How to format your references using the Journal of Child and Family Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Child and Family Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gladman, B. (2005). The Kuiper belt and the solar system’s comet disk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5706), 71–75.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, P. M., & Ollason, J. C. (2001). Lagged effects of ocean climate change on fulmar population dynamics. Nature, 413(6854), 417–420.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, J., Zhang, C., & Qiao, H. (2014). The significance of p40 expression in sclerosing hemangioma of lung. Scientific reports, 4, 6102.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Radic, S., Geitner, N. K., Podila, R., Käkinen, A., Chen, P., Ke, P. C., & Ding, F. (2013). Competitive binding of natural amphiphiles with graphene derivatives. Scientific reports, 3, 2273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thériault, M., & Rosiers, F. D. (2011). Modeling Urban Dynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Konnov, I. V. (2006). Generalized Convexity and Related Topics. (D. T. Luc & A. M. Rubinov, Eds.) (Vol. 583). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pitt, J. I., & Hocking, A. D. (2009). Primary Keys and Miscellaneous Fungi. In A. D. Hocking (Ed.), Fungi and Food Spoilage (pp. 53–143). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Child and Family Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, August 5). Why Is The Sun’s Atmosphere So Much Hotter Than Its Surface? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA and NASA Have Improved Human Factors Research Coordination, but Stronger Leadership Needed (No. GAO-10-824). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cervantes-Kelly, M. D. (2010). Translation and interpretation as a means to improve bilingual high school students’ English and Spanish academic language proficiency (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2011, June 23). Panel Hears Complaints On Pensions At Delphi. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gladman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gladman 2005; Thompson and Ollason 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Ollason 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Radic et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Child and Family Studies
AbbreviationJ. Child Fam. Stud.
ISSN (print)1062-1024
ISSN (online)1573-2843
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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