How to format your references using the International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Southwell K. Quantum coherence. Nature 2008;453:1003.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Goodman S, Kreeger K. Getting organized. Nature 2003;423:98–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zhang Q, Shalaby NA, Buszczak M. Changes in rRNA transcription influence proliferation and cell fate within a stem cell lineage. Science 2014;343:298–301.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wang M, Bao W-J, Wang J, Wang K, Xu J-J, Chen H-Y, et al. A green approach to the synthesis of novel “Desert rose stone”-like nanobiocatalytic system with excellent enzyme activity and stability. Sci Rep 2014;4:6606.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Barnett AH, Grice J. New Mechanisms in Glucose Control. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Scaglione M, Linsenmaier U, Schueller G, editors. Emergency Radiology of the Abdomen: Imaging Features and Differential Diagnosis for a Timely Management Approach. Milano: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zoeller RT. Endocrine Disruption of the Thyroid and its Consequences in Development. In: Bourguignon J-P, Jégou B, Kerdelhué B, Toppari J, Christen Y, editors. Multi-System Endocrine Disruption, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 51–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Mauna a Wakea: Hawai’i’s Sacred Mountain And The Contentious Thirty Meter Telescope. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s 1996 Financial Statements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ratliff DJ. Teen parenting curriculum: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Saslow L. Firefighters Museum Plans to Expand Again. New York Times 2008:LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
ISSN (print)0142-0615
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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