How to format your references using the Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fialko, Y. (2006). Interseismic strain accumulation and the earthquake potential on the southern San Andreas fault system. Nature, 441(7096), 968–971.
A journal article with 2 authors
Genda, H., & Abe, Y. (2005). Enhanced atmospheric loss on protoplanets at the giant impact phase in the presence of oceans. Nature, 433(7028), 842–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keppler, H., Wiedenbeck, M., & Shcheka, S. S. (2003). Carbon solubility in olivine and the mode of carbon storage in the Earth’s mantle. Nature, 424(6947), 414–416.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kiehl, S., Herkt, S. C., Richter, A. M., Fuhrmann, L., El-Nikhely, N., Seeger, W., … Dammann, R. H. (2014). ABCB4 is frequently epigenetically silenced in human cancers and inhibits tumor growth. Scientific Reports, 4, 6899.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sutt, J., Lill, I., & Müürsepp, O. (2013). The Engineer’s Manual of Construction Site Planning. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Verbauwhede, I. M. R. (Ed.). (2010). Secure Integrated Circuits and Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Mendoza, G., & Khero, Z. (2016). Building Pakistan’s Resilience to Flood Disasters in the Indus River Basin. In C. Tortajada (Ed.), Increasing Resilience to Climate Variability and Change: The Roles of Infrastructure and Governance in the Context of Adaptation (pp. 81–110). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). How To Sail Through Space On Sunbeams – Solar Satellite Leads The Way. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Procedures and Policies of the Energy Research and Development Administration (No. B-187621). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ellerbrook, S. L. (2009). Exploring the efficiency and effectiveness of teacher selection tools: The effects on the total group with a focus on the gender sub-groups (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2006, September 23). So Greek, So Good. New York Times, p. NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fialko, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fialko, 2006; Genda & Abe, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Genda & Abe, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Keppler, Wiedenbeck, & Shcheka, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kiehl et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education
ISSN (print)1837-7122
ISSN (online)1837-7130
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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