How to format your references using the International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smith O. Chemistry. Nota bene: know thine enemy. Science 2001;294:1298.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nowak MA, Sigmund K. Evolution of indirect reciprocity. Nature 2005;437:1291–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Berger G, Graef F, Pfeffer H. Glyphosate applications on arable fields considerably coincide with migrating amphibians. Sci Rep 2013;3:2622.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hurst WJ, Tarka SM Jr, Powis TG, Valdez F Jr, Hester TR. Cacao usage by the earliest Maya civilization. Nature 2002;418:289–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Shi Z-J. Homogeneous Catalysis for Unreactive Bond Activation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Jain SM, Gupta PK, editors. Protocol for Somatic Embryogenesis in Woody Plants. vol. 77. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Pólya G, Tarjan RE, Woods DR. Principle of Inclusion and Exclusion. In: Tarjan RE, Woods DR, editors. Notes on Introductory Combinatorics, Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2010, p. 32–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. ESA Successfully Tests Technology For A Gravitational Wave Space Observatory. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/esa-successfully-tests-technology-for-a-gravitational-wave-space-observatory/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aerospace Testing: Promise of Closer NASA/DOD Cooperation Remains Largely Unfulfilled. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bravo D. Parents’ perspectives of undocumented students’ transition from high school. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Cooper M. A Personal Milestone For A.B.T.’s Fall Season. New York Times 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
ISSN (print)0142-0615
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles