How to format your references using the Folia Microbiologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Folia Microbiologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stokstad E (2000) PALEONTOLOGY: CT Sleuthing Uncovers Fossil Misfits. Science 288:1731
A journal article with 2 authors
Prokopenko M, Lizier JT (2014) Transfer entropy and transient limits of computation. Sci Rep 4:5394
A journal article with 3 authors
Cherry JL, Adler FR, Johnson KP (2002) Islands, equilibria, and speciation. Science 296:975
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Custers J, Gegenwart P, Wilhelm H, et al (2003) The break-up of heavy electrons at a quantum critical point. Nature 424:524–527

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kizer G (2013) Digital Microwave Communication. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mogensen CE (ed) (2007) Pharmacotherapy of Diabetes: New Developments: Improving Life and Prognosis for Diabetic Patients. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Hofer TS (2015) Probing Proton Transfer Reactions in Molecular Dynamics—A Crucial Prerequisite for QM/MM Simulations Using Dissociative Models. In: Rivail J-L, Ruiz-Lopez M, Assfeld X (eds) Quantum Modeling of Complex Molecular Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 115–134

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Folia Microbiologica.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Gravitational Waves Might Test For Extra Dimensions. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Reimbursement of Depreciation and Interest Costs for Construction of Satellite Hospital. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis PJ (2009) A comparison of a high and low -performing school in the Soroti Catholic Diocese, Uganda, East -Africa. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dougherty C (2017) Inside Yelp’s Fierce Google Grudge. New York Times BU1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Stokstad 2000; Prokopenko and Lizier 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prokopenko and Lizier 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Custers et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFolia Microbiologica
AbbreviationFolia Microbiol. (Praha)
ISSN (print)0015-5632
ISSN (online)1874-9356
General Medicine

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