How to format your references using the Basal Ganglia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Basal Ganglia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.R. Westerterp, Pattern and intensity of physical activity, Nature. 410 (2001) 539.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Pujolle-Robic, L. Noirez, Observation of shear-induced nematic-isotropic transition in side-chain liquid crystal polymers, Nature. 409 (2001) 167–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Zehn, S.Y. Lee, M.J. Bevan, Complete but curtailed T-cell response to very low-affinity antigen, Nature. 458 (2009) 211–214.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Terenzio, S. Koley, N. Samra, I. Rishal, Q. Zhao, P.K. Sahoo, A. Urisman, L. Marvaldi, J.A. Oses-Prieto, C. Forester, C. Gomes, A.L. Kalinski, A. Di Pizio, E. Doron-Mandel, R.B.-T. Perry, I. Koppel, J.L. Twiss, A.L. Burlingame, M. Fainzilber, Locally translated mTOR controls axonal local translation in nerve injury, Science. 359 (2018) 1416–1421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Calloway, Becoming a Category of One, Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
K. Schoeffmann, B. Merialdo, A.G. Hauptmann, C.-W. Ngo, Y. Andreopoulos, C. Breiteneder, eds., Advances in Multimedia Modeling: 18th International Conference, MMM 2012, Klagenfurt, Austria, January 4-6, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
V. Subotic, R. Ferrer, J.C. Sancho, J. Labarta, M. Valero, Quantifying the Potential Task-Based Dataflow Parallelism in MPI Applications, in: E. Jeannot, R. Namyst, J. Roman (Eds.), Euro-Par 2011 Parallel Processing: 17th International Conference, Euro-Par 2011, Bordeaux, France, August 29 - September 2, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Basal Ganglia.

Blog post
J. Fang, Doctors have cleared second baby of HIV, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, DOD Overseas Schools: Compensation Adequate for Recruiting and Retaining Well-Qualified Teachers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.A. Wheeler, The Scaling of High Harmonics with Mid-Infrared Driving Fields and a Method for the Spatial Isolation of Individual Subfemtosecond Pulses, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin, M.M. Grynbaum, Top Political Journalist Faces Multiple Claims of Harassment, New York Times. (2017) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBasal Ganglia
AbbreviationBasal Ganglia
ISSN (print)2210-5336
ScopeClinical Neurology

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