How to format your references using the Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapuisat, M. (2014). Evolution. Smells like queen since the Cretaceous. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6168), 254–255.
A journal article with 2 authors
French, S. W., & Romanowicz, B. (2015). Broad plumes rooted at the base of the Earth’s mantle beneath major hotspots. Nature, 525(7567), 95–99.
A journal article with 3 authors
Husale, S., Persson, H. H. J., & Sahin, O. (2009). DNA nanomechanics allows direct digital detection of complementary DNA and microRNA targets. Nature, 462(7276), 1075–1078.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Freeman, R., Weinstein, E., Marincola, E., Rosenbaum, J., & Solomon, F. (2001). Careers. Competition and careers in biosciences. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5550), 2293–2294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bejan, A. (2016). Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Proper, E., Gaaloul, K., Harmsen, F., & Wrycza, S. (Eds.). (2012). Practice-Driven Research on Enterprise Transformation: 4th Working Conference, PRET 2012, Gdańsk, Poland, June 27, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 120). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Baronti, M., De Mari, F., van der Putten, R., & Venturi, I. (2016). Sequences. In F. De Mari, R. van der Putten, & I. Venturi (Eds.), Calculus Problems (pp. 53–64). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, May 15). Fungal Success Credited To A Virus. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). National Airspace System: FAA Has Implemented Some Free Flight Initiatives, but Challenges Remain (RCED-98-246). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rafibakhsh, N. (2013). Industrial Applications of Microsoft Xbox Kinect Sensor [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, May 6). Dwindling Funds Jeopardize Immigrant Center. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chapuisat, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chapuisat, 2014; French & Romanowicz, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (French & Romanowicz, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Husale et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Freeman et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education
ISSN (print)1837-7122
ISSN (online)1837-7130
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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