climate change. Science 296:895–899
A journal article with 3 authors
Lazzaro BP, Sceurman BK, Clark AG (2004) Genetic basis of natural variation in D. melanogaster antibacterial immunity. Science 303:1873–1876
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Polovinkin L, Hassaine G, Perot J, et al (2018) Conformational transitions of the serotonin 5-HT3 receptor. Nature 563:275–279

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossi RJ (2006) Theorems, Corollaries, Lemmas, and Methods of Proof. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wantzen KM, Rothhaupt K-O, Mörtl M, et al (eds) (2008) Ecological Effects of Water-Level Fluctuations in Lakes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Stober T, Hansmann U (2010) Tooling. In: Hansmann U (ed) Agile Software Development: Best Practices for Large Software Development Projects. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 61–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Folia Microbiologica.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Spikes In Seawater Acidity Linked To Coral Reef Growth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) Delays and Increased Cost Result From the Zilwaukee, Michigan, Bridge Project Mishap. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Werbeck K-U (2012) From rubble to revolutions and raves: Literary interrogations of German media ecologies. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Medina J, Pérez-Peña R, Schmidt MS, Goodstein L (2015) Arms Stockpile Is Found in Home of Two Suspects. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaston 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Thompson and Solomon 2002; Gaston 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Solomon 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Polovinkin et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFolia Microbiologica
AbbreviationFolia Microbiol. (Praha)
ISSN (print)0015-5632
ISSN (online)1874-9356
General Medicine

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