How to format your references using the Folia Microbiologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Folia Microbiologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yuan J (2014) Applied physics: Bright electron twisters. Nature 509:37–38
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng Z, Tsourkas A (2014) Monitoring phospholipase A₂ activity with Gd-encapsulated phospholipid liposomes. Sci Rep 4:6958
A journal article with 3 authors
Richard D, Clanet C, Quéré D (2002) Contact time of a bouncing drop. Nature 417:811
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Staskawicz BJ, Mudgett MB, Dangl JL, Galan JE (2001) Common and contrasting themes of plant and animal diseases. Science 292:2285–2289

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barkham R (2012) Real Estate and Globalisation. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Ésik Z (ed) (2006) Computer Science Logic: 20th International Workshop, CSL 2006, 15th Annual Conference of the EACSL, Szeged, Hungary, September 25-29, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Smith JD, McCrohan KF (2015) A Phenomenological Approach to Consumer Use of Informal Suppliers. In: Lindquist JD (ed) Proceedings of the 1984 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 23–26

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Folia Microbiologica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Should You Rely On First Instincts When Answering A Multiple Choice Exam? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Discontinuance of Social Security Student Benefits. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mann HM (2009) Testing for differentially functioning indicators using mixtures of confirmatory factor analysis models. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2008) A Builder of Broadway’s World, From ‘Chicago’ to ‘Spamalot.’ New York Times WE6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yuan 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Yuan 2014; Cheng and Tsourkas 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng and Tsourkas 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Staskawicz et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFolia Microbiologica
AbbreviationFolia Microbiol. (Praha)
ISSN (print)0015-5632
ISSN (online)1874-9356
General Medicine

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