How to format your references using the Journal of Child and Family Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Child and Family Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weidemüller, M. (2013). Quantum physics: spooky action gets collective. Nature, 498(7455), 438–439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kump, L. R., & Barley, M. E. (2007). Increased subaerial volcanism and the rise of atmospheric oxygen 2.5 billion years ago. Nature, 448(7157), 1033–1036.
A journal article with 3 authors
Messenger, S., Keller, L. P., & Lauretta, D. S. (2005). Supernova olivine from cometary dust. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5735), 737–741.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Keung, A. J., Dong, M., Schaffer, D. V., & Kumar, S. (2013). Pan-neuronal maturation but not neuronal subtype differentiation of adult neural stem cells is mechanosensitive. Scientific reports, 3, 1817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ndjountche, T. (2016). Digital Electronics 3. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ohtsu, K. (2015). Time Series Modeling for Analysis and Control: Advanced Autopilot and Monitoring Systems. (H. Peng & G. Kitagawa, Eds.). Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, B. X., & Japkowicz, N. (2008). Boosting Support Vector Machines for Imbalanced Data Sets. In A. An, S. Matwin, Z. W. Raś, & D. Ślęzak (Eds.), Foundations of Intelligent Systems: 17th International Symposium, ISMIS 2008 Toronto, Canada, May 20-23, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 38–47). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Child and Family Studies.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, December 21). Russian Fisherman Captures Insane-Looking Deep-Sea Creatures, But What The Hell Are They? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Recovery Act: Broadband Programs Are Ongoing, and Agencies’ Efforts Would Benefit from Improved Data Quality (No. GAO-12-937). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plosky, W. D. (2017). An Investment Case for Addressing Social Drivers of Structural Stigma and Discrimination Against Refugees in Resource-Poor Urban Areas (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, May 30). Australia’s Property Boom Makes Publisher a Target. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weidemüller 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kump and Barley 2007; Weidemüller 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kump and Barley 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Keung et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Child and Family Studies
AbbreviationJ. Child Fam. Stud.
ISSN (print)1062-1024
ISSN (online)1573-2843
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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