How to format your references using the Journal of Child and Family Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Child and Family Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, J. E. (2010). The birth of topological insulators. Nature, 464(7286), 194–198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drake, J. M., & Griffen, B. D. (2010). Early warning signals of extinction in deteriorating environments. Nature, 467(7314), 456–459.
A journal article with 3 authors
Helle, S., Lummaa, V., & Jokela, J. (2002). Sons reduced maternal longevity in preindustrial humans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5570), 1085.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bischofberger, I., Calzolari, D. C. E., De Los Rios, P., Jelezarov, I., & Trappe, V. (2014). Hydrophobic hydration of poly-N-isopropyl acrylamide: a matter of the mean energetic state of water. Scientific reports, 4, 4377.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Desmond, K. K. (2011). Ideas about Art. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Britt, L. D., Trunkey, D. D., & Feliciano, D. V. (Eds.). (2007). Acute Care Surgery: Principles and Practice. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanus, M. (2007). Multi-paradigm Declarative Languages. In V. Dahl & I. Niemelä (Eds.), Logic Programming: 23rd International Conference, ICLP 2007, Porto, Portugal, September 8-13, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 45–75). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Child and Family Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 7). Study Reveals Complexity Of Shark Sensing. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Classification and Qualification Standards for the GS-1410 Library-Information Service Series (No. GGD-83-97). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, B. (2012). Forging a New World Nationalism: Ancient Mexico in United States art and visual culture, 1933–1945 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tavernise, S. (2017, August 19). Trump’s Tumultuous Week? To Supporters, It Went Well. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Drake and Griffen 2010; Moore 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Drake and Griffen 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Bischofberger et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Child and Family Studies
AbbreviationJ. Child Fam. Stud.
ISSN (print)1062-1024
ISSN (online)1573-2843
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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