How to format your references using the International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Mackas DL. Does blending of chlorophyll data bias temporal trend? Nature 2011;472:E4-5; discussion E8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Longo VD, Finch CE. Evolutionary medicine: from dwarf model systems to healthy centenarians? Science 2003;299:1342–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bobrov K, Mayne AJ, Dujardin G. Atomic-scale imaging of insulating diamond through resonant electron injection. Nature 2001;413:616–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Paul A, Elias CB, Shum-Tim D, Prakash S. Bioactive baculovirus nanohybrids for stent based rapid vascular re-endothelialization. Sci Rep 2013;3:2366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Seagal ZM, Surnina OM. Ultrasonic Topographical and Pathotopographical Anatomy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Qing S, Okamoto E, Kim K, Liu D, editors. Information and Communications Security: 17th International Conference, ICICS 2015, Beijing, China, December 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 9543. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kondapalli LA. Ovarian Tissue Cryopreservation and Transplantation. In: Gracia C, Woodruff TK, editors. Oncofertility Medical Practice: Clinical Issues and Implementation, New York, NY: Springer; 2012, p. 63–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. The Secret to Ovulation is in Women’s Faces (But Men Can’t See it). IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/secret-ovulation-women-s-faces-men-can-t-see-it/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Government: Selected Agency Plans for Implementing the Government Paperwork Elimination Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ware RJ. Middle School Students’ Perceptions of Their Interests in Reading As Defined By Engagement and Social Interaction When Using Sustained Silent Reading, SSR, and Peer Interests Reading Strategies, PIRS. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Feeney K. Pancakes: Yours, Any Of 100 Ways. New York Times 2008:NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
ISSN (print)0142-0615
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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