How to format your references using the Journal of Child and Family Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Child and Family Studies (J Child Fam Stud). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Handyside, A. (2010). Let parents decide. Nature, 464(7291), 978–979.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saavedra, S., & Stouffer, D. B. (2013). “Disentangling nestedness” disentangled. Nature, 500(7463), E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burslem, D. F., Garwood, N. C., & Thomas, S. C. (2001). Ecology. Tropical forest diversity--the plot thickens. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), 606–607.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Da Costa Dias, B., Jovanovic, K., Gonsalves, D., Moodley, K., Reusch, U., Knackmuss, S., et al. (2013). Anti-LRP/LR specific antibody IgG1-iS18 and knock-down of LRP/LR by shRNAs rescue cells from Aβ42 induced cytotoxicity. Scientific reports, 3, 2702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port, M., & Samuels, M. (2009). The Think Big Manifesto. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhang, F. (Ed.). (2005). The Schur Complement and Its Applications (Vol. 4). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Elberink, S. O. (2008). Re-using laser scanner data in applications for 3D topography. In P. van Oosterom, S. Zlatanova, F. Penninga, & E. M. Fendel (Eds.), Advances in 3D Geoinformation Systems (pp. 87–99). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Child and Family Studies.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, October 16). Biodiversity Protects Ecosystems Against Climate Change. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NATO: A Changing Alliance Faces New Challenges (No. NSIAD-92-252). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bagley, C. R. (2010). Pint-sized spectacles: American youth beauty queens and the power(ful) dynamic of the institutionalized pageant (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, August 17). 6 Days. New York Times, p. C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Elbaum 2006; Harvey 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saavedra and Stouffer 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kramer et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Child and Family Studies
AbbreviationJ. Child Fam. Stud.
ISSN (print)1062-1024
ISSN (online)1573-2843
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

Other styles