How to format your references using the Folia Microbiologica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Folia Microbiologica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonnell DA (2013) Materials science. Ferroelectric organic materials catch up with oxides. Science 339:401–402
A journal article with 2 authors
Conover DO, Munch SB (2002) Sustaining fisheries yields over evolutionary time scales. Science 297:94–96
A journal article with 3 authors
Schwarz G, Mendel RR, Ribbe MW (2009) Molybdenum cofactors, enzymes and pathways. Nature 460:839–847
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pereira M, Pfisterer U, Rylander D, et al (2014) Highly efficient generation of induced neurons from human fibroblasts that survive transplantation into the adult rat brain. Sci Rep 4:6330

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daubert EJ (2009) The Annual Campaign. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Singh Saharan G (2016) Alternaria Diseases of Crucifers: Biology, Ecology and Disease Management, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Buchholz TA, Madary DA, Bork D, Younos T (2016) Stream Restoration in Urban Environments: Concept, Design Principles, and Case Studies of Stream Daylighting. In: Younos T, Parece TE (eds) Sustainable Water Management in Urban Environments. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 121–165

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Folia Microbiologica.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Vitamin D Supplements May Help Reduce The Risk Of Severe Asthma Attacks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Critical Infrastructure Protection: Comments on the National Plan for Information Systems Protection. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kingston SE (2012) Genome-wide analysis of divergence and introgression in towhee hybrid zones. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2012) Austin Auteur Tries Traditional but Stays Eccentric. New York Times A27B

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bonnell 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Conover and Munch 2002; Bonnell 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conover and Munch 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Pereira et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFolia Microbiologica
AbbreviationFolia Microbiol. (Praha)
ISSN (print)0015-5632
ISSN (online)1874-9356
General Medicine

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